the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1305 - בָּרַר
1) to purify, select, polish, choose, purge, cleanse or make bright, test or prove
1a1) to purge, purge out, purify
1a2) to choose, select
1a3) to cleanse, make shining, polish
1a4) to test, prove
1b) (Niphal) to purify oneself
1c) (Piel) to purify
1d1) to purify
1d2) to polish arrows
1e1) to purify oneself
1e2) to show oneself pure, just, kind
1043) rb (בר BR) AC: Feed CO: Grain AB: ?: The pictograph b is a picture of a tent but also represents the family which resides inside the tent. The r is a picture of a head. Combined these have the meaning of "family of heads". The plant families of grains such as wheat and barley have a cluster of seeds at the top of the stalk called "heads". These grains were used for food for both man and livestock. (eng: barley - a grain; beer - made from grain; boar - as fat; barn - grain storage; pure - as clean with soap with an exchange for the p and b)
A) rb (בר BR) AC: ? CO: Grain AB: ?: Grains grown in fields were used for meal to make flour as well as feed for livestock. The stalks of the grains were burned to make potash for making soap. What is cleaned with soap becomes white or bright.
Nm) rb (בר BR) - I. Grain:Grain, and field, as a place for growing grain. II. Soap:Made from the ashes of the grain stalks. III. Clean:Cleanliness from soap. Also pure as a moral cleanliness. KJV (33): corn, wheat, son, about, clean, pur, choice, clear, purely, son - Strongs: H1248 (בַּר), H1249 (בַּר), H1250 (בָּר), H1251 (בַּר)
V) rrb (ברר BRR) - I. Clean:The cleaning or polishing of something to make it bright or pure. II. Choice:Something that is clean or pure. KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) pure, choice, chosen, clean, clearly, manifest, bright, purge out, polished, purge, purified - Strongs: H1305 (בָּרַר)
bm) riba (אביר ABYR) - Strong: The mighty power of a bird in flight. Anything or anyone of great strength, physical or mental. KJV (23): might, bulls, strong, mighty, stouthearted, valiant, angels, chiefest - Strongs: H46 (אָבִיר), H47 (אַבִּיר)
V) arb (ברא BRA) - Fill: The fattening or filling up of something. The filling of the earth in ge1with sun, moon, plants, animals, etc. And the filling of man with life and the image of God. KJV (54): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) create, creator, choose, make, cut down, dispatch, done, fat - Strongs: H1254 (בָּרָא)
Nf4) tirb (ברית BRYT) - Covenant: A covenant is instituted through a sacrifice of a choice, fatted, animal which is cut into two and the parties of the covenant pass through the pieces. If one party fails to meet the agreements of the covenant then the other may do the same to them. (see Genesis 15:10,17and Jeremiah 34:18-20) KJV (284): covenant, league, confederacy, confederate - Strongs: H1285 (בְּרִית)
- A2743 Kbr (Mix)
- A2041 Qrb (Thrust, Sword)
- A2042 Srb (Cypress)
- A2052 Rbc (Prevail, Warrior)
- A2520 Rbo (Cross)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect בָּרוֺתִי Ezekiel 20:38; Infinitive suffix לְבָרָם Ecclesiastes 3:18, Ges§ 67 R, 3; compare לָבוּר Ecclesiastes 9:1 (si vera lectio) as metaplastic form, but on text see בּוּר above; Participle passive masculine בָּרוּר Job 33:3 4t.; feminine בְּרוּרָה Nehemiah 5:18; Zephaniah 3:9; —
1 purge out, purify: וּבָרוֺתִימִכֶּם הַמֹּרְדִים and I will purge out from among you the rebels Ezekiel 20:38; שָׂפָה בְּרוּרָה a purified lip Zephaniah 3:9; בָּרוּר מִלֵּל֑וּ utter in a pure, sincere manner Job 33:3.
2 choose, select, only Participle and in Chronicler: chosen, valiant men 1 Chronicles 7:40; porters 1 Chronicles 9:22; musicians 1 Chronicles 16:41; sheep Nehemiah 5:18.
3 cleanse, make shining, polish, passive participle חֵץ בָּרוּר polished arrow Isaiah 49:2 (compare De & Jeremiah 51:11 below)
4 test, prove Ecclesiastes 3:18 לְבָרָםהָאֱלֹהִים that God may prove them (RV); — on Ecclesiastes 9:1 see בּוּר.
Niph`alהִבָּרוּ Isaiah 52:11; Participle נָבָר 2 Samuel 22:27 (= Psalm 18:27); — purify oneself:
a. ceremonially, the bearers of the sacred vessels Isaiah 52:11.
b. morally 2 Samuel 22:27 = Psalm 18:27.
Pi`el Infinitive לְבָרֵר Daniel 11:35 purify ("" לִצְרוֺף, לַלְבֵּן).
Hiph`il 1. Infinitive לְהָבַר Jeremiah 4:11 purify, cleanse.
2 Imperative הָבֵרוּהַחִצִּים Jeremiah 51:11 polish arrows (see 3 above).
Hithpa`el 1. Imperfect יִתְבָּרֲרוּ Daniel 12:10 purify oneself.
2תִּתְבָּרַר Psalm 18:27 = תִּתָּבָר 2 Samuel 22:27 shew oneself pure, just, kind.
בָּרַר pret. בָּרוֹתִי Ezekiel 20:38, inf. with suff. בָּרָם Ecclesiastes 3:18 (of the form שָׁךְ from שָׁכַךְ), kindred to the roots בָּרָא, בָּרָה.
(1) to separate, to sever, Eze. loc. cit. הַמֹּרְדִים בָּרוֹתִי מִכֶּם “I will separate the rebels from you.” (Arab. بَرَّ Conj. VIII. to stand apart from one’s companions.)
(2) to select, to choose (comp. בָּרָה No. 3). Part. pass. selected, chosen. 1 Chronicles 9:22, כֻּלָּם הַבְּרוּרִים לְשֹׁעֲרִים “all chosen (that) they might be (porters).” 1 Chronicles 7:40, 16:41 Nehemiah 5:18. [“Also, select, chosen, choice, 1 Chronicles 7:40 animals, Nehemiah 5:18.”]
(3) to separate and remove impure things, to cleanse
(a) an arrow from rust, to polish, to point, to sharpen it, Isaiah 49:2. See Hiphil. (Arab. برا to pare down, to point a weapon.)
(b) It is applied to pure and upright words and deeds. Part. pass. Zephaniah 3:9, שָׂפָה בְרוּרָה “a pure lip.” Adv. Job 33:3, וְדַעַת שְׂפָתַי בָּרוּר מִלֵּלוּ “and what I know my lips have spoken purely,” i.e. truly, sincerely, (ohne Falfch). Psalms 19:9, “the commandment of Jehovah is pure,” i.e. true, just. Compare Niphal, Piel, Hithpael. (Arab. برّ Med. E, to be just, true; بَرُّ true, just. Syr. ܒܪܺܝܪܐܳ pure, neat, simple; ܒܪܺܝܪܘܽܬܐܳ purity. In the proper signification of purity, it answers to the Lat. purus, Germ. bar, Engl. bare; figuratively, to the Lat. verus, wahr.)
(4) to explore, to search out, to prove, which is done by separating, comp. בָּקַר No. 3, Ecclesiastes 3:18. It answers to inf. לָבוּר Ecclesiastes 9:1, see בּוּר. (Arabic إِسْتَبَرَّ to investigate the truth, بَار Med. Waw, to search out.)
(5) to be empty, see בַּר adj. No. 3, Ch. בָּר.
Niphal נָבַר reflex. to purge oneself, for entering on a sacred office, Isaiah 52:11. Part. נָבָר pure, i.e. upright, pious, Psalms 18:27; 2 Samuel 22:27 see Kal No. 3, b.
Piel, to purge, Daniel 11:35.
Hiphil, to purge an arrow, i.e. to sharpen, Jeremiah 51:11 (see Kal No. 3, a); corn in the threshing-floor, Jeremiah 4:11.
(1) to purge oneself, sc. from the defilement of idolatry and sin, to reform, Daniel 12:10 (compare 11:35 ). [This certainly ought to be taken in a passive sense, to be purged.]
(2) to act truly, graciously, used of God, see under Kal No. 3, b; Psalms 18:27, עִם נָבָר תִּתְבָּרָר “with the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure.” As to the form תִּתַּבַּר see Analyt. Ind.
Derived nouns are בַּר No. II. בֹּר, בֹּרִית, בַּרְבֻּרִים.