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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #970 - βία

probably akin to (G970) (through the idea of vital activity)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. strength, whether of body or mind
  2. strength in violent action, force
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 657 ‑ אֶפֶס (eh'‑fes);  3154 ‑ יֶזַע (yeh'‑zah);  3517 ‑ כְּבֵדֻת (keb‑ay‑dooth');  6531 ‑ פֶּרֶךְ (peh'‑rek);  6986 ‑ קֶטֶב (keh'‑teb);  8633 ‑ תֹּקֶף (to'‑kef);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (4)
NAS (4)
HCS (3)
BSB (3)
ESV (2)
WEB (3)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. βίη [ ], : dat. βίηφι Od. 6.6:


1. bodily strength, force, Hom., etc.; χειρῶν βία B. 10.91: in Hom., periphr. of strong men, βίη Ἡρακληείη Il. 2.658, where the part. masc. πέρσας follows, cf. 11.690; βίη Ἐτεοκληείη, Ἰφικλείη, 4.386, Od. 11.290, etc.; βίη Διομήδεος Il. 5.781; also ἲς.. βίης Ἠρακληείης Hes. Th. 332: so in Lyr. and Trag., Πέλοπος βία B. 5.181; Τυδέως βία, Πολυνείκους β., A. Th. 571, 577; φίλτατ' Αἰγίσθου β. Id. Ch. 893; θήρειος β., = Κένταυροι, S. Tr. 1059.

2. personified, Κράτος Βία τε A. Proverbs 12:1-28.

3. of the mind, οὐκ ἔστι βίη φρεσίν Il. 3.45. of an argument, βίαν οὐκ ἔχειν πρὸς [τὸ] ἀποδειξαι Phld. Sign. 9.


1. act of violence, ὕβρις τε βίη τε Od. 15.329: mostly in pl., κείνων γε βίας ἀποτείσεαι 11.117; βίας ὑποδέγμενος ἀνδρῶν 16.189; βίαι ἀνέμων Il. 16.213.

2. βίᾳ τινός against one's will, in spite of him, A. Th. 746 (lyr.), S. Ant. 79, Th. 1.43, etc.; β. φρενῶν A. Th. 612; β. καρδίας Id. Supp. 798; β. alone as Adv., perforce, Od. 15.231, B. 17.10, A. Pr. 74, al.; βίῃ ἐπειρᾶτο Hdt. 6.5; opp. κατὰ φύσιν, Arist. Ph. 215a1; also πρὸς βίαν τινός A. Eu. 5; πρὸς βίαν ἄγειν τινά Id. Pr. 210, cf. S. OT 805, Eup. 8.10 D., Ar. V. 443, etc.; opp. ἑκών, Pl. Phdr. 236d; ἐκ βίας S. Ph. 563, al., Herod. 5.58; ὑπὸ βίης Hdt. 6.107; ἀπὸ βίας D.S. 20.51; of Zeus, εὐμενεῖ βία κτίσας A. Supp. 1068 (lyr.).

3. in Att. law, rape, βίας δίκη Sch. Pl. R. 464e; βίᾳ αἰσχύνεσθαί τινα Lys. 1.32.

4. = Lat. vis, βίας γραφή D C.37.31, cf. 33; μαρτύρομαι τὴν βίαν POxy. 1120.11 (iii A. D.). (Cf. Skt. jyâ´ jiyâ´ 'preponderating power', jinâti 'oppress'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βία , -ας , ,

[in LXX for H6531, etc.;]

strength, force, violence: Acts 5:26; Acts 21:35; Acts 24:7; Acts 27:41.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A few examples will suffice of this common word—P Petr III. 53 (n).9 (iii/B.C.) π ]ρὸς βὶαν ἔχετ ̣α ̣ι ̣, ";he is forcibly detained"; (Edd.), P Par 38.28 (B.C. 162) περὶ δὲ ἦς πεποίηνται βίας (cf. P Amh II. 35.44—B.C. 132), ib. 15.18 (B.C. 120) καὶ τῇ περὶ ἑαυτοὺς βίᾳ χρώμενοι , P Oxy VIII. 1120.11 (early iii/A.D.) κατὰ τοῦτο μαρτύρομαι τὴν βίαν γυνὴ χήρα καὶ ἀσθενής , ib..20 ὡς ἐν παντὶ σθένει βίαν με σχεῖν , ";so that I am subjected to unmitigated violence"; (Ed.), P Strass I. 5.9 (A.D. 262) πέπονθεν βίαν πα [ρ ]α ̣̣ πάντας τ ̣οὺς νόμου ̣[ς ], ib..18 εἴ τι πρὸ [ς ] βίαν ἐλήμφθη , and P Giss I. 34.12 (A.D. 265–6) βίαν οὐ τ ̣[ ]ν ̣ τυχοῦσαν ἐρ [γ ]άσασθαι . Μετὰ βίας , as in Acts 5:26, occurs in P Tebt I. 5.57 (B.C. 118), Syll 356.33 (B.C. 6), in the latter case associated with ὕβρεως and applied to burglars. Note also P Tebt II. 434.2 (A.D. 104) τῆς βίας αὐτῶν δεομένης τῆς τοῦ κρατίστου ἡγεμόνος δικαιοδοσίας , P Amh II. 78.4 (A.D. 184) βίαν πάσχων ἑκάστοτε ὑπὸ Ἑκυ ̣σεως , Chrest. I. 461.12 (iii/A.D. init.) βίαν [π ]αθὼν [. . . ὑπὸ ] Μάρκου κτλ . It is rather curious that in NT βία is restricted to Ac.




The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βία βιαν βίαν βιας βίας bian bían bias bías
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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