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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #02428 - חַיִל
1) strength, might, efficiency, wealth, army
1b) ability, efficiency
1d) force, army
1173) lh (ההל HhL) AC: Bore CO: Hole AB: Pain: A hole is drilled with a tool called a bow drill. The string of the bow is wrapped around the drill. By moving the bow back and forth, and firmly pressing down, the drill spins around drilling the hole. (eng: hole; hollow)
if1) elht (תההלה THhLH) - Begin: The spot to be drilled is first scored to make an indentation to accept the drill and the beginning of the drilling is the most difficult as the drill can easily slip out. KJV (22): beginning, first, begin - Strongs: H8462 (תְּחִלָּה)
V) llh (ההלל HhLL) - I. Pierce: II. Begin:The spot to be drilled is first scored to make an indentation to accept the drill and the beginning of the drilling is the most difficult as the drill can easily slip out. III. Common:To make something common that is meant to be set apart for a special function. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (141): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Piel) begin, profane, pollute, defile, break, wound, eat, slay - Strongs: H2490 (חָלַל)
V) elh (ההלה HhLH) - I. Sick: II. Beseech:To request intervention from a sickness or other trouble. KJV (75): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) sick, beseech, weak, grievous, diseased, wounded, pray, intreat, grief, grieved, sore, pain, infirmity - Strongs: H2470 (חָלָה)
V) lfh (ההול HhWL) - Twist: A twisting in pain or joy. [df: lyx] KJV (62): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) pain, formed, bring forth, tremble, travail, dance, calve, grieve, wound, shake - Strongs: H2342 (חוּל)
Nm) lih (ההיל HhYL) - I. Wall:What is bored through by the enemy to enter a city. II. Army:What bores through the wall. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Pain:A spinning or piercing pain. IV. Power:The strength and wealth of a person or army. KJV (267): wall, rampart, host, trench, poor, bulwark, army, pain, pang, sorrow, man of valour, host, force, valiant, strength, wealth, power, substance, might, strong - Strongs: H2426 (חֵל), H2427 (חִילָה), H2428 (חַיִל), H2429 (חַיִל)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חַיִל m. constr. חֵיל, with suff. חֵילִי pl. חֲיָלִים (see חוּל No. 6 ), strength, power, might (especially warlike), valour, Psal. 18:33, 40 Psalms 18:40, 33:16. עָשָׂה חַיִל to shew oneself strong, to display valour, Numbers 24:18 Ps. 60:14 108:14. Hence
(2) forces, a host, Exodus 14:28. שַׂר הַחַיִל leader of the army, 2 Samuel 24:2. בְּנֵי חַיִל, אַנְשֵׁי soldiers, Deuteronomy 3:18; 1 Samuel 14:52; Psalms 110:3, בְּיוֹם חֵילֶךָ “in the day of thy warfare,” i.e. of thy warlike expedition; [that is, the day of the sending of the rod of Messiah’s strength out of Zion, when he rules in the midst of his enemies, and strikes through kings in the day of his wrath].
(3) ability, hence wealth, riches, Genesis 34:29; Job 20:15. עָשָׂה חַיִל to acquire wealth; Deuteronomy 8:17, 18 Ruth 4:11; Proverbs 31:29.
(4) virtue, uprightness, integrity, also fitness. אַנְשֵׁי חַיִל men of capacity, Genesis 47:6; Exodus 18:21, 25 Exodus 18:25. אֵשֶׁת חַיִל a virtuous woman, Ruth 3:11; Proverbs 12:4, 31:10. בֶּן חַיִל an honest, or upright man, 1 Kings 1:52.
(5) the strength of a tree, spoken poetically of its fruits, Joel 2:22 compare כֹּחַ Job 31:39.
חַיִל m. Chald.
(1) strength, might, Daniel 3:4.
(2) host, army, Daniel 3:20, 4:32.
חַיִל & חֵל m. properly i.q. חַיִל, especially
(1) an army, a host, 2 Kings 18:17 once חֵל Obadiah 1:20 also Psalms 10:10, according to קרי, where חֵיל־בָּאִים may be rendered the host of the afflicted; but it is preferable to follow כתיב, see חֵילְכָה.
(2) defence, fortification, especially a particular part of the fortifications, namely, a ditch, with the antemurale surrounding it, 2 Samuel 20:15; Isaiah 26:1; Nahum 3:8; Lamentations 2:8 comp. 1 Kings 21:23; Psalms 48:14, 122:7. LXX. προτείχισμα, περίτειχος. Vulg. antemurale. (In the Talmud חיל is used for a space surrounding the wall of the temple, see Lightfoot, Opp. t.ii.p. 193).
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