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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1345 - δικαίωμα
- that which has been deemed right so as to have force of law
- what has been established, and ordained by law, an ordinance
- a judicial decision, sentence
- of God
- either the favourable judgment by which he acquits man and declares them acceptable to Him
- unfavourable: sentence of condemnation
- of God
- a righteous act or deed
δῐκαί-ωμα, ατος, τό,
1. act of right, opp. ἀδίκημα, Arist. Rh. 1359a25; duty, τὰ πρὸς ἀνθρώπους δ. Ph. 2.199; prop. amendment of a wrong, opp. δικαιοπράγημα, Arist. EN 1135a13: hence, judgement, penalty, Pl. Lg. 864e. justification, plea of right, Th. 1.41, Isoc. 6.25, Arist. Cael. 279b9, LXX 2 Kings 19:28(29), PLond. 2.360.8 (ii A. D.), etc.; δικαιώματα Ἑλληνίδων πόλεων, compiled by Arist. for Philip, Harp. s.v. Δρύμος. pl., pleadings, documents in a suit, OGI 13.13 (Samos), PLille 29.25 (iii B. C.), etc.; also, credentials, BGU 113.10 (ii A. D.), al. act of δικαίὠσις 1.3, Romans 5:16.
II ordinance, decree, LXX Genesis 26:5, Exodus 15:26 (pl.), al., Romans 1:32, Romans 2:26 (pl.), al.
δικαίωμα , -τος , τ
(< δικαιόω ),
a concrete expression of righteousness, the expression and result of the act of δικαίωσις , "a declaration that a thing is δίκαιον , or that a person is δίκαιος ," hence,
(a) an ordinance: δ . τ . θεοῦ , Romans 1:32; τ . κυρίου , Luke 1:6; τ . νόμου , Romans 2:26; Romans 8:4; λατρείας , Hebrews 9:1; σαρκός , Hebrews 9:10;
(b) a sentence: of acquittal, Romans 5:16 (also Romans 5:18; ICC, in l), or of condemnation;
(c) a righteous act: Romans 5:18 (RV), Revelation 15:4; Revelation 19:8 (on the usage of Papyri, v. MM, Exp., iii, xi).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Tor I. Iiii. 21 (B.C. 117) δικαιώματα means apparently ";arguments of counsel";—παραγινωσκομένων αὐτοῖς ἐξ ὧν παρέκειντο δικαιωμάτων ὧν ἑκάτερος ᾑρεῖτο : so.23 andv. 25 ἐπελθὼν δὲ καὶ ἐπὶ τὰ τοῦ ἀντιδίκου δικαιώματα. Similarly in OGIS 13.14 (early iii/B.C.) when the people of Priene proved their immemorial possession of certain territory ἔκ τε τῶν ἱστοριῶν κ [αὶ ἐκ τῶν ἄλ ]λων μαρτυριῶν καὶ δικαιωμάτων [με ]τὰ τῶν ἑξετῶν [σπονδῶν, the meaning ";awards"; would seem to be possible, but ";arguments"; suits μαρτυριῶν better. Bishop Hicks’s notes (Historical Inscrr..1 p. 260) w ll show the stages in this centuries-old dispute. P Lille I. 29.25 (from a code—iii/B.C.) prescribes examination of slaves by torture ἐὰμ μὴ ἐκ τῶν τεθέντων δικαιωμάτων δύνωνται κρίνειν, ";si les pièces du procès ne leur permettent pas de juger"; (Ed.). Cf. P Petr II. 38 (c ).52 (iii/B.C.) (= III. p. 55), where a man is sent to Alexandria ἔχοντα καὶ τὰ πρὸ [ς ] τὴν κατάστασιν δικαιώματα, ";having with him the papers justifying his case,"; the pièces iustificatives as the editors describe them. The same phrase occurs in Preisigke 3925.5 (B.C. 149—8 or 137—6). There is also P Petr III. 21 (g ).43 (iii/B.C.) ὃ καὶ παρέδοτο ἐν τοῖς δικαιώμ [ασι, which follows ἅμα τε γραπτὸν λόγον [καὶ δικαιώ ]ματα θεμένης with the same meaning. In BGU I. 113.10 (A.D. 143) ἃ δὲ παρέθεντο δικαιώμ (ατα) the word = ";credentials"; : so ib. 265.17 (A.D. 148), and IV. 1033.7, .19 (Trajan). Cf. the combination here with that in P Tor 1 above (ad init.). In P Lond 360.8 (? ii/A.D.) (= II. p. 216) a certain Stotoëtis surrenders to his sisters his ";claim"; on a slave-girl belonging to their mother—οὗ ἔχει δικαιώματος τῆς ὑπ [αρχ ]ούσης τῇ μητρὶ αὐτῶν παιδίσκης δούλης. Similarly P Oxy VIII. 1119.15 (A.D. 254) τῶν ἐξαιρέτων τῆς ἡμετέρας πατρίδος δικαιωμάτων, ";the exceptional rights claimed by our native city"; (Ed.). MGr δικαίωμα = ";justice.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20