the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #459 - ἄνομος
- destitute of (the Mosaic) law
- of the Gentiles
- departing from the law, a violator of the law, lawless, wicked
1. lawless, impious, τράπεζα Hdt. 1.162; of persons, S. OC 142, al.; στρατός Tr. 1096; Ἐχίονος γόνος E. Ba. 995; of things, θυσία A. Ag. 151; πάθη E Or. 1455; μοναρχία Pl. Plt. 302e: τὰ ἄνομα lawless acts, Hdt. 1.8: Comp. -ώτερος Pl. Hp.Ma. 285a. Adv. -μως E. Med. 1000, Antipho 4.1.2, Th. 4.92.
2. c. gen., ἀ. θεοῦ, i.e. without (the Mosaic) Law and therefore without God, 1 Corinthians 9:21. Adv. ἀνόμως, = χωρὶς νόμου, Romans 2:12.
3. illegal, κατοχή POxy. 237 vii 11 (ii A.D.).
II (νόμος 11) unmusical, νόμος ἄ. A. Ag. 1142 (lyr.).
ἄνομος, ἄνομον (νόμος);
1. destitute of (the Mosaic) law: used of Gentiles, 1 Corinthians 9:21, (without any suggestion of 'iniquity'; just as in Additions to Esther 4:42
2. departing from the law, a violator of the law, lawless, wicked; (Vulg. iniquus; (alsoinjustus)): Mark 15:28 (R L Tr brackets); Luke 22:37; Acts 2:23 (so in Greek writings); opposed to ὁ δίκαιος, 1 Timothy 1:9; ὁ ἄνομος (κατ' ἐξοχήν), he in whom all iniquity has as it were fixed its abode, 2 Thessalonians 2:8; ἀνόμοις ἔργοις, unlawful deeds, 2 Peter 2:8; free from law, not subject to law (Vulg. sine lege): μή ὤν ἄνομος θεοῦ (Buttmann, 169 (147)) (Rec. θεῷ), 1 Corinthians 9:21. (Very often in the Sept.) (Synonym: see ἀνομία, at the end.)
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ἄ -νομος , -ον
(ἀ . neg., νόμος ),
1. lawless, wicked: Mark 15:28, Luke 22:37, Acts 2:23, 1 Timothy 1:9, 2 Peter 2:8; ὁ ἄ ., 2 Thessalonians 2:8 (= ὁ ἄνθρωπος τῆς ἀνομίας , 2 Thessalonians 2:3).
2. without law (= οἱ μὴ ὑπὸ νόμον , Romans 2:14): 1 Corinthians 9:21 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†
SYN.: see ἄθεσμος G113.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Oxy II. 237vii. 11 (A.D. 186), the Dionysia petition, has ἀνόμου κατοχῆς, ";an illegal claim."; The closeness of ἀνομία and ἀδικία may be seen in the associated adjectives of P Lond 358.13 (c. A.D. 150) (= II. p. 172), where ἄνομα καὶ, ἄδικα are complained of. Cf. IGSI 1047.3 τοῦ ἀνόμου. Τυφῶνος. For the adverb see P Magd 6.11 (B.C. 221) μὴ περιιδεῖμ με ἀνόμως ὑβριζόμενον ὑπὸ τῶν ποιμένων, and BGU IV. 1200.20 (B.C. 2–1) ἐξουσίαν ἔχοντες τῶι Ἀσκληπιάδου ἀ. ἀποδέδωκαν κτλ. The construction in 1 Corinthians 9:21 μὴ ὢν ἄνομος θεοῦ is illustrated in Proleg. p. 235 f. The verb ἀνομέω as a transitive appears in P Par 37.48 (ii/B.C.) ἀξιῶ. . . μὴ ὑπεριδεῖν με ἠνομημένον καὶ ἐγκεκλειμένον : cf. ib. 35.34 (by the same writer), with the same combination in the present (passive).
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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