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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7682 - שָׂגַב
1) to be high, be inaccessibly high
1a1) to be (too) high (for capture)
1a2) to be high (of prosperity)
1b1) to be high
1b2) to be set on high, be (safely) set on high
1b3) to be exalted (of God)
1c1) to set on high, set (securely) on high
1c2) to exalt, exalt (in effective hostility)
1d) (Pual) to be set (securely) on high
1e) (Hiphil) to act exaltedly
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 3 feminine singular שָֽׂגְבָה Deuteronomy 2:36, of city, with מִן, be (too) high for capture.
2 3 masculine plural שָֽׂגְבוּ Job 5:11 of person, be high in prosperity.
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִשְׂגַּב Isaiah 2:11,17; נִשְׂגָָּֽכ Proverbs 18:10; 3 feminine singular נִשְׂגְּבָה Psalm 139:6 Participle נִשְׂגָּב Isaiah 12:4 +; feminine singular נִשְׂגָּבָה Isaiah 26:5 +; —
1 be high, walls Isaiah 30:13; Proverbs 18:11; city Isaiah 26:5; God's knowledge Psalm 139:6 (unattainable).
2 be (safely) set on high, Proverbs 18:10.
3 be exalted, of God Isaiah 2:11,17; Isaiah 33:5; his name Isaiah 12:4; Psalm 148:13.
Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְשַׂגֵּב Isaiah 9:10; Psalm 107:41; suffix יְשַׂגֶּבְךָ Psalm 20:2, etc.; — transitive with accusative:
1 set (securely) on high, Psalm 20:2; Psalm 69:30; Psalm 91:14; c, מִן, of foe Psalm 59:2, affliction Psalm 107:41.
2 exalt, in effective hostility, with עַל, Isaiah 9:10.
Pu`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְשֻׂגָ֑ב Proverbs 29:25 be set (securely) on high.
Hiph`il Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַשְׂגִּיב Job 36:22 God acts exaltedly בְּכֹחוֺ.
שָׂגַב i.q. רוּם, but (except Deuteronomy 2:3) only found in poetry.
(1) to lift oneself up (cogn. to the root גָּבַב, compare שָׂגָא i.q. גָּאָה), Job 5:11.
(2) to be lofty, of an inaccessible city, Deuteronomy 2:36.
Niphal, to be high, Proverbs 18:11. Figuratively
(a) to be most high, of God, Psalms 148:13; Isaiah 2:11.
(b) to be set in a high place; hence to be safely protected, Proverbs 18:10, compare מִשְׂגָּב.
(c) to be hard to be understood, Psalms 139:6.
Piel, to set on high, to exalt any one; always metaph.
(a) to make powerful, Isaiah 9:10.
(b) to protect safely, Psalms 20:2, 69:30 91:14 followed by מִן from an enemy (compare מִן No. 3, a), Psalms 59:2, 107:41.
Pual, pass. of Piel, letter b, Proverbs 29:25.
Hiphil, to exalt oneself, to shew oneself exalted, Job 36:22.
Derivatives, מִשְׂגָּב, and pr.n. שְׂגוּב.