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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2049 - ἐρημόω

from (G2048)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to make desolate, lay waste
  2. to ruin, bring to desolation
  3. to despoil one, strip her of her treasures
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1110 ‑ בָּלַק (baw‑lak');  2717 ‑ חָרַב (khaw‑rab', khaw‑rabe');  2763 ‑ חָרַם (khaw‑ram');  3456 ‑ יָשַׁם (yaw‑sham');  4057 ‑ מִדְבָּר (mid‑bawr');  7665 ‑ שָׁבַר (shaw‑bar');  7993 ‑ שָׁלַךְ (shaw‑lak');  8045 ‑ שָׁמַד (shaw‑mad');  8074 ‑ שָׁמֵם (shaw‑mame');  8159 ‑ שָׁעָה (shaw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
NAS (9)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Revelation 5
HCS (5)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
BSB (5)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
ESV (5)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
WEB (5)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I strip bare, desolate, lay waste, ἱερὰ θεῶν Th. 3.58; τὴν χώραν And. 3.21; πλοῦτον LXX Si. 21.4; ὁ κτίζων καὶ ἐρημῶν θεός POsl. 1.105: Pass., ἐρημωθείσης Κρήτης Hdt. 7.171; πόλεις ἠρημώθησαν Th. 1.23; μιᾷ ὥρᾳ ἠρημώθη ὁ τοσοῦτος πλοῦτος Revelation 18:17.


1. bereave one of a thing, c. dupl. acc., ἐ. τινὰ εὐφροσύνας μέρος Pi. P. 3.97: c. acc. et gen., ἀνδρῶν ἐ. ἑστίαν Id. I. 4(3).17; ἐ. ναυβατῶν ἐρετμά to leave the oars without men, E. Hel. 1609; ἑαυτὸν ἐρημοῖς (sc. φίλων) Pl. Alc. 39: Pass., to be bereft of, ἀνδρῶν Hdt. 1.164; συμμάχων Id. 7.174; Μίλητος Μιλησίων ἠρήμωτο Id. 6.22; ἄρσενος θρόνου A. Ag. 260; πατρός E. Andr. 805; τὰ ἐρημούμενα φυλακῆς left without, X. Eq. Mag. 4.18.

2. set free, deliver from, Διὸς ἄλσος ἠρήμωσε λέοντος E. HF 360 (lyr.); Ἀσίαν Περσικῶν ὅπλων Plu. Cim. 12: Pass., πνεῦμα ὀσμῶν ἐρημωθέν being free from.., Pl. Ti. 66e.

III abandon, desert, ἑὸν χῶρον Pi. P. 4.269; τάξιν ἠρήμου θανών A. Pers. 298, cf. E. Andr. 314, Pl. Lg. 865e; ἐ. Συρακούσας to evacuate it, Th. 5.4; τόνδ' ἐρημώσασ' ὄχον having left it empty, by stepping out of it, A. Ag. 1070: Pass., [πόλιν] ἐρημοῦσθαι ὑπὸ τῶν πατρικίων D.H. 11.9. leave alone, keep isolated, A. Supp. 516, E. Med. 90: Pass., ὄνοι ἐρημωθέντες τοῦ ὁμίλου being isolated from.., Hdt. 4.135.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐρημόω, ἐρήμῳ: passive (present 3 person singular (cf. Buttmann, 38 (33)) ἐρημοῦται); perfect participle ἠρημωμενος; 1 aorist ἐρημωθην; (ἔρημος); from Herodotus down; the Sept. usually for חָרֵב, הֶחֱרִיב, שָׁמֵם; to make desolate, lay waste; in the N. T. only in the passive: πόλιν, Revelation 18:19; to ruin, bring to desolation: βασιλείαν, Matthew 12:25; Luke 11:17; to reduce to naught: πλοῦτον, Revelation 18:17 (16); ἠρημωμένην καί γυμνήν ποιεῖν τινα, to despoil one, strip her of her treasures, Revelation 17:16.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐρημόω , -

(< ἔρημος ),

[in LXX for H2717 hi., H8074 ni., etc.;]

to desolate, lay waste: Matthew 12:25, Luke 11:17, Revelation 17:16; Revelation 18:16; Revelation 18:19.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the use of this verb in Revelation 18:19, Boll (Offenbarung, p. 133) cites from Hellenistic astrology Catal. VII. 170, 16 and 21, ναοὶ (μεγάλοι) ἐρημωθήσονται, 171, 14 ναὸς μέγας ἐρημωθήσεται. See also OGIS 519.32 (c. A.D. 245) συνέβη. . . τὰ χωρία ἐρημοῦσθαι. The noun (as in Matthew 24:15) survives in the MGr ἐρήμωσι, ";isolation.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ερημουμένη ερημούσα ερημουται ερημούται ἐρημοῦται ερημωθείς ερημωθή ερημωθήναι ερημωθήσεται ερημωθήση ερημωθήσονται ερημωθώσι ερημώσαντές ερημώσει ερημώσω ηρημωθη ηρημώθη ἠρημώθη ηρημωμέναις ηρημωμένας ηρημωμένη ηρημωμενην ηρημωμένην ἠρημωμένην ηρημωμένης ηρημωμένον ηρημωμένων ηρήμωσα ηρήμωσαν ηρήμωται eremomenen eremoménen ērēmōmenēn ērēmōménēn eremothe eremṓthe ērēmōthē ērēmṓthē eremoutai eremoûtai erēmoutai erēmoûtai
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