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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1924 - ἐπιγράφω

from (G1909) and (G1125)
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  1. to write upon, inscribe
  2. metaph. to write upon the mind
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3789 ‑ כָּתַב (kaw‑thab');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Mark 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 1
NAS (5)
Mark 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 1
HCS (5)
Mark 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 1
BSB (5)
Mark 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 1
ESV (4)
Acts 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 1
WEB (6)
Mark 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 3
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I mark the surface, graze, ὀϊστὸς ἐπέγραψε χρόα φωτός Il. 4.139, cf. 13.553, Poll. 4.179; μιν ἐπιγράψας having put a mark on the lot, Il. 7.187; ἄκροις δακτύλοις ἐ. trifle with dishes, Luc. Am. 42. In Hom. the word has not the sense of writing.


1. write upon, inscribe, γράμματα Hdt. 3.88; τάδε Id. 4.88; ἐ. ὀνομαστὶ τὰς πόλεις Th. 1.132, cf. D. 59.97; ἐπίγραμμα ὃ.. προείλεθ' ἡ πόλις αὐτοῖς ἐπιγράψαι Id. 18.289: abs., ἐ. τοῖς ἀναθήμασι IG 12.76.43; esp. write or place an epitaph on a tomb, ib.14.1835, al., 7.2543.9: Med., have inscribed, ἐπεγράφου τὴν Γοργόνα Ar. Ach. 1095 (with play on 111.5); ἐλεγεῖον Th. 1.132: Pass., of the inscription, to be inscribed upon, ἐπιγέγραπταί οἱ τάδε Hdt. 5.77, cf. 7.228; τῶν τῷ χρυσέῳ ἐπιγέγραπται Λακεδαιμονίων Id. 1.51; [ ἐπίγραμμα] ὃ Μίδᾳ φασὶν ἐπιγεγράφθαι over or on the tomb of Midas, Pl. Phdr. 264c; ἐπιστολὴ -γεγραμμένη addressed, of a letter, Plb. 16.36.4, cf. Plu. Cic. 15; also, to have something inscribed upon one, ἐπεγράφοντο ῥόπαλα, ὡς Θηβαῖοι ὄντες used to bear clubs upon their shields, X. HG 7.5.20; so ἀσπὶς ἐπιγεγραμμένη τὰς ὁμολογίας having the articles inscribed upon it, D.H. 4.58.

2.. entitle, τοῦτο τὸ δρᾶμα Καλλίμαχος ἐ. Εὐνοῦχον Ath. 11.496f; αἱ -όμεναι Μαιανδρίου ἱστορίαι Inscr.Prien. 37.104 (ii B.C.).

3.. sign, append a signature to, ἄφεσιν PSI 4.392.6 (iii B.C.); ἐ. τὸν Ἀντώνιον sign Antonius' name, App. BC 5.144; αὑτοῦ ποιήματα ἐπέγραψεν (sc. τοῖς Ἑρμαῖς) inscribed poems signed by himself, Pl. Hipparch. 228d.

4.. write subsequently, αἱ ἐπιγραφεῖσαι διαθῆκαι J. AJ 17.9.4.

5.. write over an erasure, POxy. 34.14 (ii A.D.).

III. freq.as law-term:

1. set down the penalty or damages in the title of an indictment (cf. ἐπίγραμμα 4), τί δῆτά σοι τίμημ' ἐπιγράψω τῇ δίκῃ; Ar. Pl. 480; μέχρι πεντήκοντα δραχμῶν καθ' ἕκαστον ἀδίκημα ἐ. Lexap. Aeschin. 1.38; τὰ ἐπιγεγραμμένα the damages claimed, D. 29.8, cf. Pl. Lg. 915a; τιμημάτων -μένων Isoc. 16.47: Med., Lexap. Aeschin. 1.16.. of a lawgiver, assign a punishment, τὰ μέγιστα ἐπιτίμια Aeschin. 1.14: Pass., Din. 2.12.. make note of, enter, τὴν πρόφασιν, in inflicting a fine, Arist. Ath. 8.4.

2.. register the citizens' names and property, with a view to taxes, lay a public burden upon one (cf. ἐπιγραφή 11.2), ἐμαυτῷ.. τὴν μεγίστην εἰσφοράν Isoc. 17.41, cf. Arist. Oec. 1351b2; ἐ. δήμοις καὶ δυνάσταις στρατιωτῶν καταλόγους Plu. Crass. 17, cf. PHib. 1.44.3 (iii B.C., Pass.), etc.; but ἐ. τινὰ προστίμοις visit with penalties, D.S. 12.12 (s.v.l.).. assess, τὸ τρίτον μέρος PEdgar 38.3: Pass., τὸ τίμημα τὸ -γεγραμμένον τοῖς χρήμασιν Lys. 17.7.

3.. generally, register or enter in a public list, ἐπιγράψαι σφᾶς αὐτοὺς ἐπιτρόπους Isa 6.36; ἐ. τινὰ εἰς τοὺς πράκτορας register his name among the πράκτορες, Decr. ap. And. 1.77 (Pass.): Med., ἐπεγράψαντο πολίτας enrolled fresh citizens, Th. 5.4; ξένην καὶ ξένον γονέας -ψάμενος D. 57.51; πῶς οἷόν τε τῷ ἀνδρὶ δύο πατέρας -ψασθαι; Isaiah 4:4 (later in Act., ἑαυτῷ τινὰ πατέρα -γράφων claiming as his father, App. BC 1.32).

4.. Med., ἐπιγράφεσθαι μάρτυρας cause to be endorsed on a deposition as witnesses, D. 54.31; κλητῆρα οὐδ' ὁντινοῦν ἐπιγραψάμενος Id. 21.87; but ἐπιγράφεσθαι τίμημα τῷ κλήρῳ set one's valuation on the property, Isaiah 3:2.

5.. προστάτην ἐπιγράψασθαι choose a patron, and enter his name as such in the public register (as μέτοικοι at Athens were obliged to do), Ar. Pax 684; so prob. ἐπεγράφοντο shd. be restored for -γραφον in Luc. Peregr. 11; ἐπιγράψασθαί τινα κύριον D. 43.15; οἱ τὸν Πλάτωνα ἐπιγραφόμενοι, i.e. the Platonists, Luc. Herm. 14:

1. Pass., κύριος ἐπιγεγράφθαι D. 43.15, cf. POxy. 251.32 (i A.D.),al.. metaph., Ὅμηρον ἐπιγράφεσθαι attribute one's fluency to Homer, Luc. Dem.Enc. 2; πρεσβυτέρους ἐ. χρόνους claim the authority of greater antiquity, Id. Am. 35.. ἐπιγράψαι ἐαυτὸν ἐπί τι claim credit for, Aeschin. 3.167; ἀλλοτρίοις ἐαυτὸν πόνοις Ael. NA 8.2, cf. Plu. Pomp. 31; αὐτὸς ἐ. τὴν νίκην claim as his own, J. AJ 7.7.5: so Med. and Pass., τοιούτων ῥητόρων ἐπὶ τὰς τοῦ δήμου γνώμας ἐπιγραφομένων inscribing their names on.., Aeschin. 1.188; ἐπιγράφεσθαι ἀλλοτρίαις γνώμαις D. 59.43; τὸν ἐπὶ τοῖς τῆς πόλεως ἀτυχήμασιν ἐπιγεγραμμένον Din. 1.29; οἱ ἐπιγεγραμμένοι ἢ φυλάττοντες the parties whose names were endorsed upon the συνθῆκαι as securities, Arist. Rh. 1376b4; οἱ ἐπιγραφόμενοι τοῖς δόγμασι D.H. 6.84; ἡμεῖς δ' ἐσμὲν ἐπιγεγραμμένοι we are merely the endorsers, Men. 482.8.. ascribe to, τοῖς θεοῖς τὸ ἔργον Hld. 8.9 (but θεὸν τῇ πομπῇ Philostr. VA 8.12): Med., Φοίβῳ τὰς ἀνίσους χεῖρας AP 9.263 (Antiphil.).

2.. claim credit for, τὰ ὑπὸ ἄλλων εὑρημένα J. AJ 3.4.2; assume, προσωνυμίαν Plu Demetr. 42; ἐπεγράψατο τὴν ἑαυτοῦ προσηγορίαν Id. Tim. 36: Pass., of books, to be ascribed, τινί Gal. 15.25.

3.. predicate of, φυγὴν οὐ φυγόντι Philostr. VS 2.1.12.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιγράφω: future ἐπιγράψω; perfect passive participle ἐπιγεγραμμενος; pluperfect 3 person singular ἐπεγέγραπτο; to write upon, inscribe: ἐπιγραφήν, Mark 15:26 and L Tr brackets in Luke 23:38; ὀνόματα, Revelation 21:12; ἐν τίνι, Acts 17:23; figuratively, to write upon the mind, i. e. to fix indelibly upon it, cause to cleave to it and to be always vividly present to it: νόμους ἐπί καρδίας (καρδίαν T WH marginal reading), Hebrews 8:10; ἐπί τῶν διανοιῶν, Hebrews 10:16 R G, ἐπί τήν διάνοιαν, ibid. L T Tr WH (τούς λόγους ἐπί τό πλάτος τῆς καρδίας, Proverbs 7:3). (From Homer down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -γράφω ,

[in LXX for H3789, Numbers 17:2; fig., Jeremiah 31:33, al.;]

to write upon, inscribe: Mark 15:26, Acts 17:23, Revelation 21:12; fig., Hebrews 8:10 (LXX) Hebrews 10:16. †

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The use of the subst. for a ";special impost"; (see s.v. ἐπιγραφή) is supported by the verb in P Tebt I. 48.12 (c. B.C. 113) where reference is made to certain supplies of wheat ";imposed"; in view of the approaching visit of King Soter II.—τὴν ἐπιγεγραμμένην πρὸς τὴν τοῦ βασίλεως παρουσίαν ἀγορὰν (πυροῦ) (ἀρταβῶν) π ̄ : cf. P Hib I. 44.3 (B.C. 253) of compulsory labour. The verb is also used of any one ";appointed to"; or ";set apart for"; an office, as P Oxy II. 251.32 (A.D. 44) ἐπιγέγραμμαι αὐτῆς κύριος, P Tebt II. 380.31 (A.D. 67) ὑπογραφεῖς τῆς <Θ > ομμοῦτο (ς) <καὶ τοῦ > ἐπιγραψ <αμ > ένου αὐτῆς κυρίου Λυσᾶς κτλ., ";the signatories for Thommous and her appointed guardian are Lysas, etc."; : so ib. 397.20, .25 (A.D. 198). Similarly of the witnesses entered in an act, as e.g. Petr II. 21(d).5 ἐπε ]ὶ ἐπεγράφην μάρτυς ἐπὶ συγγραφῆ [ι. For the general sense ";direct"; see P Ryl II. 153.43 (A.D. 138–61) ἐπέγραψα δὲ Εὐδαίμονι. . . γράψαι ὑπὲρ ἐμο [ ] τῆς ὑπογραφῆς τὸ σῶμα διὰ τὴν περὶ ἐμὲ ἀσθενίαν, ";I have directed Eudaemon . . . to write for me the body of the subscription on account of my illness"; (Edd.). The meaning ";inscribe,"; as in Acts 17:23, is found P Oxy VI. 886.16 (a magical formula—iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 111) ἐπίγρ (αψον) ἐν ἑκάστῳ τῶν φύλλων τὰ τῶν θεῶν ὀνόματα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεγεγραπτο επεγέγραπτο ἐπεγέγραπτο επιγεγραμμενα επιγεγραμμένα ἐπιγεγραμμένα επιγεγραμμενη επιγεγραμμένη ἐπιγεγραμμένη επιγράψει επιγράψεις επίγραψον επιγραψω επιγράψω ἐπιγράψω epegegrapto epegégrapto epigegrammena epigegramména epigegrammene epigegrammenē epigegramméne epigegramménē epigrapso epigrapsō epigrápso epigrápsō
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