the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
Click to donate today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #374 - אֶפָה
1a) a dry measure of quantity, equal to 3 seahs, 10 omers; the same as the liquid measure bath; (about 9 imperial gallons (40 liters), rabbinical writings give sizes of one-half this amount)
1b) the receptacle for measuring or holding that amount
Nm) pa (אפ AP) - I. Nose:The nose and nostrils when written in the plural form. II. Anger:The flaring of the nostrils in anger. III. Moreover:Greater in addition to something else in the sense of passion. [Aramaic only] KJV (297): anger, wrath, face, nostrils, nose, angry, before, also, even, yet, moreover, yea, with, low, therefore, much - Strongs: H637 (אַף), H638 (אַף), H639 (אַף)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
noun feminine ephah (etymology dubious, ᵐ5. οιφι etc., compare Coptic ôipi, Thes Lag Or. ii. 2 & cit.) — ׳א Numbers 5:15 +; אֵפָה Exodus 16:36 +; construct אֵיפַת Leviticus 19:36 +; — ephah, a grain-measure.
1 a certain quantity of wheat, barley, etc. = ten omers (עֹמֶר) Exodus 16:36 (compare in measure of offerings Leviticus 5:11; Leviticus 6:13; Numbers 5:15; Numbers 28:5, all ׳עֲשִׂירִית הָא; = 1/10 chomer (חֹמֶר) Ezekiel 45:11 (= bath, בַּת, liquid measure q. v.) compare Isaiah 5:10; chiefly of offerings, see above & 1 Samuel 1:24; Ezekiel 45:13 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 45:24 (3t. in verse); Ezekiel 46:5 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 46:7 (3t. in verse); Ezekiel 46:11 (3t. in verse); Ezekiel 46:14; compare Judges 6:19, but also of food 1 Samuel 17:17 compare Ruth 2:17 & Isaiah 5:10 above
2 receptacle or measure, holding an ephah, in prophetic vision Zechariah 5:6,7,8,9,10; just measure אֵיפַתצֶֿדֶק Leviticus 19:36 ("" ׳מאֹזְנֵיצֿ, ׳אַבְנֵיצֿ, ׳הִֶין צ) compare Ezekiel 45:10,11; אֵיפָה׳שׁלֵמָה וָצ Deuteronomy 25:15 ("" ׳וָצ׳אֶבֶן שׁ); of unjust measure אֵיפָה וְאֵיפָה Deuteronomy 25:14; Proverbs 20:10; ׳הַקְטִין א Amos 8:5; אֵיפַת רָווֺן Micah 6:10. (On the actual size of ephah, compare בַּת).
אֵיפֹה see below אַי. P.33
אישׁ, אושׁ (Stem assumed in Thes for אִישׁ; existence & meaning somewhat dubious Thes (Add) & most derive אִישׁ from [אִנְשְׁ] √ אנשׁ (q. v.) In favour are plural אֲנָשִׁים, feminine אִשָּׁה = [אִנְשָׁה], lack of proven √ אישׁ, & lack of clear parallels for אישׁ in cognate languages. Against the derivation of אִישׁ from inš is the vocalization (ִ י, and that fully written, not ֵ), maintained even with suffixes, the (rare) plural אִישִׁים, the impossibility of deriving אִישׁ & אִשָּׁה from same √ (אִשָּׁה from ), the existence of אֱנוֺשׁ as parallel form, and the (exceptional) parallel Aramaic איש (Inscription of Carpentras), also Arabic (compare Frey) "" ; Micah , Sirach , Phoenician אש are not decisive; Sabean has both אסם & אנסם; the former apparently = אִישׁ, the latter אֱנוֺשׁ; but on former compare DHM ZK 1884,360 & SabDenkm37. On the whole, probability seems to favour √ אישׁ; Thes gave meaning be strong; Dl HA 9, Proverbs 161 compare Assyrian išanu, strong (compare Dl w. p. 244), & proper name יְהוֺאָשׁ; compare also Prät LOPh Feb. 1884; otherwise DHM l. e. & ZMG 1883,330 & especially Nö ZMG 1886,739 Lag BN 68; compare also Wetzst in De Psalmen, ed. 4, p. 888 and others see also אנשׁ, אֱנוֺשׁ).