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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3700 - ὀπτάνομαι
- to look at, behold
- to allow one's self to be seen, to appear
ὀπτάνομαι, v. ὀπτάζομαι.
to be seen, LXX Numbers 14:14 : — so ὀπτάνομαι, ib. 3 Ki. 8.8, UPZ 62.32 (ii B. C.), PTeb. 24.5 (ii B. C.), Acts 1:3, [ Ar.Byz. ] Arg. Ar. Pl. 4, PMag.Par. 1.3033, Corp.Herm. 3.2: — an Act. ὀπταίνω in Eust. 069.33.
† ὀπτάνω ,
[in LXX: 1 Kings 8:8 (H7200 ni.), Tobit 12:19*;]
late present as from ὤφθην (= ὁράω ); mid., ὀπτάνομαι , to allow oneself to be seen, to appear. c. dat., Acts 1:3. (For exx. from Papyri, v. Deiss., LAE, 79, 2526; MM, ii, xviii.) †
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This interesting word (derived from the classical ὀψωνέω), which is banned by the Atticists (Lob. Phryn. p. 420), is said to have entered the Greek language with Menander (Fr. 1051 : cf. Sturz. Dial. Mac. p. 187), and is freely used by Polybius (vi. 39.12 ὀψώνιον δ᾽ οἱ πεζοὶ λαμβάνουσι τῆς ἡμέρας δύο ὀβολούς : cf. Kälker, p. 294) and other late writers (see Wetstein ad Luke 3:14 and Durham Menander, p. 83). It is very common in the papyri and inscrr., and its various uses may be illustrated as follows : —(1) For the meaning ";provisions"; see P Oxy III. 531 (ii/A.D.) where, after various pieces of good advice, a father writes to his son—.20 ff. ἕως πρὸς σὲ ἔλθῃ Ἀνουβᾶς ἀπὸ τοῦ σοῦ χαλκοῦ τὸ ὀψώνιόν σου καὶ τῶν ἐξοδίασον ἕως πέμψω, ";until however Anoubas arrives, you must pay for the provisions of yourself and your household out of your own money, until I send you some"; (Edd.). (2) The reference is particularly to a soldier’s ";pay,"; ";ration-money,"; ";allowance"; (as in Luke 3:14, cf. 1 Corinthians 9:7), in P Lond 23 (a).26 (B.C. 158–157) (= I. p. 38), where a certain Ptolemy petitions King Ptolemy Philometer that his brother may obtain a place in a company stationed at Memphis, and receive the usual allowance—ὅσον καὶ αὐτοὶ λαμβάνουσιν μετρήματα καὶ ὀψό (= ώ)νια : cf. ib. 15 (8) .8, .10 (B.C. 131–130) (= I. pp. 55, 56). Similarly in BGU I. 69.8 (A.D. 120) (= Chrest. II. p. 155) a soldier writes promising the repayment of a loan of 140 drachmae τῷ ἔνγιστα δοθησομένῳ ὀψωνίῳ, ";with my next pay,"; and in OGIS 266.7 (iii/B.C.) provision is made for mercenary soldiers—ὅπως τὸ ὀψώνιον λαμβάνωσι τοῦ προειργασμένου χρόνου. (3) From this the transition is easy to ";pay,"; ";wages,"; ";salary"; in general. Thus for the sing. ὀψώνιον may be cited the early P Petr II. 13 (7).10 (B.C. 258–253) τοῦ χρηματισθέντος σοι ὀψωνίου, ib (17).6 διπλεῖον εἰληφέναι τοῦ διαγεγραμμένου ὀψωνίου, ";that I received double the allowance of provision-money,"; and Ostr 1538.3 (ii/B.C.) δοθήτω ́ Μέμνονι. . ρ ̄ τὸ καθῆ (κον) μέτρη (μα) καὶ ὀψώνιον. Cf. also P Oxy IV. 744.7 (B.C. 1) (= Selections, p. 33) ἐὰν εὐθὺς ὀψώνιον λάβωμεν (cf. 2 Corinthians 11:8) ἀποστελῶ σε ἄνω, ";as soon as we receive wages I will send them to you,"; P Grenf II. 43.18 (A.D. 92) the payment of an ὀψό (= ώ)νιον of 80 drachmae to a watchman, P Tebt II. 391.20 (A.D. 99) τὸ δὲ ὀψό (= ώ)νιον τοῦ μαχαιροφόρου, ";the salary of the sword-bearer,"; P Oxy VI. 898.31 (A.D. 123) οὐδὲ ὀψώνιόν μοι ἐχορήγησεν ἔτι πρὸ μηνῶν τριῶν, ";she has failed to supply my allowance for the last three months";—the complaint of a minor regarding his mother, and from the inscrr. Syll 790 (= .3 1157).27 (c. B.C. 100?) διδόσθω δὲ τῷ ῥαβδούχωι ἐκ τῶν λογευθησομένων χρημάτων ὀψώνιον ἡμερῶν δύο, and Magn 116.54 (time of Hadrian) ὀψωνίου, ";wages"; for the cultivation of arable land. The plur. ὀψώνια is seen in P Petr II. 33 (a)A. 27 (Ptol.) τὰ ὀψώνια τοῖς κατὰ τὴν οἰκίαν, P Par 62v. 3 (c. B.C. 170) τοῖς δ᾽ ἀναπληρώσουσιν τὰς ὠνὰς δοθήσεται ὀψώνια, P Ryl II. 153.25 (A.D. 138–161) ὀψώνια, ";allowances,"; to crowned athletes, P Tebt II. 420.24 (iii/A.D.) ἵνα καὶ αὐτὸς δῦ (l. δοῖ) ἀρτάβην κριθῆς εἰς λόγον ὀψωνίων, ";that he also may give an artaba of barley on account of wages,"; and for a wider sense Priene 121.34 (i/B.C.), where certain citizens are described as having rendered public services χωρὶς ὀψωνίων ̣, ";without recompense"; : cf. ib. 109.94, .106 (c. B.C. 120) ἄτερ ὀψωνίου, and the question to an oracle, P Oxy XII. 1477.1 (iii/iv A.D.) εἶ λήμψομαι τὸ ὀψώνιον; ";shall I receive the present?"; (Edd.) : see Romans 6:23. (4) In P Grenf II. 63.4 (iii/A.D.) ἔσχον παρὰ σοῦ εἰς λόγον ὀψωνίου ἐπὶ λόγου ὑπ (ὲρ) [. . .] δραχμὰς εἴκοσι τέσσαρες, the editors suggest that ὀψωνίου is perhaps = ";interest.";
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the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13