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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #03499 - יֶתֶר
1) remainder, excess, rest, remnant, excellence
1a) remainder, remnant
1b) remainder, rest, other part
1d) abundantly (adverb)
1e) abundance, affluence
1f) superiority, excellency
1480) rs (סהר ShR) AC: Tie CO: Cord AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure, the r is a picture of the head representing the top or beginning. Combined these mean "press the beginning". Ropes and cords were usually made of bark strips such as from the cedar or from the sinew (tendon) of an animal. The rope is made by twisting two fibers together. A single fiber is attached to a fixed point (top) , and the two ends of the fiber are brought together. One fiber is twisted in a clockwise direction and wrapped over the other fiber in counter clockwise direction. The second fiber is then twisted in clockwise direction then wrapped around the first fiber in a counter clockwise direction. The process is repeated through the length of the rope. The twisting of the fibers in opposite directions causes the fibers to lock (press) onto each other making a stronger rope. The rope is used to tightly secure or support something, such as a load to a cart or the poles of the tent.
efjm/f ) nfiris (סהיריונ ShYRYWN) - Harness: An armor made from tightly wound cords of leather. KJV (11): habergeon, coat, harness, breastplate, brigadine - Strongs: H5630 (סִרְיוֹן), H8302 (שִׁרְיֹנָה)
Nm) rsa (אסהר AShR) - I. Happy:One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. II. Which:Or who, what or that. As a rope attaches two objects together, this word links the action of the sentence to the one doing the action. [The short form " s " is used as a prefix meaning "who" or "which"] KJV (156): blessed, happy, which, wherewith, because, when, soon, as, that, until much, whosoever, whom, whose - Strongs: H834 (אֲשֶׁר), H835 (אֶשֶׁר)
Nm) ras (סהאר ShAR) - I. Remnant:What is left behind. II. Kin:A near relative of another tribe. KJV (54): flesh, kinswoman, food, near, nigh, kin, body, kinsman, remnant, rest, residue, other - Strongs: H7605 (שְׁאָר), H7606 (שְׁאָר), H7607 (שְׁאֵר)
V) ers (סהרה ShRH) - Loose: To untie something or to let something go. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Piel) loose, dissolve, dwell, began - Strongs: H8271 (שְׁרָא), H8281 (שָׁרָה), H8293 (שֵׁרוּת)
V) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Caravan:To travel as a group of merchants with loads. II. See:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Participle) went, sing, behold, see, look, observe, wait, regard, perceive - Strongs: H7788 (שׁוּר), H7789 (שׁוּר)
Nm) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Ox:Used for pulling heavy loads. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Wall:As tied around a city. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Enemy:As one who is to be tied up. KJV (93): ox, bullock, cow, bull, enemy, wall - Strongs: H7790 (שׁוּר), H7791 (שׁוּרָה), H7792 (שׁוּר), H7794 (שׁוֹר), H8450 (תּוֹר)
L) rsi (יסהר YShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: A tight rope is straight. A righteous one is one who is straight and firmly holds up truth just as the cord is straight and firmly holds the wall of the tent upright.
V) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Straight:To be in a straight line, path or thought. II. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (134): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel, Participle) please, straight, direct, right, well, fit, good, meet, upright, remain, leave, rest, remainder, remnant, reserve, residue, plenteous, behind, excel, preserve - Strongs: H3474 (יָשַׁר), H3498 (יָתַר)
Nm ) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Cord:The cord of the bow. [df: rty]II. Straight:A straight line, path or thought. III. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (220): cord, string, right, upright, righteous, straight, convenient, equity, just, meet, well, rest, remnant, residue, leave, excellency, exceeding, excellent, plentifully - Strongs: H3477 (יָשָׁר), H3499 (יֶתֶר)
km) rsim (מיסהר MYShR) - I. Cord: II. Straight:What is straight. [df: rtym] KJV (28): cord, string, equity, uprightly, uprightness, right, agreement, aright, equal, sweetly - Strongs: H4339 (מֵישָׁרִים), H4340 (מֵיתָר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
a. remainder, remnant (with implied inferiority in number or quality), of crops, etc. יִתְרָם Exodus 23:11 (JE), their remnant, i.e. what they (the enemy) leave, so יֶתֶר הַגָּזָם Joel 1:4; יֶתֶר הָאַרְבֶּה Joel 1:4; יֶתֶר הַיֶּלֶק Joel 1:4; יֶתֶר הַמְּלֵטָההַנִּשְׁאֶרֶת Exodus 10:5 (J); of vessels, יֶתֶר הַכֵּלִים הַנּוֺתָרִים Jeremiah 27:19; of a tree Isaiah 44:19 (= שְׁאֵרִית Isaiah 44:17); elsewhere of person Deuteronomy 3:11 = Joshua 12:4; Joshua 3:12 (both D), Deuteronomy 28:54; Joshua 23:12 (D), 2 Samuel 21:2; 2 Kings 25:11 = Jeremiah 52:15; Ezekiel 34:18; of a rescued remnant of Israel (Judah) Micah 5:2; Zephaniah 2:9 ("" שְׁאֵרִית), Zechariah 14:2; יֶתֶר הַקָּדֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁאַר 1 Kings 22:47; יֶתֶר הָעָם הַנִּשְׁאָרִים Jeremiah 36:9 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 25:11 = Jeremiah 52:15 .
b. remainder, rest, other part of people, elders, etc., 2 Samuel 10:10 = 1 Chronicles 19:11; 2 Samuel 12:28; 1 Kings 12:23; Jeremiah 29:1; Habakkuk 2:8; Ezekiel 48:23; sometimes including a majority Judges 7:6; 1 Samuel 13:2; of common people (opposed to rulers) Nehemiah 2:16; Nehemiah 4:8; Nehemiah 4:13; compare Nehemiah 6:1; of land Deuteronomy 3:13; Joshua 13:27 (P); of other inanimate things Leviticus 14:17 (P), Numbers 31:32 ( id.), of years Isaiah 38:10; elsewhere in phrase יֶחֶר דִּבְרֵי the rest of the affairs of, in summaries of reigns of kings of Israel and Judah 1 Kings 11:41 41t. Kings Chronicles; יֶתֶר כָּלדִּֿבְרֵי 1 Kings 15:23; יֶתֶר דְּבָרָיו 2 Chronicles 28:26.
2. a. excess, שְׂפַת יָ֑תֶר Proverbs 17:7 a lip of excess = arrogant speech (see VB).
b. in adverb phrases, עַל יֶתֶר Psalm 31:24 on the basis of abundance = abundantly, as adverb accusative גָּדוֺל יֶתֶר מְאֹד Isaiah 56:12 great, in abundance, exceedingly, Daniel 8:9 וַתִּגְדַּליֶֿתֶר and grew great in excess, exceedingly (compare much, more than).
c. specifically what is over and above immediate necessities, abundance, affluence Job 22:20; Psalm 17:14.
3 superiority, excellency יֶתֶר שְׂאֵת וְיֶתֶר עָ֫ז Genesis 49:3. — On Job 4:1 see II. יֶתֶר.
II. יֶ֫תֶר noun masculine Judges 16:7 cord (properly as hanging over or down; Aramaic יַתְרָא part of the intestines, ᵑ7יְתָרַיָּא ropes, cord, rope, chord of arc; Arabic bow- string, lute- string; Ethiopic sinew, cord; stretch bowstring, strain (eyes), be intent, eager, etc.) — יֶתֶ֑ר Psalm 11:2 3t.; suffix יִתְרוֺ Kt Job 30:11 (יִתְרִי Qr); יִתְרָם Job 4:21; — cord, for binding a man Judges 16:7,8,9; bowstring Psalm 11:2; Job 30:11 (according to Qr, opposed to Job 29:20 b; Kt = his cord, with which he reins in my assailants; compare Di Da). Job 4:21 tent-cord Ew De Di RV; yet read perhaps יְתֵדָם their tent-peg, so Ol Hi Sgfr ( > AV their excellency, from I. יֶתֶר).
יֶתֶר with suff. יִתְרוֹ m.
(1) a cord, a rope, prop. something hanging over, redundant, so called from hanging over, hanging down; see the root No.1. (Arab. وَتَرُ id. a bow string, harp string), Jud. 167 Judges 16:7, seq. Specially
(a) used of the cords which in pitching a tent fasten the curtains to the stakes. Metaph. Job 4:21, נִסַּע יִתְרָם בָּם “their cords are torn away,” their tents are removed, i.e. they die (comp. the metaphor of a tent, verse 19 Job 4:19; Isaiah 38:12).
(b) of the string of a bow, Psalms 11:2.
(c) of a cord used as a bridle; Job 30:11 כתיב, יִתְרוֹ פִתַּח “he looses his bridle,” or coll. “they loose their bridle,” i.e. they are unbridled, unrestrained; קרי, יִתְרִי they loose my bridle, i.e. the rein which I put on them, or the reverence owed to me.
(2) abundance, Psalms 17:14; Job 22:20 adv. abundantly, very, Isaiah 56:12; Daniel 8:9 עַל יֶתֶר abundantly, enough and more, Psalms 31:24.
(3) remainder, rest, residue; יֶתֶר הָעָם the rest of the people, Judges 7:6; 2 Samuel 10:10, יֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי שׁ׳ the rest of the acts of Solomon, 1 Kings 11:41 compare 1 Kings 14:19. But Joel 1:4, יֶתֶר הָאַרְבֶּה “that which the locust has left.”
(4) that which exceeds measure or limit, whence adv. besides (i.q. יוֹתֵר 2, c); hence eminence, excellence, Proverbs 17:7. Concr. that which is excellent, or first, Genesis 49:3.
(5) [Jether, Jethro], pr.n. m.
(a) Judges 8:20.
(b) 1 Chronicles 2:32.
(c) 1 Chronicles 4:17.
(d) 1 Chronicles 7:38, for which there is יִתְרָן verse 37 1 Chronicles 7:37.
(e) the father-in-law of Moses, elsewhere called יִתְרוֹ Exodus 4:18.
(f) 1 Kings 2:5, for which there is יִתְרָא 2 Samuel 17:26. Patron. יִתְרִי 2 Samuel 23:38.