the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7503 - רָפָה
1) to sink, relax, sink down, let drop, be disheartened
1a1) to sink down
1a2) to sink, drop
1a3) to sink, relax, abate
1a4) to relax, withdraw
1b) (Niphal) idle (participle)
1c) (Piel) to let drop
1d1) to let drop, abandon, relax, refrain, forsake
1d2) to let go
1d3) to refrain, let alone
1d4) to be quiet
1e) (Hithpael) to show oneself slack
1454) pr (רפ RP) AC: Heal CO: Medicine AB: Sick: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the p is a picture of an open mouth. Combined these mean "man open". Wounds, sickness and illnesses are cured with medicines made from plant materials which were pulverized into a medicinal power.
A) pr (רפ RP) AC: Heal CO: Idol AB: ?
im ) prt (תרפ TRP) - Idol: A household idol of a god, possible believed to have a healing power. KJV (15): image, teraphim, idol, idolatry - Strongs: H8655 (תְּרָפִים)
E) apr (רפא RPA) AC: Heal CO: Medicine AB: ?
V) apr (רפא RPA) - Heal: [df: hpr] KJV (67): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) heal, physician, cure, repair - Strongs: H7495 (רָפָה)
Nm ) apr (רפא RPA) - Dead: KJV (8): dead, deceased - Strongs: H7496 (רְפָאִים)
am) aprm (מרפא MRPA) - Health: KJV (16): healing, cure, healing, sound, wholesome, yielding - Strongs: H4832 (מַרְפֵּא)
df1) eafpr (רפואה RPWAH) - Medicine: KJV (3): medicine - Strongs: H7499 (רְפוּאָה)
ef3) tfapir (ריפאות RYPAWT) - Health: KJV (1): health - Strongs: H7500 (רִפְאוּת)
H) epr (רפה RPH) AC: Weak CO: ? AB: ?: One weakened by illness or disease.
V) epr (רפה RPH) - Weak: To be weak from sickness, laziness or work. KJV (46): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) feeble, fail, weaken, go, alone, idle, stay, slack, faint, forsake, abate, cease - Strongs: H7503 (רָפָה)
Nm) epr (רפה RPH) - Weak: KJV (4): weak - Strongs: H7504 (רָפֶה)
J) pfr (רופ RWP) AC: Pulverize CO: Medicine AB: ?
V) pfr (רופ RWP) - Pulverize: KJV (1): (vf: Piel) tremble - Strongs: H7322 (רוּף)
if1) epfrt (תרופה TRWPH) - Medicine: KJV (1): medicine - Strongs: H8644 (תְּרוּפָה)
M) pir (ריפ RYP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Sick
Nf1 ) epir (ריפה RYPH) - Wheat: A grain pulverized with a mortar and pestle for making a flour. KJV (2): wheat, corn - Strongs: H7383 (רִפָה)
fjm) nfipir (ריפיונ RYPYWN) - Feeble: KJV (1): feeblenss - Strongs: H7510 (רִפָּיוֹן)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular Judges 19:9 (yet see below); 3 feminine singular רָֽפִ֑תָה Judges 8:3; Jeremiah 49:24, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִרְמֶּה Isaiah 5:24, וַיִּרֶף Exodus 4:26 (see below), etc.; —
1 sink down, of hay in flame Isaiah 5:24; sink, decline, of day Judges 19:9 (si vera lectio; ᵐ5 L κέκλικεν, GFM נָטָה [but how explain the difficult רפה?]). Usu.
2 sink, drop (of wings, see
Pi`el), of hands, with מִן Nehemiah 6:9 their hands will drop from the work (in fear); elsewhere absolute figurative = lose heart, energy, 2 Samuel 4:1; Isaiah 13:7; Jeremiah 6:24; Jeremiah 50:43; Ezekiel 7:17; Ezekiel 21:12; Zephaniah 3:16; יָרַיִם omitted Jeremiah 49:24.
3 sink, relax, abate, of temper Judges 8:3 (+ מֵעַל person).
4 relax, withdraw, subject ׳י, מִן person Exodus 4:26 (J), i.e. let one alone (but read perhaps וַיֶרֶף, see Hiph`il).
Niph`al Participle plural נִרְמִּים idle Exodus 5:8,17 (J).
Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular רִמָּה Job 12:21; Imperfect 3 feminine plural תְּרַמֶּינָה Ezekiel 1:24,25; Participle מְרַמֵּא (Ges§ 75rr) Jeremiah 38:4; plural מְמִַּים Ezra 4:4; — causative: let wings drop Ezekiel 1:24,25 (read
Qal, כנפיהם subject, ᵐ5 Co Toy Krae and others, who strike out in Ezekiel 1:25); loosen and let drop, girdle of mighty, figurative for weaken them Job 12:21; with accusative hands, figurative for enfeeble, dishearten Jeremiah 38:4; Ezra 4:4.
Hiph`il Imperfect, 3 masculine singular suffix יַרְמְּךָ Deuteronomy 4:31 +; jussive 2 masculine singular תֶּ֫רֶף Joshua 10:6 +, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַרְמֵּה Judges 11:37; 2 Kings 4:27; הֶֶ֫רֶךָ Deuteronomy 9:14 +; masculine plural הַרְמּוּ Psalm 46:11; — causative,
1 let drop, the hand 2 Samuel 24:16 = 1 Chronicles 21:15; figurative, + מִן person, = abandon, Joshua 10:6 (JE); perhaps also (יָד omitted) = relax, refrain Exodus 4:26 (reading וַיֶרֶף, see
Qal); accusative of thing, = abandon, forsake, Nehemiah 6:3, so (subject ׳י) Psalm 138:8; subject ׳י, with accusative of person, Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 31:6,8; Joshua 1:5 (D), 1 Chronicles 28:20.
2 let go, suffix person, Song of Solomon 3:4 (opposed to אחז); figurative, accusative (omitted) מוּסָר, Proverbs 4:13 (opposed to החזיק), צְדָקָה Job 27:6 (opposed to id.).
3 refrain, with מִן person, = let one alone Judges 11:37; Deuteronomy 9:14, מִן of anger Psalm 37:8; with ל person 1 Samuel 11:3; 2 Kings 4:27; accusative of person Job 7:19; absolute let alone, i.e. do nothing, be quiet, 1 Samuel 15:16; Psalm 46:11 (compare Weir in Dr 1 Samuel 15:16). — Jeremiah 3:22; Job 5:18; Psalm 60:4 see רָפָא.
Hithpa`el Perfect 2 masculine singular הִתְרַמִּיתָ Proverbs 24:10 hast shewn thyself slack; Participle מִתְרַמֶּה Proverbs 18:9 one shewing himself slack, plural מִתְרַמִּים Joshua 18:3. — See also רָפָא heal.
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רָפָה fut. apoc. יִדֶף
(1) pr. to cast, to throw, i.q. רָמָה, ῥίπτω, whence pr.n. רָפָה (casting forth, throwing down), specially
(2) to cast down, to let fall, especially the hand, die Hand fallen laffen, see Piel, Hiphil. In Kal intrans. to decline as the day, i.e. to draw to a close, Judges 19:9 used of hay in the fire, i.e. to sink down, Isai. 5:24 followed by מִן to relax, to desist from any person or thing, Exodus 4:26; Judges 8:3; Nehemiah 6:9.
(3) to be let down, especially of the hand, 2 Chronicles 15:7, אַל־יִרְפּוּ יְדֵיכֶם “let not your hands hang down,” i.e. be not lazy in the work. Relaxed hands are very often ascribed to those who have lost their courage. 2 Samuel 4:1, וַיִּרְפּוּ יָדָיו “and his hands were let down,” his courage was gone, Isaiah 13:7; Jeremiah 6:24, 50:43 Ezekiel 7:17, 21:12 Zephaniah 3:16. Used also of a person himself, Jeremiah 49:24, רָֽפְתָה דַמֶּשֶׂק “Damascus (i.e. its inhabitants) has become fainthearted.”
Niphal, to be slack, remiss, idle, Exodus 5:8, 17.
Piel, to let down, e.g. wings, Ezekiel 1:24, 25 Ezekiel 1:25 a girdle (i.e. to loosen), Job 12:21. Specially to let down any one’s hands, i.q. to destroy his courage (compare Kal No. 2), Jeremiah 38:4; Ezra 4:4.
Hiphil, הִרְפָּה, imp. and fut. apoc. הֶרֶף and יֶרֶף
(1) to let down the hand. 2 Samuel 24:16, הֶרֶף יָדֶ֑ךָ “let down thy hand,” i.e. stop from inflicting plagues. Followed by מִן for, to desert, to forsake any one, Joshua 10:6. Without יָד, to let down (the hand), i.e. to desist, followed by מִן from any person or thing, Judges 11:37; Deuteronomy 9:14.
(2) to leave off any thing, e.g. a work begun, Nehemiah 6:3 instruction, Proverbs 4:13 any person, i.e. to desert him, i.q. עָזַב Nehemiah 6:3 Deuteron. 4:31 31:6, Deuteronomy 31:8; Joshua 1:5; Psalms 138:8. Absol. Psalms 46:11, “leave off (your own attempts) and know.” 1 Samuel 15:16.
(3) to let any one go (opp. to, to lay hold of, to detain); followed by an acc. Song of Solomon 3:4; Job 7:19, 27:6.
Hithpael, to shew oneself remiss
(a) to be lazy, Job 18:3; Proverbs 18:9.
(b) to lose one’s courage, Proverbs 24:10.
Derivatives, רָפֶה, רִפְוֹן.
רָפָה stands not unfrequently for רָפָא to heal, (compare קָרָא No. II.=קָרָה). In this sense there occurs imp. רְפָה (for רְפָא) Psalms 60:4 fut. תִּרְפֶּינָה Job 5:18.
Niphal, נִרְפָּתָה Jeremiah 51:9 inf. הֵרָפֵה Jeremiah 19:11 fut. יֵרָפוּ. 2 Kings 2:22.
Piel, יְרַפּוּ Jeremiah 6:14.
רָפָה (“casting down,” “throwing down,” i.e. a hero, a champion, a giant) [Raphah], pr.n.
(1) of an ancient giant, whose descendants, who were also giants, were called יְלִידֵי הָרָפָה and רְפָאִים; see that word.
(2) 1 Chronicles 8:37 for which there is 1 Chronicles 9:43, רְפָיָה [Rephaiah], (“whom Jehovah healed”).
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.