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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2600 - חִנָּם
1) freely, for nothing, without cause
1a) gratis, gratuitously, for nothing
1b) for no purpose, in vain
1c) gratuitously, without cause, undeservedly
1175) nh (ההנ HhN) AC: Camp CO: Camp AB: Beauty: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall. The n is a picture of a seed meaning "to continue". Combined these mean "wall continues". A nomads camp consisted of many family tents, which make up the clan camp. The camp can have as many as fifty tents or more in it. The tents are placed in a circular configuration, forming one continuous wall surrounding the camp. (eng: home - an exchange for the m and n)
pm) mnh (ההנמ HhNM) - Freely: To work or do an action without wages or without cause. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (32): without cause, for nought, causeless, in vain, free, without cost, freely, innocent, cost me nothing, for nothing, without wages - Strongs: H2600 (חִנָּם)
V) nnh (ההננ HhNN) - Beauty: As the beauty of the camp. To give or show beauty, grace or mercy to another. KJV (82): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) mercy, gracious, merciful, supplication, favour, besought, pity - Strongs: H2589 (חַנּוֹת), H2603 (חָנַן), H2604 (חֲנַן)
H) enh (ההנה HhNH) AC: ? CO: Camp AB: ?: The first step to setting up the tent is to arrange the poles. The tent poles were sharpened at one end (and could be used as a weapon) and were driven into the ground. An encampment of tents.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חִנָּם adv. (from חֵן the syllable ־ָם, with which adverbs are formed)
(1) gratis, gratuitously, for nothing, Genesis 29:15; Exodus 21:2; 2 Samuel 24:24 without reward, Job 1:9.
(2) in vain, Proverbs 1:17 more fully אֶל־חִנָּם (Germ. für umfonft), Ezekiel 6:10. Compare δωρεάν, N. Test. gratis, in vain, and frustra, in Plautus, for gratis.
(3) without cause, rashly, undeservedly. Job 2:3, 9:17 Psalms 35:7; 1 Kings 2:31, דְּמֵי־חִנָּם innocent blood; Proverbs 26:2 compare Lehrgeb. p. 827.
[“חָנַם an unused and doubtful root, whence the two following words.”]
the Fourth Week after Epiphany