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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07585 - שְׁאֹל
1) sheol, underworld, grave, hell, pit
1a) the underworld
1b) Sheol — the OT designation for the abode of the dead
1b1) place of no return
1b2) without praise of God
1b3) wicked sent there for punishment
1b4) righteous not abandoned to it
1b5) of the place of exile (figuratively)
1b6) of extreme degradation in sin
V) las (סהאל ShAL) - Ask: To seek to understand what is not known. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (179): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) ask, enquire, desire, require, borrow, salute, demand, lent, request, beg - Strongs: H7592 (שָׁאֵל), H7593 (שְׁאֵל)
V) els (סהלה ShLH) - I. Mislead:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Rest:[Aramaic only] KJV (4): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) negligent, deceive, take, rest - Strongs: H7952 (שָׁלָה), H7953 (שָׁלָה), H7954 (שְׁלֵה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שְׁאוֺל, שְׁאֹל noun feminine Psalm 86:13 (apparently masculine Job 26:6 compare Isaiah 14:9, see Albr ZAW xvi(1896), 51) She®°ôl, underworld (√ dubious; שׁאל, i.e. palce of inquiry (reference to necromancy) Jastr Amos. Jsem. Lang. xiv. 170. cf JBL xix (1900), 88 ff. (Jerem Lebenn. d. Tode 109 'Ort der Entscheidung'); Thes Bö De Inf. § 158 Di and others compare √ שׁעל, whence שֹׁעַל hallow hand, etc.; ׳שׁ then = hallow place, 'Hölle', hell; other conjectures see Hup Psalm 66 De Isaiah 5:14 Beer Bibl. Hades in Holtzmann Festgabe,1902,15; most now refrain from positive etymology (e.g. Buhl); Old Aramaic שאול, Syriac ; Assyrian šu-alu is dubious: so reads and interprets Dl pa 121, Prol 47 145 Jastr Amos. J. Semitic Lang. xiv. 165 ff. Ency. Bib s.v.; opposed to by Bertin TSBA viii. 269 Jen Kosmol.223ff. Zim KAT 3. 636 and others; see also Muss-Arn JBL xi (1892), 169 and references); — always absolute, שְׁאוֺל Deuteronomy 32:22 52t.,הָ֯ Genesis 42:38; Psalm 9:18; שְׁאֹל 1 Kings 2:6; Job 17:16, הָ֯ Genesis 37:35 7t.; + Isaiah 7:11 (so read for שְׁאָ֫לָה Aq Σ Θ Du Che and now most); —
1 the underworld, תַּחְתִּית׳שׁ Deuteronomy 32:22, מִתַּחַת Isaiah 14:9; מִ֑טָּה׳מִשּׁ Proverbs 15:24; "" מָוֶת Proverbs 5:5; Proverbs 7:27; Song of Solomon 8:6; Psalm 89:49; whither men descend at death, Genesis 37:35 (E), Genesis 42:38; Genesis 44:29,31 (J), 1 Samuel 2:6; 1 Kings 2:6,9; Job 7:9; Job 21:13; Isaiah 14:11,15; Psalm 88:4, and Korah and associates go down alive by ׳י s judgment, Numbers 16:30,33 (J), compare Psalm 55:16; under mountains and sea Job 26:6 (compare Job 26:5), ׳בֶּטֶן שׁ Jonah 2:3 (compare Jonah 2:7); with bars Job 17:16 (si vera 1.: see ᵐ5 Du); ׳מִּי שׁ Psalm 141:7; ׳שַׁעֲרֵי שׁ Isaiah 38:10; personified Isaiah 28:15,18 ("" מות). as insatiable monster Isaiah 5:14; Habakkuk 2:5; Proverbs 1:12; Proverbs 27:20; Proverbs 30:16; as said (figurative) to have snares, ׳חֶבְלֵי שׁ Psalm 18:6 = 2 Samuel 22:6 compare ׳מְצָרֵי שׁ Psalm 116:3; opposed to (height of) שָׁמַיִם Amos 9:2; Job 11:8; Psalm 139:8 + (opposed to לְמָ֑עְלָה) Isaiah 7:11 (see above); dark, gloomy, without return Job 17:13 (compare Job 17:16; Job 7:9; Job 10:21; Job 16:22; all being alike Job 3:17-19; Job 21:23-26 ); without work or knowledge or wisdom according to Ecclesiastes 9:5,6,10 (compare Job 14:21, and see רְפָאִים below רפה; yet compare Isaiah 14:9f.).
2 condition of righteous and wicked distinguished in׳שׁ (later than 1 Samuel 28, especially inWisdom Literature):
a. wicked יָשׁוּבוּ לִשְׁא֑וֺלָה Psalm 9:18, ׳יִדְּמוּ לִשׁ Psalm 31:18; death is their shepherd, without power and honour they waste away Psalm 49:15 (twice in verse); ׳שׁ consumes them as drought water Job 24:19; righteous dread it because no praise or presence of God there (as in temple) Psalm 6:6 (compare Psalm 88:5), Isaiah 38:18; deliverance from it a blessing Psalm 30:4; Psalm 86:13; Proverbs 23:14. In Ezek. ׳שׁ is land below, place of reproach, abode of uncircumcised Ezekiel 31:15,16,17; Ezekiel 32:21,27
b. righteous shall not be aban-doned, ׳לשׁ Ezekiel 16:10 ("" שַׁחַת q. v.; opposed to אִרַח חַיִּים etc., Ezekiel 16:11, compare Ezekiel 17:15), is ransomed from ׳שׁ Ezekiel 49:16 (compare Ezekiel 73:23; Ezekiel 73:25; Isaiah 57:1,2); compare Job's expectation and desire Job 14:13; Job 17:13 (compare Job 10:21; Job 19:25f.).
3 later distinction of places in׳שׁ:
a. depths of ׳שׁ for sensualist Proverbs 9:18.
b.וַאֲבַדּוֺן ׳שׁ Proverbs 25:11, see אֲבַדּוֺן. [שַׁחַת and בּוֺר, q. v., when "" ׳שׁ, are usually in bad sense( Psalm 88:4); probably = pit in ׳שׁ, > ׳שׁ itself as pit; words at least prepare for local distinctions of post-Biblical Judaism and NT.]
4׳שׁ figurative of extreme degradation in sin Isaiah 57:9; as place of exile for Israel Hosea 13:14 (twice in verse) (compare Isaiah 26:19).