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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3789 - כָּתַב
1) to write, record, enroll
1a1) to write, inscribe, engrave, write in, write on
1a2) to write down, describe in writing
1a3) to register, enroll, record
1a4) to decree
1b1) to be written
1b2) to be written down, be recorded, be enrolled
1c) (Piel) to continue writing
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כָּתַב fut. יִכְתֹּב to write. (Arab., Syr., Ch. id. [“Eth. ክታብ፡ book, letter”].) Constr. followed by an acc. of that which is written, 2 Samuel 11:14; Deuteronomy 10:2, 31:24, but followed by עַל Deuteronomy 6:9, 11:20 אֶל Jeremiah 36:2; Ezra 2:10, and בְּ Nehemiah 7:5, 8:14 13:1, of the material written on, more rarely followed by an acc. Isaiah 44:5, יִכְתֹּב יָדוֹ לַיהֹוָה pr. “he fills his hand with letters (er befchreibt feine Hand) in honour of Jehovah;” compare Exodus 32:15; Ezra 2:10. כָּתַב סֵפֶר אֶל־פּ׳ to write a letter to any one, 2 Samuel 11:14 followed by עַל of pers. 2 Chronicles 30:1. But this last mentioned construction also denotes, to prescribe, to direct in writing, 2 Kings 22:13; Psalms 40:8 also followed by אֶל Esther 9:23, and לְ Proverbs 22:20; Hosea 8:12; Ezra 4:7, כָּתוּב אֲרָמִית “written in Aramean letters.” Specially it is
(a) to write down, to put in writing (auffchreiben), Numbers 33:2; Judges 8:14.
(b) to describe, Joshua 18:4, 6:8.
(c) to inscribe, to put down in a list, men, citizens, or soldiers, Psalms 87:6, יְהֹוָה יִסְפֹּר בִּכְתוֹב עַמִּים “Jehovah will count as he writes down the peoples;” Isaiah 4:3, כָּל־הַכָּתוּב לַחַיִּים “whosoever is written down for life;” compare Jeremiah 22:30; Psalms 69:29.
(d) to write a sentence, i.e. to decree, Isaiah 65:6; Job 13:26. (Arab. كتب followed by عاى to decree concerning any one; كتاب the sentence of a judge.)
Niphal, pass. to be written, written down, Esther 1:19, 2:23 Job 19:23; Jeremiah 17:13.
Piel i.q. Kal let. d, Isaiah 10:1.
Hence מִכְתָּב and the words immediately following.
כְּתָב m. (with kametz impure) i.q. Syr. ܟܬܳܒܳܐ Arab. كِتَابُ a word used in the later Hebrew for the more ancient סֵפֶר.
(1) something written, a writing, Esther 3:14, 8:8 2 Chronicles 2:10, וַיּאֹמֶר בִּכְתָב “and he said in writing,” i.e. by letters: used of the kind of writing, or of the form of letters, Ezra 4:7 of a transcript, Esther 4:8.
(2) a book, Daniel 10:21 specially a list, a register, Ezekiel 13:9; Ezra 2:62; Nehemiah 7:64.
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