the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6670 - צָהַל
1) to neigh, cry shrilly
1a1) to neigh (of men as stallions — figuratively)
1a2) (Piel) to cry shrilly (in distress)
2) (Hiphil) to make shining
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular צָֽהֲלָה Esther 8:15; 3 plural צָֽהֲלוּ Isaiah 24:14; Imperfect 3 masculine plural יִצְהָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 5:8; 2 feminine singular תצהלי Jeremiah 50:11 Kt, Qr 2 masculine plural תִּצְהֲלוּ and so Vrss; Imperative feminine singular צַהֲלִי Isaiah 10:30 +; masculine plural צַהֲלוּ Jeremiah 31:7; —
1 neigh, of men under figure of stallions; with אֶל unto (in desire) Jeremiah 5:8, of profligate Judaeans; absolute Jeremiah 50:11 of arrogant Chaldeans.
2 cry shrilly, in distress Isaiah 10:30 (c. adverb accusative קוֺלֵךְ); usually joy, praise ("" רָנַן) Isaiah 12:6; Isaiah 54:1, with ב at, over, Jeremiah 31:7; Isaiah 24:14; + שָׂמֵ֑חָה Esther 8:15.
II. [צָהַל] verb Hiph`il make shining (Late Hebrew id. (rare); "" form of צהר, denominative from צהרים); — Infinitive construct לְהַצְהִיל מָּנִים מִשָּׁ֑מֶן Psalm 104:15.
(√of following; compare Arabic appear, mount, back, midday; Assyrian ƒêru (Tel Amarna zu°ru, etc.), back; Aramaic טִיהֲרָא, MI15 הצהרם, midday; Lang BN 129; > Kö ii. 1,93 (compare Thes) = shine, "" זהר, Late Hebrew Hiph`il (rare), for this is in Aramaic צהר (rare)); הִצְהִיר Sirach 43:3 is denominative from צהרים.
(1) i.q. צָהַר, זָהַר (see at the root צָחַח ), to shine, see Hiphil. It is applied
(2) to an acute and clear voice; hence to neigh as a horse, (Arab. صهل compare הָלַל and צָלַל), Jeremiah 5:8 to shout for joy, to cry out (for joy), used of persons, Isaiah 12:6, 54:1 followed by בְּ because of anything, Isaiah 24:14.
Piel, causat. of Kal No. 2, but in a bad sense, used of a cry from fear or terror. Isaiah 10:30, צַהֲלִי קוֹלֵךְ “make thy voice shrill,” i.e. cry with a loud voice.
Hiphil, causat. of Kal No. 1, to cause to shine, Psalms 104:15.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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