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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5287 - ὑπόστασις

from a compound of (G5259) and (G2476)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. a setting or placing under
    1. thing put under, substructure, foundation
  2. that which has foundation, is firm
    1. that which has actual existence
      1. a substance, real being
    2. the substantial quality, nature, of a person or thing
    3. the steadfastness of mind, firmness, courage, resolution
      1. confidence, firm trust, assurance
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2465 ‑ חֶלֶד (kheh'‑led);  3351 ‑ יְקוּם (yek‑oom');  3666 ‑ כִּנְעָה (kin‑aw');  4241 ‑ מִחְיָה (mikh‑yaw');  4613 ‑ מָעֳמָד (moh‑om‑awd');  4673 ‑ מַצָּב (mats‑tsawb');  4853 ‑ מַשָּׂא (mas‑saw');  5324 ‑ נָצַב (naw‑tsab');  5475 ‑ סוֹד (sode);  7551 ‑ רָקַם (raw‑kam');  8431 ‑ תּוֹחֶלֶת (to‑kheh'‑leth);  8499 ‑ תְּכוּנָה (tek‑oo‑naw');  8615 ‑ תִּקְוָה (tik‑vaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (5)
2 Corinthians
NAS (5)
2 Corinthians
HCS (4)
2 Corinthians
BSB (5)
2 Corinthians
ESV (4)
2 Corinthians
WEB (6)
2 Corinthians
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὑπόστᾰσις, εως, ἡ,

(ὑφίστημι, ὑφίσταμαι): as an act, standing under, supporting, ἡ κεφαλὴ τοῦ μηροῦ καὶ ὁ αὐχὴν τοῦ ἄρθρου.. ὑπὸ συχνῷ μέρει τοῦ ἰσχίου τὴν ὑ. πεποίηται Hp. Art. 55; [ τοὺς προσθίους πόδας] ἔχουσιν.. οὐ μόνον ἕνεχ' ὑποστάσεως τοῦ βάρους Arist. PA 659a24; ἐνεπάγην εἰς ἰλὺν βυθοῦ, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ὑ. LXX Psalms 68:3(69).3.

2. resistance, τοῦ κύματος Arist. Mete. 368b12 (unless = settling down); so perh. in Hp. Off. 3, Ael. Fr. 59.

3. lying in ambush, S. Fr. 719. as a thing,

I in liquids, that which settles at the bottom, sediment, Hp. Steril. 242, Arist. HA 551b29, Mete. 382b14, Thphr. HP 9.8.3; esp. of sediment in the urine, Hp. Coac. 146, 389, Aph. 4.69, al., Gal. 6.252, al.; but the urine itself is called ἡ ὑ. ἡ εἰς τὴν κύστιν, Arist. Mete. 358a8; ἡ τῆς ὑγρᾶς τροφῆς ὑ. Id. PA 647b28; ἐκ τῶν νεφρῶν ἡ γιγνομένη ὑ. ib. 671b20; also of the dry excrement, ἡ τῆς ξηρᾶς τροφῆς ὑ. ib. 647b28, cf. 677a15, Mete. 358b9. an accumulation of pus, abscess, Hp. Art. 40.

2. νέφους ὑποστάσεις cloud- cumuli, D.S. 1.38.

3. a kind of jelly or thick soup, in pl., Men. 462.10 (cf. Poll. 6.60), Orib. 4.8.1.

4. metaph. of time, duration, ἡ στιγμιαία τῶν καιρῶν ὑ. Gal. 19.187; μνήσθητι τίς μου ἡ ὑ. remember how short my time is, LXX Psalms 89:48(88).48; ἡ ὑ. μου ὡσεὶ οὐθὲν ἐνώπιόν σου mine age is as nothing before thee, ib. 38(39).6; ἐφ' ὅσον αὐτοῦ (sc. Ἕκτορος) ἡ ὑ. τῶν χρόνων ὑπῆρχεν as long as his store of years lasted, Vett.Val. 347.14.

5. coming into existence, origin, ἡ ὑ. μου ἐν τοῖς κατωτάτω τῆς γῆς LXX Psalms 139:15(138).15; περὶ τοῦ γένους.. τῶν Ἰουδαίων.. ὅτι.. τὴν πρώτην ὑ. ἔσχεν ἰδίαν J. Revelation 1:1; ἀκμὴ οὐδὲ ἔχει γενέσεως ὑ. καθ' ἑαυτήν has no power of originating by itself, Hermog. Id. 1.10.

II foundation or substructure of a temple, etc., LXX Nahum 2:7, D.S. 1.66, 13.82; ὑποστάσεις ἐπάλξεων lower part of a crenellated wall, Ph. Bel. 84.9; ὑ. ξύλου is f.l. for ὑπότασις ξ. in Hp. Mochl. 25.

2. metaph. of a narrative, speech, or poem, ground-work, subject-matter, argument, Plb. 4.2.1, D.S. 1.3, etc.

3. plan, purpose, Id. 16.32; κατὰ τὴν ἰδίαν ὑ. Id. 1.28, 15.70; πρὸς τὴν ἰδίαν ὑ. Id. 1.3; οἱ Αἰγύπτιοι.. ἰδίᾳ τινὶ ὑ. κεχρημένοι εἰσί (sc. in their calendar) Gem. 8.16, cf. 25; κατὰ τὴν Καίσαρος ὑ. BMus.Inscr. 892.21 (Halic., i B. C. /i A. D.).

4. confidence, courage, resolution, steadiness, of soldiers, Plb. 4.50.10, 6.55.2; hope, ἔστι μοι ὑ. τοῦ γενηθῆναί με ἀνδρί LXX Ruth 1:12; ἀπώλετο ἡ ὑ. αὐτῆς ib. Ezekiel 19:5, cf. Hebrews 3:14; ἡ ὑ. τῆς καυχήσεως 2 Corinthians 11:17; cf. 2 Corinthians 9:4; ἔστιν δὲ πίστις ἐλπιζομένων ὑπόστασις confidence in things hoped for, Hebrews 11:1 (unless substance be the right sense here).

5. undertaking, promise, οἱ ὑπογεγραμμένοι γεωργοὶ ἐπέδωκαν ἡμῖν ὑπόστασιν PEleph. 15.3 (iii B. C.), cf. PTheb.Bank 1.8 (ii B. C.), PTeb. 61 (b). 194 (ii B. C.).

6. Astrol., τὰ τούτου (sc. κλήρου τύχης) τετράγωνα ὑπόστασις (fort. -στάσεις) [λέγεται ] Serapio in Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).227.

III substantial nature, substance, δύσσχιστα, τῷ κολλώδη τὴν ὑ. ἔχειν woods hard to cleave, because of their resinous substance, Thphr. CP 5.16.4; ἡ τοῦ γεώδους ὑ. ib. 6.7.4.

2. substance, actual existence, reality (οἱ νεώτεροι τῶν φιλοσόφων ἀντὶ τῆς οὐσίας τῇ λέξει τῆς ὑ. ἐχρήσαντο Socr. Hebrews 3:7), opp. semblance, φαντασίαν μὲν ἔχειν πλούτου, ὑ. δὲ μή Artem. 3.14; τῶν ἐν ἀέρι φαντασμάτων τὰ μέν ἐστι κατ' ἔμφασιν, τὰ δὲ καθ' ὑπόστασιν (substantial, actual), Arist. Mu. 395a30, cf. Placit. 3.6, D.L. 7.135, 9.91; so ὑποστάσεις are the substances of which the reflections (αἱ κατοπτρικαὶ ἐμφάσεις) appear in the mirror, Placit. 4.14.2; ὑ. ἔχειν have substantial existence, Demetr.Lac. Herc. 1055.14, S.E. P. 2.94, 176, M.Ant. 9.42; ἰδίᾳ χρησάμενον ὑποστάσει (ὑποτάσει cod.), πρὸς ἰδίαν ὑ. φυτευθέντα,

a separate existence, Sor. 1.96, cf. 33; ὑπόστασιν μὴ ἔχειν Id. 2.57; ὑποστάσεις τε καὶ μεταβολαί M.Ant. 9.1, cf. 10.5; [ ἡ παρασιτικὴ] διαφέρει καὶ τῆς ῥητορικῆς καὶ τῆς φιλοσοφίας.. κατὰ τὴν ὑ. (in respect of reality) · ἡ μὲν γὰρ ὑφέστηκεν, αἱ δὲ οὔ Luc. Par. 27; κατ' ἰδίαν ὑ. καὶ οὐσίαν S.E. M. 9.338.

3. real nature, essence, χαρακτὴρ τῆς ὑ. Hebrews 1:3. as a Rhet. figure, the full expression or expansion of an idea, Hermog. Id. 1.11, Aristid. Rh. 1p.479S., Syrian. in Hermog. 1.60 R. = ὑπόστημα 111, camp, LXX 1 Kings 13:23, LXX 1 Kings 14:4. wealth, substance, property, ib. De. 11.6, Jeremiah 10:17, POxy. 1274.15 (iii A. D.), BGU 1020.16 (vi A. D.), etc.

2. pl., title deeds, documents recording ownership of property, POxy. 237 viii 26 (ii A. D.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὑπό -στασις , -εως ,

(< ὑφίστημι , to set under, stand under, support),

[in LXX for H4673 (1 Samuel 13:23; 1 Samuel 14:4 B), H8615 (Ruth 1:12, Ezekiel 19:5), etc., also in Wisdom of Solomon 16:21;]

1. a support, base or foundation (in various senses).

2. substance (Arist., al.; opp. to φαντασία , ἔμφασις ): Hebrews 1:3,

3. steadiness, firmness (Polyb., al.), hence, assurance, confidence: 2 Corinthians 9:4; 2 Corinthians 11:17, Hebrews 3:14; Hebrews 11:1 (here perhaps title-deed, as that which gives reality or guarantee; v. MM, xxv).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";loving warmly"; (Rom. 12:10) : cf. Vett. Val. p. 76.27 τοὺς μὲν γὰρ εὐνουστέρους καὶ φιλοστοργοτέρους θανάτῳ χωρί ζουσι. The subst. φιλοστοργία is common in Wills, where bequests are made κατὰ φιλοστοργίαν, see e.g. P Oxy III.490.4 (A.D. 124), 492.6 (A.D. 130). Other exx. of the subst. are P Tebt II. 408.7 (A.D. 3) τῆι φιλοστοργίᾳ τῶν περί Σωτήριχον, ";out of their regard for Soterichus and his people"; (Edd.), P Oxy III. 495.12 (A.D. 181–9) μητρικῇ φιλοστοργίᾳ, P Flor III. 338.11 (iii/A.D.) καὶ νῦν τάχα ἡ σὴ σπυδὴ καὶ φιλοστοργεία κατανεικήσῃ τὴν ἐμὴν ̣ . ἀκαιρείαν, and Chrest. II. 361.16 (A.D. 360) ἐνέδειξών (l. ἐνέδειξάν) μοι εὔνοιαν καὶ φιλοστοργείαν.

For the adverb cf. OGIS 257.4 (B.C. 109) σοῦ ἐμνμονεύο μεν [φιλοστ ]όργως and Preisigke 5294.9 (A.D. 235) ε [ ]νοίως καὶ φιλοστόργ [ως. A good ex. of the verb occurs in Syll.3 1267.23 (ij/iii A.D.) (=Deissmann. LAE2, p. 140) ἐγὼ ὑπὸ τέκνων γονεῖς φιλοστοργεῖσθαι ἐνομοθέτησα —an Isis inscr. from Ios.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
υποστασει υποστάσει ὑποστάσει υποστασεως υποστάσεως ὑποστάσεως υπόστασιν υποστασις υπόστασις υπόστασίς ὑπόστασις hypostasei hypostásei hypostaseos hypostaseōs hypostáseos hypostáseōs hypostasis hypóstasis upostasei upostaseos upostaseōs upostasis
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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