the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2706 - חֹק
1) statute, ordinance, limit, something prescribed, due
1a) prescribed task
1b) prescribed portion
1c) action prescribed (for oneself), resolve
1d) prescribed due
1e) prescribed limit, boundary
1f) enactment, decree, ordinance
1f1) specific decree
1f2) law in general
1g) enactments, statutes
1g4) civil enactments prescribed by God
1180) qh (ההק HhQ) AC: Inscribe CO: ? AB: Custom: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall representing a separation. The q is a picture of the sun at the horizon representing the idea of "coming together". Combined these mean "separation and coming together". A custom brings a people separated together.
V) qqh (ההקק HhQQ) - Inscribe: To write a decree or custom. KJV (19): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Pual, Participle) lawgiver, governor, decree, grave, portray, law, printed, set, note, appoint - Strongs: H2710 (חָקַק)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 prescribed task, assigned to Israel in Egypt Exodus 5:14 (E).
2 prescribed portion, or allowance of food Genesis 47:22 (twice in verse) (J); Proverbs 30:8; Proverbs 31:15; Ezekiel 16:27; מחקי Job 23:12 (RV; < ᵐ5ᵑ9 Ol Me Di SS בְּחֵקִי in my bosom).
3 action prescribed for oneself, resolve: חִקֲקֵי לֵב Judges 5:15 resolves of mind "" חִקְרֵי לֵב Judges 5:16.
4 prescribed due of the priests from offerings Leviticus 6:11; Leviticus 10:13 (twice in verse); Leviticus 10:14 (twice in verse) (P); due of ׳י Leviticus 6:15 (P); עולם׳לח Exodus 29:28; Leviticus 7:34; Leviticus 10:15; Numbers 18:8,11,19 (all P), Leviticus 24:9(H); portion of oil for the תּרומה Ezekiel 45:14.
5 prescribed limit, boundary: of sea Jeremiah 5:22; Proverbs 8:29; Job 26:10; Job 38:10; of heavens Psalm 148:6; of land of Israel Micah 7:11; of time Job 14:5,13; so מָּֽעֲרָהפִיהָ לִבְלִי חֹ֑ק Isaiah 5:14 Sh®°ôl openeth wide her mouth, without limit.
6 enactment, decree, ordinance of either God or man:
a. specific decree: law of fifth in Egypt Genesis 47:26 (J); of passover Exodus 12:24 (J); lament for Jephthah's daughter Judges 11:39; for Josiah 2 Chronicles 35:25; חק ומשׁפט Exodus 15:25; Joshua 24:25 (both E), 1 Samuel 30:25; חק עולם Exodus 30:21; "" עֵדוּת, מִשְׁמָּט Psalm 81:5; Psalm 81:6 (law of a festival).
b. of ׳י in nature Job 28:26.
c. respecting Messianic king Psalm 2:7; day of ׳י Zephaniah 2:2 ᵑ0, but on text see We and טֶרֶם, below; covenant with Jacob Psalm 105:10 = 1 Chronicles 16:17; destiny of man Job 23:14.
d. law in General עלי חק according to law, right Psalm 94:20 (others against law); ומשׁפט׳לַמֵּד ח Ezra 7:10; "" בּרית and תורות Isaiah 25:5; "" עדות Psalm 99:7.
7 plural חֻקִּים enactments, statutes of a law:
a. of ׳י in nature Jeremiah 31:36.
b. of the prophets Zechariah 1:6.
c. conditions of deed of purchase Jeremiah 32:11.
d. enactments "" מִשְׁמָּטִים: ancestral Ezekiel 20:18; given by God as punishment for disobedience Ezekiel 20:25.
e. decrees of unjust judges חִקֲקֵיאָֿוֶן Isaiah 10:1.
f. civil enactments prescribed by God: חֻקֵּיהאלהים Exodus 18:16 (E; "" תּוֺרֹתָיו), Exodus 18:20 (E; "" id.)
g. elsewhere of prescriptions of the several codes of Hex: Leviticus 10:11; Numbers 30:17 (P), Deuteronomy 4:6; Deuteronomy 6:24; Deuteronomy 16:12; Psalm 119:5 20t., Malachi 3:7; "" ׳תּוֺרַת י Amos 2:4; ותורות׳ח Psalm 105:45; ׳והח׳דברי הת Deuteronomy 17:19; "" ברית Psalm 50:16; וברית ועדות׳ח 2 Kings 17:15; usually either "" משׁפטים Deuteronomy 4:1,5,8,14; Deuteronomy 5:1; Deuteronomy 11:32; Deuteronomy 12:1; Deuteronomy 26:16; 1 Kings 9:4 2 Chronicles 7:17; 1 Chronicles 22:13; Ezekiel 11:12; Ezekiel 36:27, or else ומשׁפטים׳ח combined with other synonym (usually preceding): e.g. דבר(ים ׅ Psalm 147:19; תורה 2 Chronicles 33:8; Malachi 3:22; מצוה Deuteronomy 5:28; Deuteronomy 6:1; Deuteronomy 7:11; מצות Nehemiah 1:7; 1 Kings 8:58; מצוה, תורה 2 Chronicles 19:10; עֵדֹת Deuteronomy 4:45; Deuteronomy 6:20; sometimes following: e.g. תורות Leviticus 26:46; מצוה, תורה 2 Kings 17:37; or in different order, e.g. ותורות׳מ ומצות׳ח Nehemiah 9:13; ׳וח׳מצות ומ Nehemiah 10:30; ומצות׳ח ׳ומ Deuteronomy 26:17. Apart from משׁפטים it is combined with מצות, e.g. ׳וח׳מ Exodus 15:26 (R), Deuteronomy 27:10; ׳ומ׳ח Deuteronomy 4:40; 1 Kings 3:14; 1 Kings 8:61; ותורה׳וח ׳מ Nehemiah 9:14; ׳ועדות וח׳מ Deuteronomy 6:17; 1 Chronicles 29:19; 2 Chronicles 34:31; ׳וח׳דברי מ Ezra 7:11; it is used with verbs: נתן Leviticus 26:46 3t.; צוּה Numbers 30:17 9t.; למּד Deuteronomy 4:1 10t.; שׁמר Deuteronomy 26:17 16t.; עשׂה Deuteronomy 6:24 5t.; שׁמר לעשׂות Deuteronomy 11:32 4t.; הלךבְּ 1 Kings 8:61 3t. — [On usage of חֹק see חֻקָּה near the end]
חֹק m. followed by Makk. חָק־, with suff. חֻקִּי, but חָקְךָ Leviticus 10:13 חָקְכֶם Exodus 5:14 plur. חֻקִּים, constr. חֻקֵּי and חוּקֵּי Ezekiel 20:18, properly that which is established or definite (from the root חָקַק No. 3), e.g. חֻקִּי that which is appointed for me, Job 23:14. Specially
(a) an appointed portion of labour, a task, Exodus 5:14; Proverbs 31:15 of food, Proverbs 30:8.
(b) a defined limit, a bound, Job 26:10; Proverbs 8:29. לִבְלִי חֹק without limit, Isaiah 5:14, 24:5.
(c) an appointed time, Job 14:13, 38:26.
(d) an appointed law, a statute, an ordinance, Genesis 47:26; Exodus 12:24 used of the laws of nature [as prescribed by God], Job 28:26 of laws given by God to man, Deuteronomy 4:5,, 14 6:24 11:32 12:1 a decree of God, Psalms 2:7 a custom observed as though it were a law, Judges 11:39 right, privilege, observed as though it had been a law, Exodus 29:28 [This passage speaks of an actual ordinance of God].
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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