the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2583 - חָנָה
1) to decline, incline, encamp, bend down, lay siege against
1a1) to decline
1a2) to encamp
1175) nh (ההנ HhN) AC: Camp CO: Camp AB: Beauty: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall. The n is a picture of a seed meaning "to continue". Combined these mean "wall continues". A nomads camp consisted of many family tents, which make up the clan camp. The camp can have as many as fifty tents or more in it. The tents are placed in a circular configuration, forming one continuous wall surrounding the camp. (eng: home - an exchange for the m and n)
pm) mnh (ההנמ HhNM) - Freely: To work or do an action without wages or without cause. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (32): without cause, for nought, causeless, in vain, free, without cost, freely, innocent, cost me nothing, for nothing, without wages - Strongs: H2600 (חִנָּם)
V) nnh (ההננ HhNN) - Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. KJV (82): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) mercy, gracious, merciful, supplication, favour, besought, pity - Strongs: H2589 (חַנּוֹת), H2603 (חָנַן), H2604 (חֲנַן)
H) enh (ההנה HhNH) AC: ? CO: Camp AB: ?: The first step to setting up the tent is to arrange the poles. The tent poles were sharpened at one end (and could be used as a weapon) and were driven into the ground. An encampment of tents.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect חָנָה 1 Samuel 26:5; Isaiah 29:1; וְחָנִ֫יתִי consecutive Isaiah 29:3; Zechariah 9:8; חָנוּ Numbers 2:34 2t.; וְחָנוּ consecutive Numbers 1:52; Imperfect וַיִּחַן Genesis 26:17 9t.; 3 feminine singular תַּחֲנֶה Psalm 27:3; יַחֲנוּ Numbers 1:50 13t. Numbers + Exodus 14:2: וַיַּחֲנוּ Exodus 13:26 79t. (of which 42in Numbers 33); וַיַּחֲנוּן Judges 11:18; 2 masculine plural תַּחֲנוּ Exodus 14:2; 1 plural וַנַּחֲנֶה Ezra 8:15; Imperative חֲנֵה 2 Samuel 12:28; חֲנוּ Numbers 31:19; Jeremiah 50:29; Infinitive חֲנוֺת Judges 19:9; חֲנֹת Numbers 1:51; suffix חֲנֹתֵנוּ Numbers 10:31; חֲנֹתְכֶם Deuteronomy 1:33; Participle חֹנֶה Exodus 18:5; Psalm 34:8; feminine חֹנָה 2 Samuel 23:13; 1 Chronicles 11:15; חֹנָ֑ךְ Psalm 53:6; plural חֹנִים Exodus 14:9 11t.; חוֺנִים Numbers 2:2; Nahum 3:17; —
1 decline, of day drawing to its close חֲנוֺת הַיּוֺם Judges 19:9 ("" ׳רָפָה הַיּלַעֲרוֺב; also ׳נְטוֺת הַיּ V:8; הַיּוֺם רַד מְאֹד Judges 19:11).
2 encamp (properly verge toward, incline to, settle at, of goal of day's march): —
a. of single nomad Genesis 26:17 (J; followed by ב), Genesis 33:18 (E; followed by אֶתפֿני).
b. of Israel at Exodus and in wilderness Exodus 13:20 (ב) Exodus 14:2 (לִפְנֵי), Exodus 14:2 (עַל), + approximately 80t. (Hexateuch chiefly P); also (absolute) Numbers 9:18,20,22,23compare Ezra 8:15; Nehemiah 11:30 so they encamped (i.e. settled, or were settled) from Beersheba to the valley of Hinnom ("" ישׁבו Nehemiah 11:25).
c. of armies: (1) Israel (conquering Canaan, etc.) Joshua 4:19; Joshua 5:10 + often; (2) Philistines 1 Samuel 4:1; 1 Samuel 13:16; 2 Samuel 23:23 +; usually followed by ב location Numbers 10:31; 1 Samuel 4:1; 1 Samuel 13:16; Joshua 4:19; 1 Samuel 13:5 + 63t. (וַיַּחֲנוּ בְ 2 Samuel 24:5 read וַיָּחֵלּוּ מִןᵐ5 L We Dr see חלל); so of locusts in hedges (in simile) Nahum 3:17; also followed by עַל = by, near Exodus 14:2,9; Exodus 15:27; Numbers 1:52; Numbers 2:2,5,12,27; Numbers 3:29,35 (על ירך), Numbers 33:10; Judges 7:1; 1 Samuel 4:1; עלפֿני השׂדה (על in different sense) 2 Samuel 11:11; followed by עַל also = against, encamp with hostile purpose Joshua 10:5,31,34; Judges 6:4; Judges 20:19; 1 Samuel 11:1; 2 Samuel 12:28; 1 Kings 16:15; 2 Kings 25:1; 2 Chronicles 32:1; Jeremiah 50:29; Jeremiah 52:4; Psalm 27:3; followed by אֶלֿ in same sense Joshua 11:5; metaphor of God's hostility to apostate Jerusalem (על) Isaiah 29:3; followed by also לְ = at, by Numbers 2:34; Zechariah 9:8; אשׁרשָׁ֗֗֗ם Exodus 18:5; 1 Samuel 26:5; followed by סביב לְ for protection Numbers 1:50,53, compare metaphor Psalm 34:8, but also hostility Job 19:12; also follwed by other prepositions and prepositional phrases, e.g. מֵעֵבֶר Numbers 21:13; מחוץ Numbers 31:19; בין 1 Samuel 17:1; נגד 1 Kings 20:27 etc.; followed by accusative of location 2 Samuel 17:26; followed by suffix accusative with hostile sense חֹנָ֑ךָ Psalm 53:6; without preposition or noun following, in sense of encamp, be or abide in encampment Numbers 9:18,20,22,23; Ezra 8:15; 2 Samuel 11:11 +; poetic of David in Jerusalem, Isaiah 29:1 city in which David fixed his camp.
חָנָה fut. יַחֲנֶה, apoc. וַיִּחַן
(1) to bow down, to incline (to decline). (Kindred roots are חָנַן, עָנָח. Arab. حنا to bend, to incline; metaph. to be inclined to any thing; compare חָפֵץ.) Judges 19:9, הִנֵּה חֲנוֹת הַיּוֹם “behold the inclining of the day,” the day already declining. Hence חֲנִית a spear, from its flexibility.
(2) to set oneself down, to pitch one’s tent, Genesis 26:17 to encamp, Exodus 13:20, 17:1 19:2. Numbers 1:50, בַּחֲנוֹת הַמִּשְׁכָּן “where the tabernacle is let down,” i.e. is pitched.
(a) followed by עַל to encamp against any person or city; hence to besiege, Psalms 27:3; 2 Samuel 12:28; Isaiah 29:3. Followed by an acc. id. Psalms 53:6.
(b) to defend any thing, followed by לְ Zechariah 9:8 compare Psalms 34:8.
(3) to inhabit, Isaiah 29:1.
Derivatives, חָנוּת, חֲנִית, מַחֲנֶה, תַּחֲנוֹת pr.n. תַּחַן.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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