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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1118 - γονεύς
γον-εύς, έως, ὁ,
begetter, father, mostly in pl., parents, h.Cer. 240, Hes. Op. 235, Pi. P. 6.27, Pl. Smp. 178b, etc.: in sg., of a serpent, Hdt. 3.109; of a man, Pl. R. 457d; φράζε τίνος γονέως IG 12 (5).310: generally, progenitor, ancestor, πέμπτος γ. ancestor in the fifth generation, Hdt. 1.91, cf. Isa 8.32; οἱ ἄνωθεν γ. Arist. GA 722a8. (Nom. pl. γονεῖες Histria 7.27: acc. pl. γονέᾰς Antiph. 261: dat. pl. γονεῖσι SIG 1267.24 (Ios, iii A. D.).)
γονεύς , -έως , ὁ
(< γίγνομαι ),
a begetter, a father; mostly in pl., οἱ γ ., parents: Luke 2:41; Luke 2:43; Luke 8:56; Luke 21:16, John 9:2-3; John 9:20-23 Romans 1:30, 2 Corinthians 12:14, Ephesians 6:1, Colossians 3:20, 2 Timothy 3:2; acc pl. (Hellenistic, v. Thackeray, Gr., i, 148), γονεῖς , Matthew 10:21, Mark 13:12, Luke 2:27; Luke 18:29, John 9:18.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The following examples from the Oxyrhynchus papyri may serve to illustrate this common word—I. 75.34 (A.D. 129) Διωγενίδαν . . . τετελευτηκέναι ἄτεκνον περιόντων τῶν γονέων , ";that D. has died childless in her parents’ lifetime,"; III. 478.11 (A.D. 132) ἐξ ἀμφ [οτ ]έρων γονέων , VIII. 1121.11 (A.D. 295) οὐκ ἐπαυσάμην τὰ πρέποντα γείνεσθαι ὑπὸ τέκνων γονεῦσι ἀναπληροῦσα , ";I was assiduous in performing what is owing from children to parents"; (Ed.). From a much earlier period P Eleph 23.12 (B.C. 223–2) will serve as a sample, θεοὺς ]Ἀδελφοὺς καὶ θεοὺς Σωτῆρας τοὺς τούτων γονεῖς . The word in the Κοινή is plural only, as predominantly in class. Grk. So with the MGr γονῖοί ";parents,"; but there is a γονῖός ";father,"; which was perhaps derived from the plural.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13