the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #8213 - שָׁפֵל
1) to be or become low, sink, be humbled, be abased
1a) (Qal) to be or become low
1b1) to lay or bring low, humiliate
1b2) to set in a lower place, show abasement
1b3) to make low, sit down
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Isaiah 2:11; 2 feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ Isaiah 29:4, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּשְׁמַּל Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15; 3 feminine plural תִּשְׁמַּלְנָה Isaiah 5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַל Ecclesiastes 12:4; Proverbs 16:19, see below; —
1 all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isaiah 10:33 ("" גְּדֻעִים), mountains Isaiah 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא Isaiah 2:12 (but read, for ׳שׁ, נִשְׂגָּב [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ [Lag], so Du Che Hpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15, his loftiness Isaiah 2:17, haughty eyes Isaiah 2:11 (all "" שָׁחַח), Isaiah 5:15; of city Isaiah 32:19; as helping verb (= adverb) מֵאֶרֶץ׳וְשׁ תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי Isaiah 29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges§ 120g; "" מֵעָפָר תִּשַׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ).
2שְׁפַלרֿוּחַ Proverbs 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל.
3 of sound Ecclesiastes 12:4.
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׁמִּיל Isaiah 25:12, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַשְׁמִּיל Psalm 75:8, suffix יַשְׁמִּילֶנָּה יַשְׁמִּילָהּ Isaiah 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) הַשְׁמִּילֵ (הוּׅ Job 40:11; Jeremiah 13:18; Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁמִּילְךָ Proverbs 25:7 ( Ezekiel 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁמֵּיל, "" הַגְבֵּהַּ, so Co Krae Ges§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁמִּיל 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 147:6; מַשְׁמִּילִי (Ges§ 90l) Psalm 113:6; —
1 usually figurative, ׳י subject, lay low, tree Ezekiel 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי); city Isaiah 26:5 ("" הֵשַׁח); fortress Isaiah 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח; Du thinks doublet of Isaiah 26:5); humiliate pride Isaiah 26:11; Isaiah 13:11, compare Job 40:11; object עֵינַיִםרָמוֺת Psalm 18:28, so read also "" 2 Samuel 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם׳מַשׁ׳י 1 Samuel 2:7, רְשָׁעִים Psalm 147:6; וְזֶה יָרִים׳זֶה יַשׁ Psalm 75:8, compare Ezekiel 21:31.
2 hum. subject set one in a lower place Proverbs 25:7; subject hum. pride Proverbs 29:23; declar. Isaiah 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל.
3 as helping verb: + verb coordinate, שֵׁ֑בוּ׳הַשׁ Jeremiah 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges§ 120g); + infinitive לִרְאוֺת׳מַשׁ Psalm 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. ׳י; "" הַמַּגְבִּיתִי לָשָׁ֑בֶת Psalm 113:5; Ges§ 114 m). — הִשְׁמִּילוּ וַתּאֹמֶר גֵּוָה֑ Job 22:29 is dubious; "" יוֺשִׁעַ favours אֱלוֺהַּ as subject, which Bu conjecture For ׳וַתּאֹ, read then הִשְׁמִּיל, ׳א hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (׳הִשׁ intransitive; AV, compare Lag BN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).
[שְׁפֵל] verb be low (see Biblical Hebrew); —
Haph`el bring low, humble: Perfect 2 masculine singular הַשְׁמֵּלְתְּ לִבְבָח Daniel 5:22 thou hast not humbled thine heart; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְהַשְׁמִּ֑ל Daniel 7:24, Infinitive לְהַשְׁמָּלָה Daniel 4:34, Participle מַשְׁמִּ֑ל Daniel 5:19, all with accusative of person bring low, put down.
שָׁפֵל fut. יִשְׁפַּל inf. שְׁפַל, Arab. سَفَلَ, سَفُلَ to be depressed, to be or become low, used of a mountain, Isaiah 40:4 of a wood, Isaiah 10:33 a city, 32:19. Metaph. to be depressed, is used of
(a) men who are cast down from a high rank, Isaiah 2:9, 11, 12, 17 5:15 10:33.
(b) of the voice, both when low, Isaiah 29:4 and altogether suppressed, Ecclesiastes 12:4. Inf. שְׁפַל רוּחַ to be cast down of spirit, Proverbs 16:19. Compare שָׁפֵל.
(1) to depress, cast down, make low, (opp. to הֵרִים), Psalms 18:28, 75:8. Intrans. to be cast down (pr. to cast (one’s self) down), Job 22:29. Followed by another verb it assumes the nature of an adverb, Jeremiah 13:18, הַשְׁפִּילוּ שֵׁבוּ “humble yourselves, sit down,” i.e. sit down in a low place (feßt euch niedrig); Psalms 113:6.
(2) to cast down, as walls, Isaiah 25:12.