the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #04057 - מִדְבָּר
1b) uninhabited land, wilderness
1c) large tracts of wilderness (around cities)
1d) wilderness (figuratively)
2a) mouth (as organ of speech)
V) rbd (דבר DBR) - Speak: A careful arrangement of words or commands. KJV (1488): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) speak, say, talk, promise, tell, commune, pronounce, utter, command - Strongs: H1696 (דָּבַר)
Nm) rbd (דבר DBR) - I. Word:An arrangement of words. II. Thing:As something that is arranged. In Hebrew thought words contain substance just as physical objects do. III. Plague:The re-ordering of a population. KJV (49): word, thing, matter, act, chronicle, saying, commandment, pestilence, plague, murrain - Strongs: H1697 (דָּבָר), H1698 (דֶּבֶר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
II. מִדְבָּר270 noun masculine wilderness — Deuteronomy 32:10 +; with ה locative מִדְבָּ֫רָה Joshua 18:12 15t.; construct Exodus 15:22 +; מִדְבַּ֫רָה 1 Kings 19:15; suffix מִדְבָּרָהּ Isaiah 51:3; —
1 tracts of land, used for the pasturage of flocks and herds, דָּֽשְׁאוּ נְאוֺת מִדְבָּר the pastures of the wilderness put forth green grass Joel 2:22; ׳מ׳יִרְעֲפוּ נ the pastures of the wilderness drop (fertility) Psalm 65:13; ׳מ׳יָָֽבְשׁוּ נ are dried up Jeremiah 23:10, compare Jeremiah 9:9; Joel 1:19,20.
2 uninhabited land, מִדְבָּר לֹאאָֿדָם בּוֺ wilderness in which is no man Job 38:26; the abode of pelicans Psalm 102:7; wild asses Job 24:5; Jeremiah 2:24; jackals Malachi 1:3; ostriches Lamentations 4:3; מִייִֿתְּנֵנִי בַמִּדְבָּר מְלוֺןאֹרְחִים וְֶאעֶזְבָה אֶתעַֿמִּי O that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfarers, that I might leave my people Jeremiah 9:1; טוֺב שֶׁבֶת בְּאֶרֶץ מִדְבָּר better to dwell in a desert land, than with a contentious woman Proverbs 21:19; בְּאֶרֶץ מִדְבָּר וּבְתֹהוּ יְלֵל יְשִׁמֹן in a desert land, and in a waste howling wilderness Deuteronomy 32:10.
3 large tracts of such land bearing various names, in certain districts of which there might be towns and cities: יִשְׂאוּמִדְבָּר וְעָרָיו חֲצֵרִים תֵּשֵׁב קֵדָר let the wilderness and its cities lift up (their voice), the villages that Kedar doth inhabit Isaiah 42:11. There were six cities in the wilderness of Judah Joshua 15:61,62; הַמִּדְבָּר usually = wilderness of the wanderings Genesis 14:6; Numbers 14:16,29,32,33 (twice in verse) +, or the great Arabian desert Judges 11:22 +; but may also refer to any other Song of Solomon 3:6; Song of Solomon 8:5. Special tracts — (a) of the wilderness of the wandering were שׁוּר׳מ Exodus 15:22, סין Exodus 16:1 +, סיני Exodus 19:1 +, פארן Numbers 13:26 +, צן Numbers 20:1 +, קדשׁ Psalm 29:8, אתם Numbers 33:8; (b) in West Palestine יהודה׳מ Judges 1:16; Psalm 63:1 compare Joshua 15:61, מעוֺן 1 Samuel 23:24,25, זיף 1 Samuel 23:15; 1 Samuel 26:2, באר שׁבע Genesis 21:14, עין גדי 1 Samuel 24:2, תקוע 2 Chronicles 20:20, ירואל 2 Chronicles 20:16, גבעון 2 Samuel 2:24; (c) in Eastern Palestine מואב Deuteronomy 2:8, אדום 2 Kings 3:8, קדמות Deuteronomy 2:26.
4 figurative וְשַׂמְתִּיהָ כַמִּדְבָּר וְשַׁתִּהָ כְּאֶרֶץצִיָּה and (lest I) make her as a wilderness and set her like a dry land Hosea 2:5; הֲמִדְבָּר הָיִיתִי לְיִשְׂרָאֵל have I been a wilderness to Israel ? Jeremiah 2:31.
דבשׁ (√ of following; compare Arabic IX. become black or brown, of a colour between black and red; see derivatives; so Fl see below; yet verb in this meaning perhaps denominative from i.e. having the colour of dibs).
מִדְבָּר m. [with ה local מִדְבָּרָה; const. מִדְבַּר; once with ה local מִדְבַּרָה 1 Kings 19:15 ].
(1) an uninhabited plain country, fit for feeding flocks, not desert, a pasture, from the root דָּבַר No. 2, to lead to pasture, like the Germ. Trift from treiben (Syriac ܕܰܒܪܐܳ, ܡܕܰܒܪܐܳ id.). Joel 2:22, דָּֽשְׁאוּ נְאוֹת מִדְבָּר “the pastures of the plain are flourishing;” Psalms 65:13, יְרְעֲפוּ נְאוֹת מִדְבָּר “the pastures of the plain drop (fatness or fertility).” And the contrary, Jeremiah 23:10, יָֽבְשׁוּ נְאוֹת מִדְבָּר “the pastures of the plain dry up,” Joel 1:19. Isaiah 42:11, מִדְבָּר וְעָרָיו “the plain and its cities shall rejoice.” More often it is
(2) a sterile, sandy country, Isaiah 32:15, 35:1 50:2 Jeremiah 4:11, etc. מִדְבַּר שְׁמָמָה Joel 2:3, 4:19 with the art. הַמִּדְבָּר always the desert of Arabia, Genesis 14:6, 16:7 Exodus 3:1, 13:18 Deuteronomy 11:24 the particular parts of which are distinguished by their own peculiar names (see סִין, סִינַי, שׁוּר, פָּארָן ). מִדְבַּר יְהוּדָה the plain or desert of Judah; [does not this mean the wilderness of Judah by the Dead Sea, in contrast to the plain in the western part of that tribe?], Judges 1:16; Psalms 63:1. Metaph. Hosea 2:5, שַׂמְתִּיהָ כַמִּדְבָּר “I have made her as a desert,” i.e. most bare, I have deprived her of every thing. Jerem. 2:31, הֲמִדְבָּר הָיִיתִי לְיִשְׂדָאֵל “was I a desert to Israel?” Have I commanded them to worship me for nothing? have I been barren to them? Also used of a country forcibly laid waste, Isaiah 14:17.
(3) poetically the instrument of speech (from דִּבֶּר to speak), the mouth. Song of Solomon 4:3, מִדְבָּרֵךְ נָאוֶה “thy mouth is pleasant” (parall. thy lips). LXX. λαλία. Jerome, eloquium, and so the Rabbins. But the context almost requires it to be some member, as was rightly observed by Alb. Schultens, although I do not with him understand it to be the tongue.