the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #0802 - אִשָּׁה
1) woman, wife, female
1a) woman (opposite of man)
1b) wife (woman married to a man)
1c) female (of animals)
1d) each, every (pronoun)
2003) sna (אנסה ANSh) AC: Sick CO: Man AB: ?
V) sna (אנסה ANSh) - Sick: In the sense of the mortality of man. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal) sick, incurable, desperate, wicked, woeful - Strongs: H605 (אָנַשׁ)
Nm) sna (אנסה ANSh) - Man: [Aramaic only] KJV (25): man - Strongs: H606 (אֱנַשׁ)
Nf1) esna (אנסהה ANShH) - Woman: KJV (1): wife - Strongs: H5389 (נָשִׁין)
bm) sina (אניסה ANYSh) - Man: KJV (1639): man, one, husband, any - Strongs: H376 (אִישׁ), H377 (אִישׁ)
bf1) esina (אניסהה ANYShH) - Woman: KJV (780): wife, woman, one, married, female - Strongs: H802 (אִשָּׁה)
cm) sfna (אנוסה ANWSh) - Man: KJV (564): man, husband, merchantmen, person - Strongs: H582 (אֱנוֹשׁ)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 woman Genesis 3:1,2; Genesis 12:11 +; opposed to man Genesis 2:22,23; Exodus 35:29; Exodus 36:6; Deuteronomy 7:2,5; Deuteronomy 22:22; 1 Samuel 21:5 +; ׳א emphatic a Genuine (or ideal) woman Ecclesiastes 7:28 ("" אדם); simile of men as feeble, timid Jeremiah 50:37; Jeremiah 51:30; note especially הַטַּף בַּנָּשִׁים the children among the women, female children Numbers 31:18 (P); as conceiving Exodus 2:2; Leviticus 12:2; 2 Samuel 11:5 +; travailing Jeremiah 13:21; bearing children Judges 13:24; 1 Kings 3:18; compare Job 14:1; Job 15:14; Job 25:4 +, etc.; suckling Isaiah 49:15; אֹרַח כַּנָּשִׁים Genesis 18:11; דֶּרֶח נָשִׁים Genesis 31:35; with adjective, or app., מֵינֶקֶת׳א nursing woman, nurse Exodus 2:7; זוֺנָה׳א harlot Joshua 2:1; Joshua 6:22; Judges 11:1; Judges 16:1; 1 Kings 3:16; Proverbs 6:26; Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 16:30; Ezekiel 23:44; so זָרָה׳א Proverbs 2:16; Proverbs 7:5; compare also Ezekiel 23:44 above; מְנָאָ֑פֶת׳א adulteress Proverbs 30:20 (compare אֵשֶׁת אִישׁ Proverbs 6:26), אֵשֶׁת זְנוּנִים Hosea 1:2; נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֺת foreign women 1 Kings 11:1,8; Ezra 10:2,10,11,14,17,18,44; Nehemiah 13:26,27 (compare Nehemiah 13:23); חֲכָמָה׳א wise woman, one known as clever, shrewd 2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Samuel 20:16, etc.; also מִּילֶגֶשׁ׳א concubine Judges 19:1,27: אַלְמָנָה׳א widow 2 Samuel 14:5; 1 Kings 11:26; 1 Kings 17:9,10; נְבִיאָה׳א prophetess Judges 4:4; also construct before noun of quality אֵשֶׁת רָ֑ע Proverbs 6:24; בְּסִילוּת׳א Proverbs 9:13; חֵן׳א Proverbs 11:16; חַיִל׳א Proverbs 12:4; Proverbs 31:10; Ruth 3:11; מִדְיָנִים׳א Proverbs 21:9; Proverbs 25:24; Proverbs 27:15; וָכָ֑עַס׳מ ׳א Proverbs 21:19.
2 Wife (woman belonging to a Prayer of Manasseh , usually construct or suffix) Genesis 2:24,25; Genesis 3:8,17; Genesis 4:1,17 + often; of one betrothed (ארשׂ) Deuteronomy 20:7; Deuteronomy 28:30; בַּעַל (הָ)אִשָּׁה Exodus 21:3,22; אִישׁ הָאִשָּׁה Judges 20:4; לְאִשָּׁה to wife Genesis 2:22; Genesis 12:19; Genesis 16:3; Genesis 34:21 + often (after לָקַח, נָתַן husband or father subject); for wife (after הָֽיְתָה, woman subject) Genesis 20:12; Numbers 36:3,6 (twice in verse); Numbers 36:11,12; Deuteronomy 22:19,29 +; for unfaithful wife compare 1; construct in phrase אֵשֶׁת חֵיקֶ֑ךָ Deuteronomy 13:7; compare Deuteronomy 28:54; נְעוּרֶיךָ׳א Proverbs 5:18; Malachi 2:14,15; בְּרִיתֶ֑ךָ׳א Malachi 2:14; אֵשֶׁת אָב = step-mother Leviticus 18:8,11; Leviticus 20:11.
3 Female of animals Genesis 7:2 (twice in verse); see also below 4
4 With distributive & reciprocal sense, מֵאֵת׳א רְעוּתָהּ each woman from her neighbour Exodus 11:2 (E); compare Ruth 1:8,9; Jeremiah 9:19; each one, of birds of prey Isaiah 34:15 compare Isaiah 34:16 (strike out Bi Che); of cows (figurative of heartless women of Israel) Amos 4:3; of sheep (figurative of Israel) Zechariah 11:9; & of inanimate things (P, & late) אֶל אֲחֹתָהּ׳א Exodus 26:3 (twice in verse); Exodus 26:5,6,17 (P) Ezekiel 1:9 (strike out Co) Ezekiel 1:23; Ezekiel 3:13.
אנת (the root of the pronoun 2person in Shemitic: , anta; feminine , ant£; Biblical Aramaic Kt אַנְתָּה (masculine), ᵑ7אַנְתְּ & אַתְּ (both masculine & feminine); Syriac , feminine , the n being written but not pronounced; Assyrian atta, feminine atti-e Dl§ 55a, the nt being merged in the double t; Hebrew similarly. Plural , feminine , Aramaic אַנְתּוּן, , feminine אַתִּין, ; Assyrian attunu).
II. אנשׁ (√ of following; Biblical Hebrew III. אנשׁ, אִשָּׁח).
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אִשָּׁה (for אִנְשָׁה, fem. of the form אֵנֶשׁ), in const. state אֵשֶׁת (fem. of the form אִישׁ for אִישֶׁת); sometimes also put absol. Deuteronomy 21:11; 1 Samuel 28:7; Psalms 58:9 with suff. אִשְׁתִּי, אִשְׁתְּךָ, אִשְׁתּוֹ, etc.; once אֶשְׁתְּךָ Psalms 128:3 pl. once אִשּׁוֹת Ezekiel 23:44 elsewhere always נָשִׁים (for אֲנָשִׁים by aphæresis, from the sing. אִנְשָׁה); const. state נְשֵׁי, with suff. נָשַׁי, נָשָׁיו, נְשֵׁיהֶם f.
(1) a woman, of every age and condition, whether married or not; Song of Solomon 1:8, הַיָּפָה בַּנָּשִׁים “O, fairest of women!” Song of Solomon 5:9, 6:1 Genesis 31:35, דֶּרֶךְ נָשִׁים לִי “the way of women is to me,” i.e. I experience that which happens to women, menstruata sum. 2 Samuel 1:26, “thy love was dearer to me than the love of women;” Job 42:15. Used of unmarried women, Genesis 24:5; Isaiah 4:1. Specially it is
(a) the name of the sex, and is even used of animals, Genesis 7:2, a female, as in Latin femina, French femelle, Greek γυνή in Aristotle; see אִישׁ No. 1, (a).
(b) wife, opposed to husband, Genesis 24:3, Genesis 24:4, 25:1 26:34 28:1 34:4, seq.; אֵשֶׁת אָבִיךָ “thy father’s wife,” i.e. thy step-mother, Leviticus 18:11 compare 1 Corinthians 5:1. Of very frequent use are the phrases לָקַח לוֹ לְאִשָּׁה “to take to oneself (a woman) to wife,” Genesis 4:19, 6:2. Also used of a concubine, Genesis 30:4 of one espoused, Genesis 29:21.
(c) as a man is praised for valour, constancy, and intrepid mind, so woman is used as a term of reproach to a cowardly man, one who is timid, undecided, Isaiah 19:16, 3:12 Jeremiah 51:30; Nahum 3:13 compare Homer, Ἀχαΐδες οὐκ ἐτʼ Ἀχαιοί, Virg. Æn. ix. 617.
(d) It is joined by apposition to various nouns, אִשָּׁה זוֹנָה a harlot, Joshua 2:1 אִשָּׁה פִילֶגֶשׁ a concubine, Judges 19:1 אִשָּׁה אַלְמָנָה a widow, 1 Kings 7:14 אִשָּׁה נְבִיאָה Judges 4:4 א׳ יִשְׂרְאֵלִית Leviticus 24:10.
(e) Followed by a genitive, containing an attribute, it denotes a female possessed of such an attribute; אֵשֶׁת חַיִל an honest woman, Ruth 3:11 אֵשֶׁת מִדְיָנִים a quarrelsome woman, Proverbs 27:15 אֵשֶׁת זְנוּנִים a harlot, Hosea 1:2.
(f) emphat. used of a perfect woman, such as she ought to be, (compare יִשְׂרָאֵל No. 1, and the well-known expression of Diogenes, I seek a man). With the art. collectively of the female sex, Ecclesiastes 7:26.
(2) Followed by אָחוֹת or רְעוּת one, another (see under those words).
(3) any one, whosoever, Exodus 3:22; Amos 4:3.
Note. In Ch. woman is אִתָּא emphat. state אִתְּתָא, אִנְתְּתָא; pl. נְשִׁין. Syriac ܐܰܢܬܬܐܳ, pl. ܢܶܫ̈ܶܐ. Arabic إِمْرَأَةُ, مَرْأَةُ, pl. نِسْوَةُ, نِسْوَانُ, نِسْوَونَ, also أُنْثىَ woman, pl. أُنُثُ, Ethiop. አነስት፡ anest (not anset), which also as a plural stands for women.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.