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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #8213 - שָׁפֵל
1) to be or become low, sink, be humbled, be abased
1a) (Qal) to be or become low
1b1) to lay or bring low, humiliate
1b2) to set in a lower place, show abasement
1b3) to make low, sit down
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁפֵל fut. יִשְׁפַּל inf. שְׁפַל, Arab. سَفَلَ, سَفُلَ to be depressed, to be or become low, used of a mountain, Isaiah 40:4 of a wood, Isaiah 10:33 a city, 32:19. Metaph. to be depressed, is used of
(a) men who are cast down from a high rank, Isaiah 2:9, 11, 12, 17 5:15 10:33.
(b) of the voice, both when low, Isaiah 29:4 and altogether suppressed, Ecclesiastes 12:4. Inf. שְׁפַל רוּחַ to be cast down of spirit, Proverbs 16:19. Compare שָׁפֵל.
(1) to depress, cast down, make low, (opp. to הֵרִים), Psalms 18:28, 75:8. Intrans. to be cast down (pr. to cast (one’s self) down), Job 22:29. Followed by another verb it assumes the nature of an adverb, Jeremiah 13:18, הַשְׁפִּילוּ שֵׁבוּ “humble yourselves, sit down,” i.e. sit down in a low place (feßt euch niedrig); Psalms 113:6.
(2) to cast down, as walls, Isaiah 25:12.
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