the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3738 - כָּרָה
1) to dig, excavate, dig through
1a) (Qal) to dig
1b) (Niphal) to be dug
2) (Qal) to give a banquet or feast
3) (Qal) to get by trade, trade, buy
1250) rk (כר KR) AC: Dig CO: Bowl AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the r is a picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "palm of man". The palm as hollowed out. A digging. (eng: core; bore)
A) rk (כר KR) AC: ? CO: Hollow AB: ?
Nm ) rk (כר KR) - I. Hollow:The hollow hump of a camel or a pasture in a hollow. II. Lamb:One of the pasture. III. Captain:KJV (16): lamb, pasture, ram, furniture, captain - Strongs: H3733 (כַּר)
Nf1) erk (כרה KRH) - I. Pasture:As a hollowed out valley. II. Mole:A digger. [df: hrp] KJV (2): cottage, mole - Strongs: H3740 (כֵּרָה), H6512 (פֵּרוֹת)
fm ) irk (כרי KRY) - Captain: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): captain - Strongs: H3746 (כָּרִי)
kf1) erkm (מכרה MKRH) - I. Cave:As a hole in the rock. [df: hrem]II. Weapon:Probably a weapon that is a digging tool or similar implement. KJV (40): cave, den, hole, habitation, army - Strongs: H4380 (מְכֵרָה), H4631 (מְעָרָה)
lf1 ) erkrk (כרכרה KRKRH) - Camel: As with a hollow hump. KJV (1): beast - Strongs: H3753 (כִּרְכָּרָה)
B) rrk (כרר KRR) AC: Dance CO: ? AB: ?: A leaping or dancing around in a circle.
V) rrk (כרר KRR) - Dance: KJV (2): (vf: Pilpel, Participle) dance - Strongs: H3769 (כָּרַר)
C) rka (אכר AKR) AC: Dig CO: Farmer AB: ?
Nm ) rka (אכר AKR) - Farmer: One who digs the ground for growing crops. KJV (7): husbandman, plowman - Strongs: H406 (אִכָּר)
D) rak (כאר KAR) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?
V) rak (כאר KAR) - Deep: To make a deep engraving in a tablet or stone. Also to give a deep explanation. [df: rab] KJV (3): (vf: Piel) plain, plainly, declare - Strongs: H874 (בָּאַר)
Nf ) rak (כאר KAR) - Pit: A dug out hole, usually a well or cistern. [df: rab] KJV (37): well, pit, slimepit - Strongs: H875 (בְּאֵר)
gm ) rafk (כואר KWAR) - Pit: A dug out hole. [df: rab] KJV (2): cistern - Strongs: H877 (בּאֹר)
F) rke (הכר HKR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Wrong: [Unknown connection to root]
V) rke (הכר HKR) - Wrong: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) strange - Strongs: H1970 (הָכַר)
Nf1) erke (הכרה HKRH) - Look: KJV (1): shew - Strongs: H1971 (הַכָּרָה)
H) erk (כרה KRH) AC: Dig CO: ? AB: Prepare
V) erk (כרה KRH) - I. Dig:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Prepare:To prepare a banquet or feast. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal) dig, make, pierce, open, grieve - Strongs: H3735 (כְּרָה), H3738 (כָּרָה), H3739 (כָּרָה)
Nf1) erk (כרה KRH) - Preparation: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (1): provision - Strongs: H3741 (כָּרָה)
J) rfk (כור KWR) AC: Dig CO: Pit AB: ?
V) rfk (כור KWR) - I. Dig:[df: rwq]II. Examine:To look deeply. [df: rwb]KJV (7): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pilpel) declare, dig, cast out, destroy, break down - Strongs: H952 (בּוּר), H6979 (קוּר)
Nm ) rfk (כור KWR) - I. Pit:A hole, well or cistern that is dug out. [df: rwb rwx rx]II. Furnace:A hollow box formed out of brick or clay for cooking. III. Kor:A standard of measure. KJV (96): pit, cistern, well, dungeon, fountain, measure, cor - Strongs: H953 (בּוֹר), H2352 (חוּר), H2356 (חוֹר), H3564 (כּוּר), H3734 (כֹּר)
am) rfkm (מכור MKWR) - Fountain: A spring that comes out of a hole in the ground. [df: rwqm rqm] KJV (18): fountain, spring, wellspring, issue, well - Strongs: H4726 (מָקֹר)
em ) rfik (כיור KYWR) - I. Pot:As a dug out container. [df: ryk]II. Platform:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (23): laver, scaffold, pan, hearth - Strongs: H3595 (כִּיֹּר)
kf1) erfkm (מכורה MKWRH) - Birth: A coming out of a hole. KJV (3): birth, nativity, habitation - Strongs: H4351 (מְכֹרָה)
M) rik (כיר KYR) AC: ? CO: Furnace AB: ?: A hollowed out object.
Nm) rik (כיר KYR) - Furnace: A hollow box formed out of brick or clay for cooking. KJV (1): range - Strongs: H3600 (כִּיר)
- A2436 Rqn (Pierce, Fissure)
- A2719 Roq (Dish)
- A2258 Rkk (Round)
- A2192 Rph (Dig, Mole)
- A2198 Rqh (Examine)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
II. [כוּר] verb meaning dubious, perhaps bore, or dig, or hew (Dl Prol. 121 compare Assyrian kâru, fell trees (Dl HWB 324)) — only
Qal Perfect 3 plural כארו = כָּארוּ for כָּרוּ Psalm 22:17 (ᵑ0כָּאֲרִי, see אֲרִי) they have bored ( digged, hewn) my hands and my feet (si vera lectio; compare Vrss De Pe Che Bae and others; some, however, deriving from כרה in this sense); hence perhaps following.
I. כָּרָה verb dig (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic כְּרָא, Ethiopic Arabic (with and especially Dozy ii. 461); Syriac is be short, cut off (i.e. rounded off ?), Arabic ball; ᵑ7. כְּרֵי heap Dalm Gr. 109; Syriac Mishna כרי id.; Assyrian karê large vessels for holding corn, etc., Dl HWB 353, compare kirû (dubious) Wkl Tel Am. Vocab.; Ba ZMG 1887,615 conjectures be round as orig √ meaning, and compare Arabic the leg is round); —
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular כָּרָה 2 Chronicles 16:14; Psalm 7:16; 2 masculine singular כָּרִיתָ Psalm 40:7; 1 singular בָּרִיתִי Genesis 50:5; 3 plural כָּרוּ Jeremiah 18:20 3t.; sf כָּרוּהָ Numbers 21:18; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִכְרֶה Exodus 21:33; 3 masculine plural וַיִּכְרוּ Genesis 26:25; Participle כֹּרֶה Proverbs 16:27; Proverbs 26:27; — dig a grave, קֶבֶר Genesis 50:5 (J), compare 2 Chronicles 16:14; a well, בְּאֵר Genesis 26:25 (J), Numbers 21:18 (song in J E); a pit, בּוֺר Exodus 21:33; figurative of plotting against others Psalm 7:16; so followed by שׁוּחָה Jeremiah 18:20,22, followed by שִׁיחָה Jeremiah 57:7; Jeremiah 119:85; followed by שַׁחַת Proverbs 26:27; hence כֹּרֶה רָעָה Proverbs 16:27 one digging a calamity; לִי׳אָזְנַיִם כ Psalm 40:7 ears hast thou dug (with allusion to the cavity of the ear) for me, thou hast given me the means of hearing and obeying thy will. — On Psalm 22:17 verse. II.כּוּר.
Niph`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular עַד יִכָּרֶה שַׁהַּת Psalm 94:13 until the pit be digged for the wicked, figurative of judgment.
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כָּרָה to dig (Ch. כְּרָא and Arab. كرا to dig the earth. Kindred roots are כּוּר No. 1, אָכַר, also קוּר and נָקַר); e.g. to dig a well, Genesis 26:25 a pit, 50:4. Hence
(a) it is figuratively applied to plots, Psalms 7:16, 57:7 119:85 Proverbs 16:27, אִישׁ בְּלִיַּעַל כֹּרֶה רָעָה “the wicked man prepares mischief.” Followed by עַל of pers. and without any word signifying ditch or pit, Job 6:27, תִּכְרוּ עַל־רֵיעֲכֶם “ye dig (pits) for your friend,” similarly in the much discussed passage, 40:30, יִכְרוּ עָלָיו חַבָּרִים “do the companions (i.e. the company of fishermen) lay snares for him (the crocodile)? do they divide him (when taken) amongst the merchants?”
(b) Psalms 40:7, אָזְנַיִם כָּרִיתָ לִּי “ears hast thou digged for me,” a poetical and also a stronger and bolder expression for the common אֹזֶן גָּלִיתָ לִי “thou hast opened the ear for me,” i.e. thou hast revealed (this) to me. [But does not this refer to the law in Exo 21:1-36, relative to the servant whose ear had been bored, and who was thus made a servant for ever?] To this answer the German phrases jemandem den Staar ftechen, i.e. to sharpen any one’s sight, to shew what he ought to see, but which, as if blind, he had not seen; jem. die Zunge löfen.
[“Niphal pass. of Kal, Psalms 94:13.”]
Derived nouns, כֵּרָה No. 1, מִכְרֶה.
(1) to buy, i.q. מָכַר, קָנָה. Deuteronomy 2:6; Hosea 3:2. (Arab. كرَا I., III., to place, VI., VIII., X., to hire.)
(2) to make a feast, 2 Kings 6:23. (Arab. وكر to make a feast, especially on the completion of a building, also قرى to entertain as a guest, قِرًا entertainment. How these ideas are to be connected with that of buying I do not define. Perhaps costly banquets are intended, for which one’s own stores would not suffice, and thus the provision was bought elsewhere, zu denen man einkaufen muß.)
I. כֵּרָה or כָּרָה f. pl. const. כְּרֹת, pits, cisterns, root כָּרָה No. 1 (compare Genesis 26:25). Zephaniah 2:6, נְוֹת כְּרֹת רֹעִים וְגִדְרוֹת צאֹן “fields full of shepherds’ cisterns and folds for flocks.” In the word כְּרֹת allusion is made to כְּרֵתִים, verse Zephaniah 2:5.
II. כֵּרָה f. feasts, banquets, from the root כָּרָה No. II. (2). 2 Kings 6:23.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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