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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6738 - צֵל
1) shadow, shade
1a) shadow (on dial)
1b) shadow, shade (as protection)
1c) shadow (symbolic of transitoriness of life)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 shadow on dial 2 Kings 20:9,10 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 20:11 "" Isaiah 38:8; צִלְלֶיעָֿ֑רֶב Jeremiah 6:4, compare Song of Solomon 2:17; Song of Solomon 4:6; of mountain Judges 9:36.
2 shadow, shade, as protection (from sun): of branches, Judges 9:15 (in allegory), Hosea 4:13; Job 40:22; Jonah 4:5,6 and (in figurative) Hosea 14:8; Ezekiel 17:23; Ezekiel 31:6,12,17; Psalm 80:11; Song of Solomon 2:3 (of refreshment, delight); of rock Isaiah 32:2 (simile); קֹרָתִי׳צ Genesis 19:8 shadow of my roof; of cloud Isaiah 25:4 and (figurative of ׳י s protection) Isaiah 4:6; Isaiah 25:4, so probably Isaiah 16:3; כְּנָפֶיךָ׳צ shadow of thy wings, figurative of ׳י's protection Psalm 17:8; Psalm 36:8; Psalm 57:2; Psalm 63:8; shade, in General, Job 7:2, figurative of ׳י Psalm 121:5; hence = protection, defence, of city (wall) Jeremiah 48:45; of ׳י Numbers 14:9 (JE), Psalm 91:1 (see also proper name בְּצַלְאֵל), compare צֵל יָדוֺ Isaiah 49:2 (covering prophet, under figure of sword), Isaiah 51:16 (covering people); of human ally Isaiah 30:2,3, of king Lamentations 4:20; also of wisdom Ecclesiastes 7:12, money Ecclesiastes 7:12. — בְּצִלָּהּ Isaiah 34:15 apparently reference to קִמּוֺז, but improbable; read perhaps בֵּצֶיהָ her eggs Du Che Hpt (Che Heb Hpt transpose וּבָֽקְעָה וְדָֽגְרָה).
3 shadow as symbol of transitoriness of life Job 8:9; Job 14:2; Psalm 144:4 (כְּצֵל עוֺבֵר), Ecclesiastes 6:12; Ecclesiastes 8:13; כְּצֵל נָטוּי of an individual Life near its end Psalm 102:12, So כְּצֵל כִּנְטוֺתוֺ Psalm 109:23; in simile of emaciated members, וִיצֻרַי כַּצֵּל Job 17:7.
צִלְלוֺ, צְלָלִים, צִלְלֵי see צֶל. above
צֵל m. (f. Isaiah 37:8, compare the form צִלָּה), with suff. צִלִּי (from the root צָלַל No. III) a shadow (Arab. ظِلُّ), Judges 9:36; Psalms 80:11, etc. Metaph. Job 17:7, “all my members (are) like a shadow,” i.e. scarce a shadow of my body remains. Also
(a) used of anything fleeting and transient, Job 8:9 Psal. 102:12 Ecclesiastes 8:13.
(b) of a roof which affords shade and protection (compare Lat. umbra); hence used for protection and defence; preserving sometimes however the image of a shadow, Psalms 17:8, 36:8 Isaiah 16:3, “make thy shadow at noon as in the night,” i.e. afford a safe refuge in glowing heat. Isaiah 23:4, “thou (O Jehovah) art a shadow in heat;” sometimes not retaining the image, Numbers 14:9; Ecclesiastes 7:12. In plur. is used the form צְלָלִים.