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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #01350 - גָּאַל
1) to redeem, act as kinsman-redeemer, avenge, revenge, ransom, do the part of a kinsman
1a1) to act as kinsman, do the part of next of kin, act as kinsman-redeemer
1a1a) by marrying brother’s widow to beget a child for him, to redeem from slavery, to redeem land, to exact vengeance
1a2) to redeem (by payment)
1a3) to redeem (with God as subject)
1a3a) individuals from death
1a3b) Israel from Egyptian bondage
1a3c) Israel from exile
1b1) to redeem oneself
1b2) to be redeemed
1058) lc (גל GL) AC: Roll CO: Round AB: ?: Something that is round or a second time around of a time or event. A dancing in a circle. (eng: skull - an added s and an exchange of the k and g, Greek golgotha)
lm) lclc (גלגל GLGL) - Wheel: The wheel of a cart or a whirlwind. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (13): wheel, heaven, rolling thing, whirlwind - Strongs: H1534 (גַּלְגַּל), H1535 (גַּלְגַּל), H1536 (גִּלְגָּל)
Nm) llc (גלל GLL) - I. Round thing:Something round such as stones or dung. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. For the Sake of:As a rolling back around. KJV (17): dung, because, sake, because of thee, for, great - Strongs: H1557 (גָּלָל), H1558 (גָּלָל), H1560 (גְּלָל), H1561 (גֵּל), H5953 (עָלַל)
V) lac (גאל GAL) - Redeem: To restore one to his original position or avenge his death. In the participle form this verb means avenger as it is the role of the nearest relative to redeem one in slavery or avenge his murder. KJV (104): (vf: Paal, Niphal) redeem, redeemer, kinsman, revenger, avenger, ransom, deliver, kinsfolks, kinsmans, part, purchase, stain, wise - Strongs: H1350 (גָּאַל)
- A2049 Lbc (Bound, Boundary)
- A2063 Blc (Shave, Barber)
- A2064 Dlc (Skin)
- A2065 Hlc (Shave)
- A2066 Mlc (Wrap)
- A2524 Lco (Round, Bullock)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳ג, etc. Isaiah 44:23 14t.; Imperfect יִגְאַל, etc. Leviticus 25:33 18t.; Imperative גְּאַל, etc. Ruth 4:6 3t.; Infinitive absolute גָּאֹל Leviticus 27:13 2t.; construct לִגְאוֺל Ruth 4:4 2t.; suffix לְגָאֳלֵךְ Ruth 3:13; Participle גֹּאֵל Leviticus 25:26 24t., גּוֺאֵל Isaiah 59:20; Psalm 103:4; suffix גֹּאַלְךָ Isaiah 48:17, גֹּאֲלֵךְ Isaiah 54:8 (suffix 19t.); passive plural גְּאוּלִים, etc. Isaiah 35:9 4t.; —
1 act as kinsman, do the part of next of kin (chiefly in D H P Ruth), גֹּאֵל kinsman Leviticus 25:25 (H) Numbers 5:8; Numbers 35:12 (P) Ruth 2:20; Ruth 3:9,12; Ruth 4:1,3,6,8,14; 1 Kings 16:11.
a. in taking a kinsman's widowאם יגאלך טוב יגאל ואם לא יחפץ לגאלך וגאלתיך if he will do thee the kinsman's part (raise up children by the widow) well, let him do the kinsman's part; but if he is not pleased to do thee the kinsman's part then I will do thee the kinsman's part Ruth 3:13;
b. in redeeming from bondage Leviticus 25:48,49 (H);
c. in redeeming a field Leviticus 25:26,33 (H) Ruth 4:4,6;
d. claim as kinsman Job 3:5;
e.גֹּאֵל הַדָּם the avenger of blood Numbers 35:19,21,24,25,27 (twice in verse); Joshua 20:3,5 (?; not in ᵐ5) Joshua 20:9 (P). Deuteronomy 19:6,12 (D) 2 Samuel 14:11.
2 redeem, by payment of value assessed, of consecrated things, by the original owner Leviticus 27:13,15,19,20,31 (P).
3 redeem, with God as subject implying personal relationship, chiefly in poetry: —
a. individuals, from death Psalm 103:4; Lamentations 3:58; Hosea 13:14, מכל רע Genesis 48:16 (E poetry), נפשׁ Psalm 69:19; Psalm 72:14, orphans Proverbs 23:11; Jeremiah 50:34, ריבה ריבי וגאלני Psalm 119:154, גֹּאֲלִי Job 19:25, צוּרִי וְגֹאֲלִי Psalm 19:15.
b. Israel, from Egyptian bondage Exodus 6:6 (P?) Exodus 15:13 (song) Psalm 74:2; Psalm 77:16; Psalm 78:35, מיד אויב Psalm 106:10.
c. from exile (chiefly Isa3, the verb not in Isa1) Isaiah 43:1; Isaiah 44:22,23; Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:9; Isaiah 63:9; Micah 4:10, מיד Psalm 107:2; Jeremiah 31:11; Yahweh is גֹּאֵל Isaiah 41:14; Isaiah 43:14; Isaiah 44:6,24; Isaiah 47:4; Isaiah 48:17; Isaiah 49:7,26; Isaiah 54:5,8; Isaiah 59:20; Isaiah 60:16; Isaiah 63:16; and the people גְּאוּלִים Isaiah 35:9; Isaiah 51:10; Isaiah 62:12; Isaiah 63:4 (compare גְּאוּלַי below), Psalm 107:2.
Niph`al Perfect נִגְאָ֑ל Leviticus 25:49; Imperfect יִגָּאֵל Leviticus 25:30 5t.; תִּגָּאֵ֑לוּ Isaiah 52:3; —
1 reflexive redeem oneself Leviticus 25:49 (H).
2 pass. be redeemed,
a. field Leviticus 25:30 (H), slave Leviticus 25:54 (H);
b. consecrated things Leviticus 27:20,27,28,33 (P);
c. Jerusalem by Yahweh Isaiah 52:3.
גְּאוּלַי Isaiah 63:4, in ׳שְׁנַת ג,
noun abstract redemption, according to ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9 Ges Hi De MV Che Di RVm; then either plural abstract suffix year of ( my) redemption (so most); or abstract form. in י֯, after Syriac analogy, Lag Symm. ii. 101f. Semitic i. 19,68. BN 192 (ᵐ5 omit my); but < Passive participle plural suffix my ransomed ( released) ones Ew Br Brd AV RV compare below גאל above.
גָּאַל fut. יִגְאַל.
(1) to redeem, buy back, as a field or farm sold, Leviticus 25:25; Ruth 4:4, a thing consecrated to God, Leviticus 27:13, 15 Leviticus 27:15, 19 Leviticus 27:19, 20 Leviticus 27:20, 31 Leviticus 27:31 a slave, Leviticus 25:48, 49 Leviticus 25:49. Part. גֹּאֵל redeemer (of a field), Leviticus 25:26. Very frequently used of God as redeeming men, and specially Israel, as out of the slavery of Egypt, Exodus 6:6 from the Babylonish captivity [or other dispersions], Isaiah 43:1, 44:22 48:20 49:7, etc. Const. absol. also followed by מִן Psalms 72:14 מִיַּד Psalms 106:10. Part. pass. גְּאֻלִים, גְּאֻלֵי יְהוָֹה those redeemed by God, Isaiah 35:9, 51:10 Job 19:25, אֲנִי יָדַעְתִּי גֹּאֲלִי חַי “I know (that) my Redeemer liveth,” that God himself will free me from these calamities [in the resurrection, see the context. The Redeemer here is Christ].- Job 3:5, in the imprecations cast on the day of his birth, יִגְאָלֻהוּ חשֶׁךְ וְצַלְמָוֶת “let darkness and the shadow of death redeem it” for themselves, let them retake possession of it.
(2) Followed by דָּם; to require blood, i.e. to avenge bloodshed, to require the penalty of bloodshed from any one; only in part. גֹּאֵל הַדָּם avenger of blood, Numbers 35:19, seq.; Deuteronomy 19:6, 12 Deuteronomy 19:12; Joshua 20:3; 2 Samuel 14:11 and without הַדָּם Numbers 35:12.
(3) Since both the right of redemption (No. 1), and the office of avenging bloodshed (No. 2) belonged to the nearest kinsman, גֹּאֵל denotes, near of kin, near relative, Numbers 5:8; Leviticus 25:25; Ruth 3:12 with art. הַגֹּאֵל “the nearest kinsman,” Ruth 4:1,, compare 3:9, 12. The one next after him is called מִגֹּאֵל Ruth 2:20 compare 4:4. Pl. גֹּאֲלִים relatives, 1Ki. 16:11. (So to the Hebrew שְׁאֵר i.e. near kinsman, answers the Arab. ثَايِرُ avenger of blood, and وَلِىُّ denotes both a friend, kinsman, and a protector, avenger of blood.)
(4) Since by the law of Moses it was also the office of the next of kin, when a man died without children, to marry his widow (see יָבָם, יִבֵּם ); the verb גָּאַל is also transferred to this right and office of a relation, where it is denom. from גֹּאֵל. See Ruth 3:13, where Boaz says, אִם־יִגְאָלֵךְ טוֹב יִגְאָל וְאִם־לֹא יַחְפֹּץ לְגָאֳלֵךְ וּגְאַלְתִּיךְ אָנֹכִי “if he will marry thee by right of relationship, let him marry thee, but if he will not, I will marry thee;” compare Tob_3:17.
Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be redeemed, of a field and farm, Leviticus 25:30 of consecrated things, Leviticus 27:20, 27 Leviticus 27:27, 28 Leviticus 27:28, 33 Leviticus 27:33 of a slave, Leviticus 25:54 reflex, to redeem oneself, ib., verse 49 Leviticus 25:49.
Derivatives גְּאֻלָּה, גְּאוּלִים and pr.n. יִגְאָל.
גָּאַל a word of the later [?] Hebrew, not used in Kal, to be polluted, impure, i.q. Chald. גְּאַל, גְּעַל; Ithpe. אִתְגְּעַל to be polluted.
Piel גֵּאֵל to pollute, to defile, Malachi 1:7.
(1) to be polluted; part. מְגֹאָל polluted, impure, unclean, of food, Malachi 1:7, 12 Malachi 1:12.
(2) declared impure, i.e. to be removed, as a priest from sacred ministry, Ezra 2:62; Nehemiah 7:64 compare Syriac ܐܰܓܺܠ to cast away, reject, and גָּעַל Hiphil.
Niphal נִגְאַל Zephaniah 3:1, and נְגאַל Isaiah 59:3; Lamentations 4:14 (which form is like the passive Conj. VII. in Arabic أُنْقُبِلَ), polluted, defiled, stained.
Hiphil, to pollute, to stain, as a garment with blood, Isaiah 63:3. The form אֶגְאַלְתִּי for הִגְאַלְתִּי imitates the Syriac.
Hithpael, to pollute oneself, with unclean food, Daniel 1:8. Hence