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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
In the Old Testament an offering was demanded when the offense was against God: a female lamb; in other cases, according to the magnitude of the wrong, a ram or a goat; the offering was to be preceded by a confession by the one committing the trespass. If the trespass was against a human being, the wrong-doer must make it right with the person, and when reconciliation should have been effected, then the offering for sin was to be made. See under
The New Testament teaching on the subject is, first to be reconciled to the brother and then offer, or worship (Matthew 5:23 , Matthew 5:24 ). In all cases, also, the offended party must forgive if the offender shall say, "I repent" (Matthew 6:14; Ephesians 4:32; Colossians 3:13 ). We have been alienated by our trespasses from God (Ephesians 2:1 ). It was the Father's good will to reconcile all to Himself through Christ (Colossians 1:20-22 ). We must be reconciled to God (2 Corinthians 5:20 , 2 Corinthians 5:21 ). This being done, our trespasses shall be forgiven and we shall be justified.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Trespass'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/t/trespass.html. 1915.