the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #517 - אֵם
1a) of humans
1b) of Deborah’s relationship to the people (figuratively)
1c) of animals
2) point of departure or division
1013) ma (אמ AM) AC: Bind CO: Glue AB: ?: The pictograph a represents strength. The m is water or any other liquid. Combined these pictographs mean "strong liquid". Glue was made by placing the hides and other animal parts of slaughtered animals in a pot of boiling water. As the hide boiled, a thick sticky substance formed at the surface of the water. This substance was removed and used as a binding agent. (eng: arm - with the addition of the r sound)
A) ma (אמ AM) AC: ? CO: Arm AB: ?: The arm that holds things together. The arm is seen as glue that encircles and holds together. A cubit was the length of the arm from elbow to fingertip. The mother of the family is the one who binds the family together by holding in her arms and by the work of her arms.
Nf1) ema (אמה AMH) - I. Cubit:A linear standard of measure equal to the length of the forearm. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Bondwoman:One who is bound to another. KJV (304): cubit, measure, post, handmaid, maidservant, maid, bondwoman, bondmaids - Strongs: H519 (אָמָה), H520 (אַמָּה), H521 (אַמָּה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 literal (human) mother, as parent Genesis 20:12; Genesis 32:12; Genesis 44:20; Exodus 2:8; Psalm 51:7; Psalm 113:9 ( opposed to עֲקֶרֶת) Jeremiah 15:8,10; Jeremiah 20:14; Jeremiah 22:26; Jeremiah 50:12; 1 Chronicles 4:9; Song of Solomon 6:9; Song of Solomon 8:5 +; hence of Eve אֵםכָּלחָֿ֑י Genesis 3:20; in poetry of birth, יָצָא מִבֶּטֶן אֵם Job 1:21; Ecclesiastes 5:14; יָצָא מֵרֶחֶם אֵם Numbers 12:12 compare Psalm 139:13 ( Jeremiah 20:18 &) מִמְּעֵי אִמִּי גּוֺזִי Psalm 71:6 (subject ׳י, compare גחה Psalm 22:10; > גּוֺזִי = my benefactor from birth Thes Ew Hup Pe); also וַתְּהִי אִמִּי קִבְרִי Jeremiah 20:17; מִבֶּטֶן אֵם = from earliest existence Judges 16:17; Job 31:18; Psalm 22:11; so מִמְּעֵי אֵם Isaiah 49:1; as giving suck Song of Solomon 8:1 (שְׁדֵי אֵם) Psalm 22:10; compare Psalm 131:2 (see Exodus 2:9 compare Exodus 2:8); as exercising authority Genesis 21:21; Genesis 24:28; Genesis 27:11,13,14; Judges 17:2 f Ruth 1:8; Song of Solomon 3:4; Song of Solomon 8:2 etc.; especially of queen-mother as possessing dignity & influence 1 Kings 1:11; 1 Kings 2:13,19,20; 2 Chronicles 22:2,3; Song of Solomon 3:11; Proverbs 31:1; compare names of mo-thers of kings of Judah 1 Kings 14:21,31; 1 Kings 15:2,10,13 +; as shewing love & care 1 Samuel 2:19; 1 Kings 3:27; 1 Kings 17:23; 2 Kings 4:30; Isaiah 66:13 (simile of ׳י s comforting his people; compare also Genesis 27:45); as beloved & lamented 1 Kings 19:20 ("" אָב) Genesis 24:67; Psalm 35:14; בֶּןאִֿמּוֺ = own (uterine) brother Genesis 43:29; & "" אָח Genesis 27:29; Deuteronomy 13:7; Judges 8:19; Psalm 50:20; Psalm 69:9; Song of Solomon 1:6; compare Song of Solomon 8:1; so בַּתאִֿמּוֺ Leviticus 18:9; Leviticus 20:17; Deuteronomy 27:22 ("" בַּתאָֿבִיו) Genesis 20:12; often with אָב, as parentes Jeremiah 16:3; Zechariah 13:3 (twice in verse); Isaiah 8:4; as rightfully claiming honour, authority, etc., compare above, Genesis 28:7 (P) compare Genesis 37:10 (E) Judges 14:2f, so in precept Proverbs 1:8; Proverbs 6:20; Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 15:20 etc. compare Ezekiel 22:7; laws enjoining these Exodus 20:12 = Deuteronomy 5:16; Leviticus 19:3 compare Deuteronomy 22:15; laws prohib. contrary Exodus 21:15,17 (E) Leviticus 20:9 (twice in verse) (H) Deuteronomy 21:18,19; Deuteronomy 27:16; laws as to mourning for Leviticus 21:2,11 (H) Numbers 6:7 (P) compare Jeremiah 16:7; Ezekiel 44:25; left for wife Genesis 2:24; for mother-in-law Ruth 2:24; for husband Deuteronomy 21:13 (law for captive women); compare Deuteronomy 33:9 (of devoted service of Levites); loving, caring for children Proverbs 4:3 (on the opposite compare Psalm 27:10); loved, cared for Joshua 2:13 compare Joshua 2:18; Joshua 6:23. 1 Samuel 22:3; 1 Kings 19:20 compare 2 Samuel 19:38.
2 figurative of Deborah as caring for her people אֵם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל Judges 5:7 (compare אָב Isaiah 22:21; Job 29:16); so of a city 2 Samuel 20:19 ('stock, race, community' RS K 28 compare Proph. iv. n 8); of Israel Hosea 2:4; Hosea 2:7; Hosea 4:5; compare Hosea 10:14; of Judah Isaiah 50:1 (twice in verse); of Hittite as mother of Jerusalem אָבִיךְ הָאֱמֹרִיוְאִמֵּךְ חִתִּית Ezekiel 16:3,45 compare Ezekiel 16:44; Ezekiel 16:45; also Ezekiel 19:2,10 & see Ezekiel 23:2.
3 of animals, dam Exodus 22:29 (of ox & sheep) Leviticus 22:27 (of bullock, sheep, or goat); Exodus 23:19 = Exodus 34:26 = Deuteronomy 14:21 (of kid); mother-bird Deuteronomy 22:6 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 22:7; figurative Job 17:14 לַשַּׁחַת קָרָאתִי אָבִי אָ֑תָּה אִמִּי וַאֲחֹתִי לָרִמָּֽה ׃.
4 = point of departure or division אֵם הַדֶּרֶךְ Ezekiel 21:26. ("" ראֹשׁ שְׁנֵי הַדְּרָכִים).
אֵם constr. st. אֵם with suff. אִמִּי pl. אִמֹּות f. mother (Arab. أَمُّ and إِمُّ Eth. እም፡, Aram. אִמָּא, ܐܶܡܳܐ, Dan 4:1-37 Act 9:1-43 id.) אָב וָאֵם “father and mother,” both parents, Judges 14:16; Psalms 27:10; Esther 2:7.-בֶּן אִמִּי “my brother, by the same mother,” Genesis 43:29. Poet. בְּנֵי אִמִּי “my brethren” generally, Genesis 27:29; Song of Solomon 1:6. With less exactness a step-mother is also called mother, Genesis 37:10 (comp. 35:16, seq.), which would be more accurately called אֵשֶׁת אָב. But the name of mother has a wider use, and is applied also
(1) to a grandmother, 1 Kings 15:13 and generally to any ancestress, Genesis 3:20.
(2) metaph. used of her who bestows benefits on others, Judges 5:7.
(3) used as denoting intimate relationship or intimacy, Job 17:14 (compare אָב No. 7).
(4) of a nation, as opposed to the children, i.e. persons springing from it, Isaiah 50:1; Jeremiah 50:12; Ezekiel 19:2; Hosea 2:4, 4:5.
(5) mother of the way, a parting of the road, prop. source and head of the way (elsewhere רֹאשׁ דֶּרֶךְ), Ezekiel 21:26. Arab. أُمُّ is the root, beginning of a thing, but أُمُّاُلطَّرِيقِ is a royal way, and perhaps in Eze.loc. cit. it may be taken in this sense.
(6) i.q. אַמָּה metropolis, a great and leading city, even though not the capital; 2 Samuel 20:19, עִיר וְאֵם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל “a city and a mother in Israel.” So on the Phœnician coins of Tyre and Sidon; compare Arab. أُمُّ metropolis; Greek μήτηρ, Callim. Fr. 112, and mater, Flor. iii. 7, 18; Ammian. xvii. 13.
(7) metaph. used of the earth as the mother of all men, Job 1:21.
This word is undoubtedly primitive, and, like אָב (see p. 2. B.), it imitates the first sounds of an infant beginning to prattle, like the Greek μάμμα, μάμμη μαμμαία, μαῖα, Copt. mau, Germ. Mama, Amme [Eng. mamma, Welsh mam]. A fem. form used metaphorically is אַמָּה. In Arabic there is hence formed a verb أَمَّ to be a mother; hence, to be related, to set an example, to teach.