the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02603 - חָנַן
1) to be gracious, show favour, pity
1a) (Qal) to show favour, be gracious
1b) (Niphal) to be pitied
1c) (Piel) to make gracious, make favourable, be gracious
1d) (Poel) to direct favour to, have mercy on
1e) (Hophal) to be shown favour, be shown consideration
1f) (Hithpael) to seek favour, implore favour
2) to be loathsome
1175) nh (ההנ HhN) AC: Camp CO: Camp AB: Beauty: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall. The n is a picture of a seed meaning "to continue". Combined these mean "wall continues". A nomads camp consisted of many family tents, which make up the clan camp. The camp can have as many as fifty tents or more in it. The tents are placed in a circular configuration, forming one continuous wall surrounding the camp. (eng: home - an exchange for the m and n)
A) nh (ההנ HhN) AC: ? CO: Camp AB: Beauty: Within this wall is the family clan, a place of freedom, compassion and beauty. An encampment of tents. The tent is supported by the poles.
Nm) nh (ההנ HhN) - Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. KJV (69): grace, favour, gracious, pleasant, precious - Strongs: H2580 (חֵן)
Nf3) tfnh (ההנות HhNWT) - Room: As surrounded by walls. KJV (1): cabin - Strongs: H2588 (חָנוּת)
Nf4) tinh (ההנית HhNYT) - Sp |kjv: spear, javelin - Strongs: H2595 (חֲנִית)
if1 ) enht (תההנה THhNH) - I. Beauty:As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. II. Supplication:KJV (25): supplication, favour, grace - Strongs: H8467 (תְּחִנָּה)
if1) enht (תההנה THhNH) - Camp: KJV (1): camp - Strongs: H8466 (תַּחֲנָה)
pm) mnh (ההנמ HhNM) - Freely: To work or do an action without wages or without cause. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (32): without cause, for nought, causeless, in vain, free, without cost, freely, innocent, cost me nothing, for nothing, without wages - Strongs: H2600 (חִנָּם)
B) nnh (ההננ HhNN) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Compassion: Within this wall is the family clan, a place of freedom, compassion and beauty. An encampment of tents.
V) nnh (ההננ HhNN) - Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. KJV (82): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) mercy, gracious, merciful, supplication, favour, besought, pity - Strongs: H2589 (חַנּוֹת), H2603 (חָנַן), H2604 (חֲנַן)
bf) ninh (ההנינ HhNYN) - Compassion: KJV (1): favour - Strongs: H2594 (חֲנִינָה)
dm) nfnh (ההנונ HhNWN) - Compassion: KJV (13): gracious - Strongs: H2587 (חַנּוּן)
idm) nfnht (תההנונ THhNWN) - Supplication: KJV (18): supplications, intreaties - Strongs: H8469 (תַּחֲנוּנָה)
H) enh (ההנה HhNH) AC: ? CO: Camp AB: ?: The first step to setting up the tent is to arrange the poles. The tent poles were sharpened at one end (and could be used as a weapon) and were driven into the ground. An encampment of tents.
V) enh (ההנה HhNH) - Camp: To stop for the night and pitch the tents. KJV (143): (vf: Paal) pitch, encamp, camp, abide, dwelt, lie, rest - Strongs: H2583 (חָנָה)
am) enhm (מההנה MHhNH) - Camp: The inhabitants of a camp. KJV (216): camp, host, company, tent, army, band, battle, drove - Strongs: H4264 (מַחֲנֶה)
M) nih (ההינ HhYN) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another.
Nm) nih (ההינ HhYN) - Beauty: KJV (1): comely - Strongs: H2433 (חִין)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect חָנַן Genesis 33:5; suffix חַנַּ֫נִי Genesis 33:11; יְ֯חַנַּנִי 2 Samuel 12:22; חַנֹּתִי Exodus 33:19; חָנָ֑נוּ Lamentations 4:16; Imperfect יֶחֱנַן Amos 5:15; יָחֹן Deuteronomy 28:50; וַיָּ֫חָן 2 Kings 13:23; suffix יָחְנְךָ Genesis 43:29; Isaiah 30:19; וִיחֻנֶּךָָ Numbers 6:25; יְחֻנֶּנּוּ Isaiah 27:11; Job 33:24; יְחָנֵּנוּ Psalm 67:2; Psalm 123:2; Malachi 1:9; תָּחֹן Psalm 59:6; suffix תְּחָנֵּם Deuteronomy 7:2; אָחֹן Exodus 33:19; Imperative suffix חָנֵּנִי Psalm 4:2 17t. Psalm; חָנְנֵנִי Psalm 9:14 (Baer pts. חַנְנֵנִי); חָנֵּנוּ Isaiah 33:2; Psalm 123:3 (twice in verse); חָנּוּנוּ Judges 21:22; חָנּנִֻי Job 19:21 (twice in verse); Infinitive absolute חָנוֺן Isaiah 30:19; construct חַנּוֺת Psalm 77:10; חֶנְנָהּ Psalm 102:14; חֲנַנְכֶם Isaiah 30:18; Participle חֹנֵן Proverbs 14:31; חוֺנֵן Psalm 37:21 5t. Psalm , Proverbs — favour, shew favour; 1 of man:
a. Judges 21:22 favour us with them (2accusative; i.e. by giving them to us).
b. in dealing with the poor, needy, and orphans, absolute Psalm 37:21; Psalm 37:26 = Psalm 112:5; with accusative Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 19:17; Proverbs 28:8;
c.לְ Psalm 109:12.
c. by considering and sparing, with accusative Deuteronomy 7:2; Deuteronomy 28:50; Lamentations 4:16; Job 19:21 (twice in verse).
2 of God,
a. in the bestowal of favours, with accusative Genesis 33:11 (E), Genesis 43:29 (J), Numbers 6:25 (P), 2 Samuel 12:22; double accusative Genesis 33:5 (E), תּוֺרָֽתְךָ חָנֵּנִי be gracious unto me (in giving) thy law Psalm 119:29.
b. usually in the bestowal of redemption from enemies, evils, and sins; absolute Psalm 77:10, elsewhere with accusative Exodus 33:19 (twice in verse) (JE), Amos 5:15; 2 Kings 13:23; Isaiah 27:11; Isaiah 30:18,19 (twice in verse); Isaiah 33:2; Malachi 1:9; Psalm 4:2; Psalm 6:3; Psalm 9:14; Psalm 25:16; Psalm 26:11; Psalm 27:7; Psalm 30:11; Psalm 31:10; Psalm 41:5; Psalm 41:11; Psalm 51:3; Psalm 56:2; Psalm 57:2 (twice in verse); Psalm 59:6; Psalm 67:2; Psalm 86:3; Psalm 86:16; Psalm 102:14; Psalm 119:58; Psalm 119:132; Psalm 123:2; Psalm 123:3 (twice in verse); Job 33:24. — Job 19:17 see II. חנן
Niph`al Perfect 2 feminine singular נֵחַנְתְּ Jeremiah 22:23 be pitied (compare נֵאַר √ארר) but ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9 express groan (i.e. נֶאֱנַחְתְּ), which is favoured by context, and adopted by Hi Ew Gf Gie and others
Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular make gracious, favourable כִּייְֿחַנֵּן קוֺלוֺ Proverbs 26:25.
Poe`l Imperfect 3 masculine singular direct favour to (Ges§ 55, 1) וְאֶתעֲֿפָרָהּ יְחֹנֵנוּ Psalm 102:15; Participle מְחוֺנֵן עֲנָיִ֯ים Proverbs 14:21.
Hoph`al Imperfect יֻחַן be shewn favour, consideration Isaiah 26:10; Proverbs 21:10.
Hithpa`el Perfect 2 masculine singular הִתְחַנַּנְתָּה 1 Kings 9:3 5t. Perfect; Imperfect וַיִּתְחַנֵּן 2 Kings 1:13; וַתִּתְחַנֶּןֿ Esther 8:3; אֶתְחַנָּ֑ן Psalm 30:9 #NAME?t. Imperfect; Infinitive לְהִתְחֶנֶּןֿ Esther 4:8; בְּהִתְחַנְנוֺ Genesis 42:21 — seek or implore favour:
1 of man, with אֶל Genesis 42:21 (E) 2 Kings 1:13; with לְ Job 19:16; Esther 4:8; Esther 8:3.
2 of God, with אֶלֿ Deuteronomy 3:23; 1 Kings 8:33,47 2 Chronicles 6:37; Job 8:5; Psalm 30:9; Psalm 142:2; with לְ Hosea 12:5; Job 9:15; with לפני 1 Kings 8:59; 1 Kings 9:3; 2 Chronicles 6:24.
II. [חָנַן] be loathsome (compare Arabic x. foetorem emisit (puteus); Syriac rancid); — only וְחַנֹּתִ֫י לִבְנֵי בִטְנִי Job 19:17 and I am loath-some to the sons of my womb ("" זָרָה see II. זור), so RVm Ew De Di and others (On the tone see De.)
[חֲנַן] verb shew favour (see Biblical Hebrew); —
Pa`el Infinitive with aff. person מִחַן (K§ K:46,3 a) Daniel 4:24 (compare Biblical Hebrew
Po`. Proverbs 14:21).
Hithpa. implore favour (of God; so Biblical Hebrew Hithpa`el), Participle מִתְחַנֵּן Daniel 6:12.
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חָנַן fut. יָחֹן and like regular verbs יֶחֱנַן Amos 5:15 the former with suffix יְחָנֵּנוּ Psalms 67:2, 123:2 יְחֻנֶּנּוּ Isaiah 27:11 but with suffix 2 pers. יָחְנְךָ for יְחָנְךָ Genesis 43:29; Isaiah 30:19 inf. absol. חָנוֹן Isa. loc. cit., constr. with suff. חֲנַנְכֶם Isaiah 30:18, with חֶנְנֶהּ Psalms 102:14.
(1) to be inclined towards (compare the kindred חָנָה), hence to be favourably inclined, to favour some one, to be gracious to, to pity. (Arab. حَنَّ to feel desire, or commiseration towards any one; followed by الى, على Followed by an acc., Exodus 33:19; Lamentations 4:16; Proverbs 14:31. חָנֵּנִי, חָנֵּנוּ (once חָנְנֵנִי Psalms 9:14), have mercy on me, on us; Psalms 4:2, 6:3 31:10.
(2) to give some one anything graciously, followed by two acc. of pers. and thing, Genesis 33:5; Psalms 119:29; Judges 21:22 acc. of pers., Proverbs 19:17 absol. Psalms 37:21, 26 Psalms 37:26. As to Job 19:17, see חַנָּה No. 2.
Niphal נֵחַן (of the form נֵאַר from the root אָרַר, נֵחַם from the root חָמַם; see Lehrgeb. p. 371), to be compassionated, to be an object of pity, Jeremiah 22:23 pass. of Poel No. 2.
Piel, to make acceptable (compare חֵן, חִין), Proverbs 26:25.
(1) i.q. Kal No. 2, Proverbs 14:21.
(2) to compassionate, to lament for, Psalms 102:15.
Hophal, to receive favour, to be favoured, i.q. מָצָא חֵן Witleid, Gnade finden, Proverbs 21:10; Isaiah 26:10.
Hithpael, to intreat for mercy, followed by לְ of pers., Esther 4:8; Job 19:16, אֶל 1 Kings 8:33, 47 1 Kings 8:47; Job 8:5; Psalms 30:9, and לִפְנֵי 1 Kings 8:59, 9:3 2 Chronicles 6:24.
Derivatives (besides those immediately following), חֵן, חִין, חַנָּה, חַנּוּן, חֲנִינָה, חִנָּם, תְּחִנָּה, תַּחֲנוּנִים, and the pr.n. חָנוּן, חַנִּיאֵל, יְחוֹחָנָן [and חֵנָדָד, חַנָּתֹן].
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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