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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3700 - כָּסַף

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to long for, yearn for, long after

1a) (Qal) to long for

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to long for (deeply)

1b2) being longed for (participle)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2092 ‑ ἕτοιμος (het‑oy'‑mos);  1937 ‑ ἐπιθυμέω (ep‑ee‑thoo‑meh'‑o);  1939 ‑ ἐπιθυμία (ep‑ee‑thoo‑mee'‑ah);  1971 ‑ ἐπιποθέω (ep‑ee‑poth‑eh'‑o);  3700 ‑ ὀπτάνομαι (op‑tan'‑om‑ahee, op'‑tom‑ahee);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Zephaniah 1
NAS (6)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Zephaniah 1
HCS (5)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Zephaniah 1
BSB (6)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Zephaniah 1
ESV (5)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
WEB (6)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Zephaniah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2277) pxk (כספ KSP) AC: Desire CO: Silver AB: ?: A metal desired because of its value. Universally used as a form of money.

V) pxk (כספ KSP) - Desire: KJV (6): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Participle) desire, long, greedy, sore - Strongs: H3700 (כָּסַף)

Nm) pxk (כספ KSP) - Silver: A desired metal. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (416): silver, money, price, silverling - Strongs: H3701 (כֶּסֶף), H3702 (כְּסַף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [כָּסַף] verb long (for) (Arabic be colourless, obscure, be eclipsed (of sun or moon); also be depressed in appearance Ba Esther 61; modern Arabic disappoint; reflexive conjugations be disappointed, ashamed, see Spiro Vocab; Late Hebrew כסף Hiph`il shew pallor, be pale, white; Qal be ashamed, long for, compare Aramaic כְּסַף) —

Qal Imperfect 2 masculine singular יָדֶיךָ תִּכְסֹ֑ףלְמַעֲשֵׂה Job 14:15 for the work of thy hands thou wouldest long; 3 masculine singular כְּאַרְיֵה יִכְסוֺף לִטְרֹ֑ף Psalm 17:12 like a lion that longeth to rend.

Niph`al Perfect 2 masculine singular + Infinitive absolute נִכְסֹף נִכְסַפְתָּה לְבֵית אָבִיךָ Genesis 31:30 thou didst long sorely for thy father's house; Perfect 3 feminine singular ׳נִכְסְפָה ֗֗֗ נַפְשִׁי לְחַצְרוֺת י Psalm 84:4 my soul longeth . . . . for the courts of ׳י; Perfect 3 masculine singular הַגּוֺי לֹא נִכְסָ֑ף Zephaniah 2:1 very dubious; but perhaps (Ges Ew Hi Ke and others), O nation not turning pale, = not ashamed, compare etymology above; We thinks whole see corrupt.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּסַף fut. יִכְסֹף

(1)  to become pale like the Ch. (More remote is the Arab. كسف and خسف to be eclipsed, as the sun or moon, to darken, as the eye, to be lessened.) Compare Niphal No. 1 and כֶּסֶף silver; hence

(2) to desire anything, followed by לְ of pers., Job 14:15 by a gerund, Psalms 17:12.


(1) to become pale, through shame (as shame is not only marked by blushing, but also by paleness, see חָוַר and Talmud. הלבין, to put to shame, compare Comment. on Isaiah 29:22), to be put to shame. Zephaniah 2:1, הַגּוֹי לֹא נִכְסָף “a nation without shame,” impudent.

(2) i.q. Kal No. 2. Genesis 31:30; Psalms 84:3.

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List of Word Forms
יִכְס֣וֹף יכסוף נִכְסְפָ֬ה נִכְסַ֖פְתָּה נִכְסָֽף׃ נִכְסֹ֥ף נכסף נכסף׃ נכספה נכספתה תִכְסֹֽף׃ תכסף׃ nichSaf nichSaftah nichseFah nichSof niḵ·sāp̄ niḵ·sap̄·tāh niḵ·sə·p̄āh niḵ·sōp̄ niḵsāp̄ niḵsap̄tāh niḵsəp̄āh niḵsōp̄ tichSof ṯiḵ·sōp̄ ṯiḵsōp̄ yichSof yiḵ·sō·wp̄ yiḵsōwp̄
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