the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #4058 - מָדַד
1) to measure, stretch
1a) (Qal) to measure
1b) (Niphal) to be measured
1c1) to extend, continue
1c2) to measure, measure off
1d) (Po) measured
1e) (Hithpolel) to extend oneself, stretch oneself
1280) dm (מד MD) AC: Stretch CO: Carpet AB: Continue: The pictograph m is a picture of water, the d is a picture of a tent door. Combined these mean "water at the door". A carpet was stretched out to cover the dirt floor of the tent. A bowl of water was located at the door so that one could wash his feet before stepping on the carpet. A garment as a rectangular piece of cloth, similar to a carpet, used as a covering for the body.
Nm ) dm (מד MD) - I. Carpet: II. Garment:A rectangular piece of cloth, similar to a carpet, used as clothing. III. Length:From the length of the garment, Also used as a measurement. KJV (12): garment, armour, measure, raiment, judgment, clothes - Strongs: H4055 (מֵד)
Nf1) edm (מדה MDH) - I. Garment: II. Length:From the length of the garment, also as a measurement. III. Tax:A measured amount. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (59): measure, piece, stature, size, meteyard, garment, tribute, wide, toll, tribute - Strongs: H4060 (מִדָּה), H4061 (מִדָּה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳מ (מָדָ֑ד) Isaiah 40:12 9t. Ezekiel; suffix מְדָדוֺ Ezekiel 42:15,20; 1 singular וּמַדֹּתִ֫י Isaiah 65:7; וּמָֽדְדוּ consecutive Deuteronomy 21:2; Ezekiel 43:10; וּמַדֹּתֶם consecutive Numbers 35:5; Imperfect וַיָּ֫מָד Ruth 3:15 22t. Ezekiel; 2 masculine singular תָּמוֺד Ezekiel 45:3; וַיָּמֹ֫דּוּ Exodus 16:18; תָּמֹ֫דּוּ Ezekiel 47:18; Infinitive לָמֹד Zechariah 2:6; — measure, chiefly literal (usually followed by accusative of thing; object omitted Exodus 16:18; Deuteronomy 21:2; Ezekiel 40:35, compare Ezekiel 47:18 (but see Co); followed by accusative of measure Ruth 3:15; Ezekiel 42:19; Ezekiel 47:3,4 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 47:5); —
1 measure of length, distance Numbers 35:5 (P), Deuteronomy 21:2 (D), Ezekiel 40:5,6,8,20 32t. Ezekiel 40-47 Zechariah 2:6.
2 of dry measure Exodus 16:18 (P), Ruth 3:15.
3 figurative of measuring waters Isaiah 40:12 (of ׳י); of requital Isaiah 65:7.
Niph`al Imperfect יִמַּד Hosea 2:1; Jeremiah 33:22; יִמַּדּוּ Jeremiah 31:37; — be measured, of sand of sea Hosea 2:1; Jeremiah 33:22; of heavens Jeremiah 31:37.
Pi`el Perfect וּמִדַּדֿ consecutive Job 7:4 (compare Ges§ 52. 2. R. l); Imperfect וַיְמַדֵּד 2 Samuel 8:2; וַיְמַדְּדֵם 2 Samuel 8:2; אֲמַדֵּד Psalm 60:8; Psalm 108:8; —
1 extend, continue (= make extent or continuation), subject עֶרֶב Job 7:4.
2 measure, measure off, בַחֶבֶל, of apportioning Moabites to death and life, followed by suffix 2 Samuel 8:2; also object חֲבָלִים 2 Samuel 8:2; metaphor of conquest, followed by accusative, Psalm 60:8 = Psalm 108:8 ("" חִלֵּק).
Po. Imperfect וַיְמֹ֫דֶד Habakkuk 3:6 (subject God, object אֶרֶץ), measured (namely, with eye) ᵑ9 Hi AV Revelation , but dubious; ᵐ5 ἐσαλεύθη, ᵑ7אֲזִיעַ, hence shook Ew Ke Or and others (from √ [מוֺד =] מוֺט, but read then rather וַיְמֹטֵט, although מוט not elsewhere in this conjugation; We, plausibly, וַיְמֹגֵג √ מוג, compare Nahum 1:5).
Hithpo`elוַיִּתְמֹדֵד followed by עַלהַֿיֶ֫לֶד; 1 Kings 17:21 measured (= extended, stretched) himself upon the boy.
מָדַד plur. מָדְֽדוּ, twice contr. מַדּוֹתִי Isaiah 65:7, and מַדּוֹתֶם Numbers 35:5 inf. מֹד Zechariah 2:6 fut. יָמוֹד [with ו conv. וַיָּמָנ].
(1) i.q. مَدَّ to stretch out, to extend, see Hithpoel and the nouns מַד, מִדָּה, also מָדָה.
(2) to measure (Sanscrit mâ, mâd, to measure, Zend. meêtê, matê, Gr. μέτρον, μέδιμνος, Lat. metior, meta; Goth. mitan, Anglo-Sax. metan, Germ. meffen). Properly to measure the length of any thing with a line stretched out, Ezekiel 40:5, seq.; 41:1, seq.; hence also used of measures of quantity, as of corn, Ruth 3:15. Metaphorically Isaiah 65:7, “I will measure their deeds into their bosom,” i.e. I will repay to them what they deserve.
Niphal, pass. of No. 2, Jeremiah 31:37, 33:22.
Piel, fut. [see מִדַּד ] יְמַדֵּד i.q. Kal No. 2, 2 Samuel 8:2. Psalms 60:8, “I will mete out the valley of Succoth,” i.e. I will measure it to my victorious soldiers, who shall be the new settlers therein.
Poel מוֹדֵד id. Here some refer Habakkuk 3:6, “(God) measures the earth with his eyes,” surveys it. But LXX. and Chald. render it, he shaketh the earth, from מוּד, Arab. Med. Ye, to be moved.
Hithpoel, הִתְמֹדֵד to stretch oneself out, 1 Kings 17:21.
Derivatives, מֵמַד, מַד, מִדָּה [and pr.n. מִדִּין].
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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