the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3699 - ὅπου
- where, whereas
Ion. ὅκου, Relat., indirect interrog., and indef. Adv. of Place, correlat. to ποῦ:
1. as a Relat., sts. c. gen. loci, τῆς πόλεως ὅπου κάλλιστον στρατοπεδεύσασθαι Pl. R. 415d, cf. Hdt. 2.172; ὅπου βούλοιτο τοῦ δρόμου X. HG 2.4.27; ἔσθ' ὅπου in some places, A. Eu. 517 (lyr.), Fr. 302: standing for the Relat. Adj., μέλη, ὅπου (i. e. ἐν οἷς) χελιδὼν ἦν τις ἐμπεποιημένη Ar. Av. 1301: with other Particles, ὅκου δή somewhere or other, Hdt. 3.129; ὅπου ἄν wherever, with subj., IG 12.76.11, etc.; in Trag. the ἄν may be omitted, as ὅπου δ' Ἀπόλλων σκαιὸς ᾖ, τίνες σοφοί; E. El. 972, etc. (never in Att. Prose): c. gen., ὅπου ἂν τύχῃ τῶν λεγομένων Pl. Prt. 342e; ὁπουοῦν anywheresoever, Id. Cra. 403c; ὅπουπερ c. opt., wherever, X. Cyr. 3.3.5; ὅπου ποτέ S. OC 12; ὁπουδάν, = ὅπου δὲ ἄν, anywhere, D.C. Fr. 109.21; ὁπουδήποτε, = ubicumque, Dosith.p.410 K.; ὁπουδηποτοῦν anywheresoever, J. Revelation 2:15.
2. in indirect questions, ὄφρα πύθηαι πατρός, ὅπου κύθε γαῖα Od. 3.16, cf. 16.306, S. OT 924, etc.: with Verbs of motion in pregnant sense, ὅκου ἐτράπετο, οὐκέτι εἶχον εἰπεῖν Hdt. 2.119; κεῖνος δ' ὅπου βέβηκεν, οὐδεὶς οἶδε S. Tr. 40, v.l. in X. Cyr. 3.1.37, etc.: in many passages editors have in this sense restd. ὅποι, mostly from codd.; in repeating a question, ἡ Λακεδαίμων ποῦ 'στιν; Answ. ὅπου 'στίν; (do you ask) where it is? Ar. Nu. 214: c. gen., εἰδότες ὅκου γῆς εἴη Hdt. 4.150, cf. Pl. R. 403e.
II the strict local sense occasionally passes into,
1 a sense involving Time or Occasion, ὅ. τιν' ἴδῃ Thgn. 922, cf. 999, X. HG 3.3.6; σιγᾶν θ' ὅ. δεῖ καὶ λέγειν τὰ καίρια A. Ch. 582, cf. Eu. 277; οὐκ ἔσθ' ὅ. there is no case in which, i.e. in no case. S. OT 448, Aj. 1069, E. HF 186, D. 3.35; so ἔστιν ὅ.; as a question, Id. 18.22.
2. of Cause, whereas, Hdt. 1.68, 4.195, Antipho 1.7; ὅ. γὰρ ἐγὼ.. ὁμολογῶ D. 21.205; ὅκου γε, Lat. quandoquidem or quippe, Hdt. 7.118; ὅπου γε X. Cyr. 2.3.11, etc. later as a demonstr. Adv., only in the phrase ὅ. μέν.., ὅ. δέ.. here.., there.., Plu. 2.427c, S.E. P. 1.53, etc.
ὅπου (from ποῦ and the relative ὁ) (from Homer down), where;
1. adverb of place,
a. in which place, where; α. in relative sentences with the indicative it is used to refer to a preceding noun of place; as, ἐπί τῆς γῆς, ὅπου etc. Matthew 6:19; add, Matthew 6:20; Matthew 13:5; Matthew 28:6; Mark 6:55; Mark 9:44, 46 (which verses T WH omit; Tr brackets), 48; Luke 12:33; John 1:28; John 4:20, 46; John 6:23; John 7:42; John 10:40; John 11:30; John 12:1; John 18:1, 20; John 19:18, 20, 41; John 20:12; Acts 17:1; Revelation 11:8; Revelation 20:10. it refers to ἐκεῖ or ἐκεῖσε to be mentally supplied in what precedes or follows: Matthew 25:24, 26; Mark 2:4; Mark 4:15; Mark 5:40; Mark 13:14; John 3:8; John 6:62; John 7:34; John 11:32; John 14:3; John 17:24; John 20:19; Romans 15:20; Hebrews 9:16; Hebrews 10:18; Revelation 2:13. it refers to ἐκεῖ expressed in what follows: Matthew 6:21; Luke 12:34; Luke 17:37; John 12:26; James 3:16. in imitation of the Hebrew שָׁם אֲשֶׁר (Genesis 13:3; Ecclesiastes 9:10, etc.): ὅπου ἐκεῖ, Revelation 12:6 (G T Tr WH), 14 (see ἐκεῖ, a.); ὅπου ... ἐπ' αὐτῶν, Revelation 17:9. ὅπου also refers to men, so that it is equivalent to with (among) whom, in whose house: Matthew 26:57; (add, Revelation 2:13; cf. Winers Grammar, § 54, 7 at the end); in which state (viz. of the renewed man), Colossians 3:11. it is loosely connected with the thought to which it refers, so that it is equivalent to wherein (A. V. whereas), 2 Peter 2:11 (in the same sense in indirect question, Xenophon, mem. 3, 5, 1). ὅπου ἄν, wherever — with imperfect indicative (see ἄν, II. 1), Mark 6:56 (Tdf. ἐάν); with aorist subjunctive (Latin future perfect), Mark 9:18 (where L T Tr WH ὅπου ἐάν); Mark 14:9 (here too T WH ὅπου ἐάν); also ὅπου ἐάν (see ἐάν, II.), Matthew 26:13; Mark 6:10; Mark 14:14a (in both of the last two passages, L Tr ὅπου ἄν); with subjunctive present Matthew 24:28. β. in indirect questions (yet cf. Winer's Grammar, § 57, 2 at the end), with subjunctive aorist: Mark 14:14b; Luke 22:11.
b. joined to verbs signifying motion into a place instead of ὅποι, into which place, whither (see ἐκεῖ, b.): followed by the indicative, John 8:21; John 13:33, 36; John 14:4; John 21:18; (James 3:4 T Tr WH (see below)); ὅπου ἄν, where (whither) soever, with indicative present, Revelation 14:4 L Tr WH (cf. below), cf. Buttmann, § 139, 30; with subjunctive present, Luke 9:57 R G T WH (others, ὅπου ἐάν, see below); James 3:4 (R G L); Revelation 14:4 R G T (see above); ὅπου ἐάν, with subjunctive present, Matthew 8:19, and L Tr in Luke 9:57.
2. It gets the force of a conditional particle if (in case that, in so far as (A. V. whereas (cf. 2 Peter 2:11 above))): 1 Corinthians 3:3 (Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 43, 1 [ET], and often in Greek writings; cf. Grimm on 4 Macc. 2:14; Meyer on 1 Corinthians 3:3; (Müller on the Epistle of Barnabas 16, 63).
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of place, correlat. of ποῦ (q.v.), where.
I. Prop., of place,
(a) in relative sentences, c. indic: Matthew 25:24; Matthew 25:26, Mark 2:4; Mark 4:5; Mark 4:15; Mark 5:40; Mark 13:14, John 3:8; John 6:62; John 7:34; John 7:36; John 11:32; John 14:3; John 17:24; John 20:19, Romans 15:20, Revelation 2:13; after nouns of place, for relat. prepositional phrase (ἐν ᾧ ,, etc.), Matthew 6:19-20; Matthew 13:5; Matthew 26:57; Matthew 28:6, Mark 6:55; Mark 9:48 Luke 12:33, John 1:28; John 4:20; John 4:46; John 6:23; John 7:42; John 10:40; John 11:30; John 12:1; John 18:1; John 18:20; John 19:18; John 19:20; John 19:41; John 20:12, Acts 17:1, Revelation 2:13; Revelation 11:8; Revelation 20:10; seq. ἐκεῖ ., Matthew 6:21, Luke 12:34; Luke 17:37 John 12:26; id. pleonast. (= Heb. שָׁם . . . אֲשֶׁר ; Aram. תַּמָּן . . דּ ; of. Genesis 13:3), ὅ . . . . ἐκεῖ , Revelation 12:6; Revelation 12:14; ὅ . . . . ἐπ᾿ αὐτῶν , Revelation 17:9; ὅ . ἄν , wherever (M, Pr., 168), c. impf. indic., Mark 6:56; c. Pres. subjc., Matthew 24:28; ὅ . ἐάν , Matthew 26:13, Mark 6:10; Mark 9:18; Mark 14:9; Mark 14:14 a;
(b) in quaest. indir., c. aor. subjc.: Mark 14:14 b, Luke 22:11.
2. In late writers (sometimes also in cl.; Bl., § 25, 2), with verbs of motion, = ὅποι , whither: c. indic., John 8:21-22; John 13:33; John 13:36; John 14:4; John 21:18, Hebrews 6:20, James 3:4; ὅ . ἄν , whithersoever, c. pres. ind., Revelation 14:4; subjc., Luke 9:57; ὅ . ἐάν , Matthew 8:19.
II. Without strict local sense,
1. of time or condition: Colossians 3:11, Hebrews 9:16; Hebrews 10:18, James 3:16, 2 Peter 2:11.
2. Of cause or reason (AV, whereas): 1 Corinthians 3:3.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In certain proceedings before the Prefect regarding the custody of a child, which strikingly recall 3 Kingd 3.16 ff., judgment was given that as the child in question ἐκ τῆς ὄψεως, ";from its features,"; appeared to be that of Saraeus, it should be restored to her, P Oxy I. 37 ii. 3 (A.D. 49) (= Selections, p. 51), with which may be compared the use of κατ᾽ ὄψιν in John 7:24. The latter phrase, = ";in person,"; is common, e.g. P Oxy VIII. 1154.4 (late i/A.D.) πρὸ πάντων ὡς ἐνετειλάμην σοι κατ᾽ ὄψιν ἐπιμελοῦ σεαυτῆς ";above all else, as I enjoined you when with you, take care of yourself"; (Ed.), P Oxy I. 117.3 (ii/iii A.D.) κατ᾽ ὄψιν σε παρακέκληκα, ib. XIV. 1665.4 (iii/A.D.) παρο ̣ν ̣[τ ]ι ̣ σ ̣ο ̣ι (l. παρόντα σε) κατ᾽ ὄψιν ᾐτησάμην, and PSI III. 210.10 (iv/v A.D.) ὅπως. . αὐτὸν κατ᾽ ὄψιν ἀπολάβωμεν. For a similar use of εἰς ὄψιν cf. Preisigke 4317.13 (c. A.D. 200) πολεμεῖ με διότι εἶπόν σοι εἰς ὄψιν. See also the fourth of the so-called Sayings of Jesus, P Oxy IV. 654.27 ff. λέγει Ἰη (σοῦ)ς · [πᾶν τὸ μὴ ἔμπροσ ]θεν τῆς ὄψεως σου καὶ [τὸ κεκρυμμένον ] ἀπό σου ἀποκαλυφ <θ >ήσεται, ";Jesus saith, Everything that is not before thy face and that which is hidden from thee shall be revealed to thee."; P Fay 133.11 (iv/A.D.) shows the phrase καθ᾽ αὐτὴν οὖν τὴν ὄψιν, ";as soon therefore as you see this"; (Edd.), and for the meaning ";face,"; ";countenance,"; as in John 11:44, Revelation 1:16, cf. P Giss I. 22.5 (time of Trajan) τὴν [γλυκυ ]τάτην σου ὄψιν προσκυ [νῆσαι, and the literary P Oxy XI. 1380.127 (early ii/A.D.) τὴν ἐν Λ [ή ]θῃ ἱλαρὰν ὄψιν, with reference to Isis. The plur. is similarly used in P Amh II. 141.12 (A.D. 350) ὡς καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν ὄψεών μοι τὰ οἰδήματα φαίνεται, ";so that the swellings are apparent even on my face"; (Edd.)—the result of an accident. Αἱ ὄψεις, ";the eyes,"; is found in P Oxy VI. 911.6 (A.D. 233 or 265) ἀσθενῖ τὰς ὄψεις, ";he has weak sight"; : cf. Ev. Petr. 3 ἐνέπτυον αὐτοῦ ταῖς ὄψεσι (with Swete’s note), Musonius p. 106.8, and Vogeser Heiligenlegenden, p. 43. In the remarkable Calendar inscr. Priene 105.8 (c. B.C. 9) (= OGIS 458) the birthday of Augustus is described as having given another ";aspect"; to the world—ἑτέραν τε ἔδω [κεν παντὶ τῷ κόσ ]μῳ ὄψιν : cf. what is said of Gaius Caesar Germanicus Augustus in a decree of Assos of the year A.D. 37, Syll 364 (=3 797).8 πᾶν ἔθνος ἐπὶ τὴν τοῦ θεοῦ ὄψιν (";presence";) ἔσ [π ]ευκεν. The editor understands ὄψις as = ";dignity"; or ";position"; in P Lond 77.59 (end of vi/A.D., see Chrest. II. 319) (= I. p. 234) κατὰ τὴν ἐμὴν ὄψιν καὶ ὑπόλημψιν. The compound κάκοψις (not in LS) occurs in P Lips I. 1.9 (B.C. 104) and P Grenf II. 28.4 (B.C. 103), and for a new adj. ἐνόπιος see P Par 63.36 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 20) τηλικούτων διαστολῶν γεγονυιῶ [ν ὑμῖ ]ν καὶ ἐνοπίοις καὶ διὰ γραμμάτων, ";extensive explanations having been given to you both face to face and in writing."; A Hebraism ἡ ὄψις τῆς γῆς, ";the eye of the earth,"; is found in Exodus 10:5; Exodus 10:15, Numbers 22:5; Numbers 22:11. MGr ὄψι, ";countenance.";
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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