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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #657 - אֶפֶס
1) ceasing, end, finality
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 end, extremity, only in the poetic phrase אַפְסֵיאֶרֶץ ( Psalm 59:14 הארץ׳א) ends, extreme limits, of the earth, used especially hyperbolically: Deuteronomy 33:17; 1 Samuel 2:10; Micah 5:3; Jeremiah 16:19; Psalm 2:8; Psalm 59:14; Psalm 72:8 (= Zechariah 9:10); + כָּלֿ Isaiah 45:22; Isaiah 52:10b (= Psalm 98:3 b) Psalm 22:28; Psalm 67:8; Proverbs 30:4.
2 Expressing non-existence:
a. as substantive. (mostly a rare poetic synonym of אַיִן): Isaiah 34:12 and all his princes יִהְיוּ אָ֑פֶס shall become nought, ( Isaiah 41:29,12 יִהְיוּ כְאַיִן וּכְאֶפֶס; Isaiah 40:17 מֵאֶפֶס וָתֹהוּ ("" כְּאַיִן) as made of nought and worthlessness are they accounted by him, Isaiah 41:24 (readמָּעָלְכָםמֵאָ֑פֶס, "" מֵאַיִן see אֶפַע); Isaiah 52:4 and Asshur oppressed him בְּאֶפֶס for nought.
b. as particle of negation, prop. cessation of. . ! (compare אֵין ֗֗֗ nought of...), very rare in prose ( 2 Samuel 9:3), chiefly a poetic synonym of ׃אֵין Isaiah 5:8 עַד אֶפֶס מָקוֺם till there is an end of place = till there is no place (compare עַָד אֵין Psalm 40:13), Amos 6:10 (compare אָֽיִן Judges 4:20), Deuteronomy 32:36 (hence, in prose, 2 Kings 14:26), Isaiah 45:6 (compare אָין Isaiah 43:11) Isaiah 43:14; Isaiah 46:9; Isaiah 54:15; אֲנִי וְאַפְסִי עוֺד Zephaniah 2:15; Isaiah 47:8,10 is probably to be rendered, 'I Amos , and there is none besides (so Ges Ew Di etc.), the י being 'paragogic' as in זוּלָתי etc. (Ges§ 90, 3 a Ew§ 211 b), compare וְאֵין עוֺד Isaiah 45:5,6,18,21; but according to De the י is suffix of 1 singular 'I Amos , and I am nought besides' (i.e. and I am nought besides my all-sufficient self). — בְּאֶפֶס (like בְּאֵין, q. v.) without: Proverbs 14:28; Proverbs 26:20; Job 7:6; Daniel 8:25.
c. as adverb of limitation: ( a) only: Numbers 22:35 (compare אַח Numbers 22:20) Numbers 23:13. ( b) אֶפֶס כִּי save that, howbeit (qualifying a preceding statement): Numbers 13:28; Deuteronomy 1:5; Judges 4:9; Amos 9:8 (+ 1 Samuel 1:5 ᵐ5 We Sta Dr). So אֶפֶס alone 2 Samuel 12:14 (the following כִּי signifying because).
[אֹ֫פֶס noun [masculine] only in the
dualאָפְסָ֑ים not ׳א; see Baer), literally the two extremities, i.e. either the soles of the feet (so AW Ges; compare Aramaic מִּיסְּתָא, , or the ankles (so ᵑ6ᵑ7 ᵑ9, & most): only Ezekiel 47:2 ׳מֵי א water of (i.e. reaching to) the soles (or ankles); compare Ezekiel 47:4 מֵימָתְנָ֑יִם water reaching to the loins.
אֶפֶס pr. cessation, hence
(A) subst. m.
(1) end, extremity. אַפְסֵי אֶרֶץ “end s of the earth,” poet. and hyperbol. used of the extreme limits of the earth, Psalms 2:8, 22:28, and elsewhere.
(2) Dual אַפְסַיִם of the extremities, i.e. the soles of the feet. Thus Ezekiel 47:3, מֵי אַפְסַיִם “water of the soles,” i.e. not deep, which would only wet the soles of the feet. Comp. פַּס. Ch., Syr., Vulg. render it ancles.
(1) no farther, i.e. לֹא עוֹד, Isaiah 5:8; Amos 6:10; Deuteronomy 32:36. Also moreover not, Isaiah 45:6, 46:9. There is once added עוֹד, 2 Samuel 9:3 also with Yod paragogic, Isaiah 47:8, 10 Isaiah 47:10; Zephaniah 2:15, אֲנִי וְאַפְסִי עוֹד “I am, and there is none besides.”
(2) not, Isaiah 54:15 בְּאֶפֶס like בְּלֹא without, Job 7:6; Daniel 8:25; Proverbs 14:28.
(3) nothing, Isaiah 41:12, 29 Isaiah 41:29מֵאֶפֶס id. prop.of nothing, Isaiah 40:17 בְּאֶפֶס “on account of nothing,” i.e. without cause, Isaiah 52:4.
(4) adv. of restraining; only, Numbers 22:35 (comp. verse 20 Numbers 22:20); 23:13.
(5) Conj. אֶפֶס כִּי pr. only that, simply, for the conjunction however, nevertheless, Numbers 13:28; Deuteronomy 15:4; Amos 9:8.