the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7495 - רָפָה
1) to heal, make healthful
1a) (Qal) to heal
1a1) of God
1a2) healer, physician (of men)
1a3) of hurts of nations involving restored favour (figuratively)
1a4) of individual distresses (figuratively)
1b) (Niphal) to be healed
1b1) literal (of persons)
1b2) of water, pottery
1b3) of national hurts (figuratively)
1b4) of personal distress (figuratively)
1c) (Piel) to heal
1c2) of national defects or hurts (figuratively)
1d) (Hithpael) in order to get healed (infinitive)
1454) pr (רפ RP) AC: Heal CO: Medicine AB: Sick: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the p is a picture of an open mouth. Combined these mean "man open". Wounds, sickness and illnesses are cured with medicines made from plant materials which were pulverized into a medicinal power.
V) epr (רפה RPH) - Weak: To be weak from sickness, laziness or work. KJV (46): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) feeble, fail, weaken, go, alone, idle, stay, slack, faint, forsake, abate, cease - Strongs: H7503 (רָפָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive ׳וְר Isaiah 6:10, suffix וּרְפָאָם Isaiah 19:22,1singular suffix consecutive וּרְפָאתִיו Isaiah 57:19, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִרְמָּא 2 Kings 20:8 +, suffix יִרְמָּאֵנוּ Hosea 6:1,1singular אֶרְמָּא Hosea 14:5 +, אֶרְמָּה (Ges§ 75pp) Jeremiah 3:22; 3 feminine plural תִּרְמֶּינָה (Id ib. qq) Job 5:18, etc.; Imperative masculine singular רְפָא Numbers 12:13, רְפָה (Id ib. pp) Psalm 60:4, רְפָאָ֫ה Psalm 41:5, etc.; Infinitive absolute רָפוֺא Isaiah 19:22; construct לִרְמֹּא Hosea 5:13, etc.; Participle רֹפֵא 2 Kings 20:5 +, etc.; — heal:
a. of God, with accusative of person Genesis 20:17 (E), Psalm 107:20 (suffix), with ל person Numbers 12:13 (JE) 2 Kings 20:5,8.
b. of men, absolute Ecclesiastes 3:3 (opposed to הרג); participle as substantive healer, physician, Genesis 50:2 (twice in verse) (J) 2 Chronicles 16:12.
2 figurative, heal hurts of nation, involving ׳י s (restored) favour (and, often, forgiveness):
a. subject ׳י, with suffix person, Hosea 6:1; Hosea 11:3 (yet compare We Now), Exodus 15:26 (J), Isaiah 19:22 b Isaiah 57:18,19; Jeremiah 33:6; Psalm 30:3, compare Psalm 6:3; with accusative עַם 2 Chronicles 30:20, with accusative אֶרֶץ 2 Chronicles 7:14; with ל of nation Hosea 7:1, and (indefinite subject) Isaiah 6:10 (lest) one heal them (= passive, they be healed); with accusative of hurt, מִחַץ מַכָּתוֺ Isaiah 30:26, שְׁבָרִים (of land) Psalm 60:4, so מְשׁוּבָה Hosea 14:5; Jeremiah 3:22 (including the consequences of backsliding); with ל of hurt Psalm 103:3; accusative nation (personified) + מִן of hurt Jeremiah 30:17 I will heal thee of thy wounds ("" אֶרְמָּאֵךְ); absolute Isaiah 19:22 a (opposed to נגף), Deuteronomy 32:39 (opposed to מחץ); participle as substantive healer, physician Jeremiah 8:22.
b. human subject, withל of nation, Hosea 5:13, compare Lamentations 2:13.
3. a. figurative, heal individual distresses, with suffix person Jeremiah 17:14, with accusative נַפְשִׁי = me Jeremiah 41:5, with ל person, לִשְׁבוּרֵי לֵב Psalm 147:3 (i.e. longing exiles, compare Isaiah 61:3); absolute Job 5:18 (opposed to מחץ); participle as substantive Job 13:4.
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִרְמָּא Leviticus 13:37 +, 3 feminine singular נִרְמָּ֑תָה (Ges§ 75qq) Jeremiah 51:9; 3 plural וְנִרְמּאו consecutive Ezekiel 47:8; Imperfect 2 masculine singular תֵּרָפֵא Jeremiah 51:8; 3 masculine plural יֵרָֽפְאוּ Ezekiel 47:9,11, וַיֵּרָפו (Ges l.c.) 2 Kings 2:22, etc.; Infinitive construct הֵרָפֵא Jeremiah 15:18 +, הֵרָפֵה (Id ib.) Jeremiah 19:11; — be healed:
1 literally, of person 1 Samuel 6:3; + accusative of disease Deuteronomy 28:27,35; subject disease Leviticus 13:18,37; Leviticus 14:3,48; of (bad) water 2 Kings 2:22, salt waters (prediction), i.e. be made fresh, Ezekiel 47:8,9,11; of (broken) pottery, i.e. be made whole, Jeremiah 19:11 (in simile).
2 figurative, be healed:
a. of national hurts, subject city Jeremiah 51:8,9; involving forgiveness and ׳י s blessing, impersonal with ל of people, נִרְמָּאלָֿנוּ Isaiah 53:5i.e. healing has come to us.
b. of personal distress, subject person Jeremiah 17:14, subject the distress Jeremiah 15:18.
Pi`el Perfect 1 singular רִמִּאתִי 2 Kings 2:21; 2 masculine plural רְמֵּאתֶם Ezekiel 34:4; 1 plural רִמִּאנוּ Jeremiah 51:9; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְרַמֵּא Exodus 21:19; Zechariah 11:16, וַיְרַמֵּא 1 Kings 18:30; 3 masculine plural וַיְרַמְּאוּ Jeremiah 6:14, וַיְרַמּוּ (Ges§ 75qq) Jeremiah 8:11; Infinitive absolute רַמֹּא Exodus 21:19; — have healed, heal, usually human subject:
1 literal, רַמּאֹ יְרַמֵּא Exodus 21:19 he shall have ( him) well healed; with accusative of altar, = repair, 1 Kings 18:30; with ל of water (subject ׳י) 2 Kings 2:21.
2 figurative of healing national defects and hurts, accusative of person, Ezekiel 34:14; Zechariah 11:16; work at healing, treat (accusative of hurt) Jeremiah 6:14; Jeremiah 8:11 (both עַלנְֿקַלָּה, see [ קָלַל] Niph`al 2), Jeremiah 51:9.
Hithpa`el Infinitive construct of purpose, לְהִתְרַמֵּא, literally, in order to get healed, + מִן of wounds 2 Kings 8:29 = 2 Kings 9:15, so "" 2 Chronicles 22:6 (read with ᵐ5מִן for כִּי, compare Be Kau Benz).
רָפָה fut. apoc. יִדֶף
(1) pr. to cast, to throw, i.q. רָמָה, ῥίπτω, whence pr.n. רָפָה (casting forth, throwing down), specially
(2) to cast down, to let fall, especially the hand, die Hand fallen laffen, see Piel, Hiphil. In Kal intrans. to decline as the day, i.e. to draw to a close, Judges 19:9 used of hay in the fire, i.e. to sink down, Isai. 5:24 followed by מִן to relax, to desist from any person or thing, Exodus 4:26; Judges 8:3; Nehemiah 6:9.
(3) to be let down, especially of the hand, 2 Chronicles 15:7, אַל־יִרְפּוּ יְדֵיכֶם “let not your hands hang down,” i.e. be not lazy in the work. Relaxed hands are very often ascribed to those who have lost their courage. 2 Samuel 4:1, וַיִּרְפּוּ יָדָיו “and his hands were let down,” his courage was gone, Isaiah 13:7; Jeremiah 6:24, 50:43 Ezekiel 7:17, 21:12 Zephaniah 3:16. Used also of a person himself, Jeremiah 49:24, רָֽפְתָה דַמֶּשֶׂק “Damascus (i.e. its inhabitants) has become fainthearted.”
Niphal, to be slack, remiss, idle, Exodus 5:8, 17.
Piel, to let down, e.g. wings, Ezekiel 1:24, 25 Ezekiel 1:25 a girdle (i.e. to loosen), Job 12:21. Specially to let down any one’s hands, i.q. to destroy his courage (compare Kal No. 2), Jeremiah 38:4; Ezra 4:4.
Hiphil, הִרְפָּה, imp. and fut. apoc. הֶרֶף and יֶרֶף
(1) to let down the hand. 2 Samuel 24:16, הֶרֶף יָדֶ֑ךָ “let down thy hand,” i.e. stop from inflicting plagues. Followed by מִן for, to desert, to forsake any one, Joshua 10:6. Without יָד, to let down (the hand), i.e. to desist, followed by מִן from any person or thing, Judges 11:37; Deuteronomy 9:14.
(2) to leave off any thing, e.g. a work begun, Nehemiah 6:3 instruction, Proverbs 4:13 any person, i.e. to desert him, i.q. עָזַב Nehemiah 6:3 Deuteron. 4:31 31:6, Deuteronomy 31:8; Joshua 1:5; Psalms 138:8. Absol. Psalms 46:11, “leave off (your own attempts) and know.” 1 Samuel 15:16.
(3) to let any one go (opp. to, to lay hold of, to detain); followed by an acc. Song of Solomon 3:4; Job 7:19, 27:6.
Hithpael, to shew oneself remiss
(a) to be lazy, Job 18:3; Proverbs 18:9.
(b) to lose one’s courage, Proverbs 24:10.
Derivatives, רָפֶה, רִפְוֹן.
רָפָה stands not unfrequently for רָפָא to heal, (compare קָרָא No. II.=קָרָה). In this sense there occurs imp. רְפָה (for רְפָא) Psalms 60:4 fut. תִּרְפֶּינָה Job 5:18.
Niphal, נִרְפָּתָה Jeremiah 51:9 inf. הֵרָפֵה Jeremiah 19:11 fut. יֵרָפוּ. 2 Kings 2:22.
Piel, יְרַפּוּ Jeremiah 6:14.
רָפָה (“casting down,” “throwing down,” i.e. a hero, a champion, a giant) [Raphah], pr.n.
(1) of an ancient giant, whose descendants, who were also giants, were called יְלִידֵי הָרָפָה and רְפָאִים; see that word.
(2) 1 Chronicles 8:37 for which there is 1 Chronicles 9:43, רְפָיָה [Rephaiah], (“whom Jehovah healed”).
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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