the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #693 - אָרַב
1) to lie in wait, ambush, lurk
1a1) to lie in wait
1a2) ambush (participle as subst)
1b) (Piel) ambushers, liers-in-wait (plural participle)
1c) (Hiphil) to lay an ambush
1439) br (רב RB) AC: Rule CO: Master AB: Increase: The pictograph r is a picture of a head, the b is a picture of the tent representing the family. Combined these mean "head of the family". Each family has a master that rules all cases, trials, conflicts and contests. This person was the representative for the whole tribe, one abundant in authority and wisdom. (see Exodus 18:25) .
Nm) br (רב RB) - I. Master:One who is abundant in authority. II. Abundant:An abundance of numbers (many) or strength (great) . From the idea of greatness in authority. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Archer:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (475): many, great, much, captain, more, long, enough, multitude, mighty, greater, greatly, archer - Strongs: H7227 (רַב), H7228 (רַב), H7229 (רַב)
V) bbr (רבב RBB) - I. Increase:To grow in number. II. Shoot:The shooting of arrows from an archer. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (19): (vf: Paal, Pual) many, multiply, increase, more, manifold, thousand, shoot - Strongs: H7231 (רָבַב), H7232 (רָבַב)
V) ebr (רבה RBH) - Increase: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (232): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) multiply, increase, much, more, long, store, exceedingly, abundance, grow, great - Strongs: H7235 (רָבָה), H7236 (רְבָה)
Nm) bfr (רוב RWB) - Abundance: An abundance of numbers (many) or strength (great) . KJV (155): multitude, abundance, great, greatness, much, abundantly, plenty, many, long, excellent - Strongs: H7230 (רֹב)
- A2742 Dbr (Spread, Sheet)
- A2744 Obr (Square)
- A2745 Ybr (Lay, Palate)
- A2746 Qbr (Stall)
- A2785 Dpr (Spread)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect וְאָרַב consecutive Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 21:20; אָרָֽבְתִּי׃ Job 31:9; אָֽרְבוּ Psalm 59:4; Lamentations 4:19; Imperfect יֶאֱרֹב Psalm 10:9 (twice in verse); יֶאֱרֹ֑בוּ Proverbs 1:18; Micah 7:2; וָיֶּ אֶרְבוּ Judges 9:34; Judges 16:2; נֶָֽאֶרְבָה Proverbs 1:11; Imperative אֱרֹב Judges 9:32; Infinitive אֱרָבֿ Proverbs 12:6; Participle אֹרֵב Joshua 8:2 11t.; אוֺרֵב Joshua 8:12 4t.; אֹרְבִים Joshua 8:4 2 t; — lie in wait (with hostile purpose), absolute Judges 9:32,43 + Judges 21:20; Job 31:9; Psalm 10:9; Proverbs 7:12; Proverbs 23:28; 1 Samuel 22:8,13; Lamentations 3:10 (of bear, compare Psalm 10:9); with infinitive of purpose Psalm 10:9; with accusative דָּם׳א Proverbs 12:6; with עַל, and person against whom Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 9:34; usually with ל Micah 7:2; Judges 16:2; Psalm 59:4; Proverbs 1:11,18; Proverbs 24:15; Lamentations 4:19 compare Joshua 8:2,4,14; Participle as substantive = liers-in-wait (plural) Judges 20:29; usually singular collective ambush Joshua 8:2,12,14,19,21; Judges 16:9,12; Judges 20:33,36,37 (twice in verse); Judges 20:38; Ezra 8:31; plural of this singular = ambuscades Jeremiah 51:12; singular = place of lying-in-wait, ambush (local sense) Joshua 8:7.
Pi`el Participle plural liers-in-wait id quod
Qal Participle מְאָֽרְבִים Judges 9:25 (with ל), 2 Chronicles 20:22 (with עַל). ?
Hiph`il Imperfect זַיָּרֶבבנחל (for וַיַּאֲרֶב) 1 Samuel 15:5 (compare Dr Kö i. 390; Ges-Kau§ 68. 2queries) but text dubious; compare Ol§ 237b, & Klo, who proposes ויעבר בנחל.
אָרַב fut. יֶאֱרֹב
(1). to knot, to weave, to intertwine, whence אֲרֻבָּה a net, net-work. (Kindred is עָרַב to mingle. Arab. أَرَبَ to tie a knot, II. id., أَرْبَةُ a knot.)
(2) to lie in wait. (Arab. أَرِبَ to be cunning, astute, III. to act cunningly (prop. intricately). Verbs of intertwining, weaving, also of twisting, spinning, are often applied to craftiness and snares, and are opposed to upright and open course of acting. Comp. עָמַר, פָּתַל, Gr. δόλον, μῆτιν ὑφαίνειν, κακά, δόλον ῥάπτειν, nectere insidias, scelera, suere dolos, Germ. Trug fpinnen, anzetteln.) Constr. followed by לְ, Psalms 59:4; Proverbs 24:15; Joshua 8:4 followed by an acc., Proverbs 12:6 עַל Judges 9:34. Elsewhere put absolutely, for to watch in ambush, Judges 9:34, 21:20 followed by a gerund, Pro. loc. cit.; Psalms 10:9. Part. אוֹרֵב, הָאוֹרֵב a lier in wait, often coll. liers in wait, a body of soldiers set in ambush, Joshua 8:14, 19 Joshua 8:19, 21 Joshua 8:21; Judges 20:33, seq.; hence construed with a plur., loc. cit. verse 37 Judges 20:37.
Piel, i.q. Kal, construed followed by עַל, 2 Chronicles 20:22, absol. Judges 9:25.
Hiphil, to set an ambush. Fut. וַיָּרֶב for וַיַּאֲרֶב, 1 Samuel 15:5.
The derivatives follow, except מַאֲרָב.