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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7817 - שָׁחַח
1) to bow, crouch, bow down, be bowed down
1a1) to be bowed down, be prostrated, be humbled
1a2) to bow (in homage)
1a3) to bow (of mourner)
1a4) to crouch (of wild beast in lair)
1b) (Niphal) to be prostrated, be humbled, be reduced, be weakened, proceed humbly, be bowed down
1c) (Hiphil) to prostrate, lay low, bow down
1d) (Hithpolel) to be cast down, be despairing
1468) hs (סההה ShHh) AC: Sink CO: Pit AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing sharpness, the h is a picture of wall. Combined these mean "sharp walls". A pit dug into the ground for the purpose of trapping someone or something. To go down or sink down as going into the pit.
V) ehs (סהההה ShHhH) - Bow: To pay homage to another one by bowing low or getting on the knees with the face to the ground. KJV (172): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) worship, bow, obeisance, reverence, fall stoop, crouch - Strongs: H7812 (שָׁחָה)
- A2215 Ksh (Darken, Dark, Darkness)
- A2766 Shr (Boil, Pot)
- A2823 Uhs (Strike)
- A2824 Lhs (Lion)
- A2826 Phs (Thin)
- A2828 Qhs (Beat, Powder)
- A2829 Rhs (Dark, Dawn)
- A2830 Ths (Corrupt)
- A2876 Oqs (Sink, Deep)
- A3063 Roqs (Pit)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
crouch (Late Hebrew id.; Tel Amarna ša—âhu (Wkl TelAm. Vocab.), prostrate oneself, probably Canaanism; Assyrian ša—â—u is oppress, torment); —
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive וְשַׁח Isaiah 2:11,17,1singular שַׁחִ֫וֺתִי Psalm 38:7, שַׁחֹ֫תִי Psalm 35:14,3plural שׁחֲחוּ Job 9:13, שַׁחוּ Habakkuk 3:6; Proverbs 14:19; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָשֹׁחַ Psalm 10:10,3masculine plural יָשֹׁ֫חוּ Job 38:40, וַיָּשֹׁ֫חוּ Psalm 107:39; Infinitive construct (= absolute, as adverb, Ges§ 118q Kö ii. 2, §§ 221,402 d compare also Ba NB 164) שְׁחוֺחַ Isaiah 60:14; —
1 be bowed down, prostrated, humbled, by ׳י, Isaiah 2:11,17 (both "" שָׁפֵל), Habakkuk 3:6 (of hills), Job 9:13 (׳תַּחְתָּו שׁ), Psalm 107:39 (+ מָעַט); by man Psalm 10:10.
2 bow in homage, לִפְנֵי person Proverbs 14:19; וְהָֽלְבוּ אֵלַיִח שְׁחוֺחַ Isaiah 60:14 ("" הִשְׁתַּחֲווּ).
3 bow, of mourner (קֹדֵר), Psalm 35:14; Psalm 38:7.
4 crouch, of wild beast in lair Job 38:40.
Niph`al Imperfect be prostrated, humbled: וַיִּשַּׁח אָדָם Isaiah 2:9 ("" שָׁפֵל) = Isaiah 5:15 ("" id.); be reduced, weakened, יִשַּׁ֫חוּ כָּלבְּֿנוֺת הַשִּׁיר Ecclesiastes 12:4; = proceed humbly, of words מֵעָפָר Isaiah 29:4 ("" שָׁפֵל).
Hiph`il prostrate, lay low, city, walls, etc.; Perfect 3 masculine singular הֵךְַ Isaiah 25:12; Isaiah 26:5 (both "" הִשְׁמִּיל).
Hithpo`el be cast down, despairing: Imperfect 3 feminine singular תִּשְׁתּוֺחָ֑ח Psalm 42:7,2feminine singular תִּשְׁתּוֺחֲחִי Psalm 42:6; Psalm 42:12; Psalm 43:5 (all with subject נַפְשִׁי).
שָׁחַח i.q. שׁוּהַ and שָׁחָה (compare שָׁכַךְ), pret. שַׁחוֹתִי, plur. שַׁחוּ and שָׁחֲחוּ, fut. יָשׂחַ.
(1) to sink down, Habakkuk 3:6 used of beasts of prey couching down and lying in wait in their lairs, Job 38:40.
(2) to be bowed down, cast down, Psalms 10:10, 107:39 Isaiah 2:11, 17 specially with sickness, Psalms 35:14, 38:7 Lamentations 3:20 also, to submit oneself. Isaiah 60:14, וְהָֽלְכוּ אֵלַיִךְ שְׁחוֹחַ “they shall come to thee bowing down.” Job 9:13; Proverbs 14:19.
Niphal, to be bowed down, Isaiah 2:9, 5:15. Used of a depressed and attenuated voice, Ecclesiastes 12:4. Pregn. Isaiah 29:4, וּמֵעָפָר תִּשַּׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ “and thy depressed (slender) voice shall be heard from the dust.”
Hiphil, to bring down, to humble, Isaiah 25:12, 26:5.
Hithpoel, to be cast down (the soul), Psalms 42:7, 12 Ps4 2:12 43:5.