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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3220 - יָם
1a) Mediterranean Sea
1b) Red Sea
1c) Dead Sea
1d) Sea of Galilee
1e) sea (general)
1f) mighty river (Nile)
1g) the sea (the great basin in the temple court)
1h) seaward, west, westward
1220) mi (ימ YM) AC: ? CO: Sea AB: Terror: The pictograph i is a picture of a hand representing work, the m is a picture of water. Combined these mean "working water". The sea or other large body of water is the place of storms and heavy surf. This parent root is closely related to me.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
יָם const. יָֽם־ more rarely יַם־; with suff. יַמָּהּ Jeremiah 51:36 with ה parag. יָ֫מָּה; pl. יַמִּים m.
(1) the sea (Arab. يَمُ, Syr. ܝܰܡܐܳ and ܝܡܰܬܐܳ but the latter word is generally used for a lake; Ægypt. ⲟⲙ id. A derivation is scarcely to be sought; however it may be conjectured that it properly denotes, the boiling, foaming of the sea; compare יוֹם and יֵמִים; [referred in Thes. to the unused root יָמַם]). Used either of the ocean or any of its parts, or of inland lakes (Job 14:11, Syr. ܝܰܡܬܳܐ) So יָֽם־כִּנֶּרֶת the lake of Tiberius, Numbers 34:11 יָֽם־הַמֶּלַח Genesis 14:3 (the salt sea), יָם הָֽעֲרָבָה (sea of the desert) Deuteronomy 4:49, יָם קַדְמֹנִי (eastern sea) Joel 2:20; Zechariah 14:8, lacus Asphaltites, or the Dead Sea; יַם־סוּף (the weedy sea, see סוּף ) and יַם־מִצְרַיִם Isaiah 11:15, the Red Sea; הַיָּם הַגָּדוֹל the great sea, Numbers 34:6, Numbers 34:7, and הַיָּם הָֽאַחֲרוֹן the hinder, i.e. the western sea, Deuteronomy 11:24, for the Mediterranean sea; הַיָּם with art. used (as shown by the context) of the Mediterranean sea, Joshua 15:47 the sea of Galilee, Isa. 8:23 the Red Sea, Isaiah 10:26 the Dead Sea, Isaiah 16:8 הֲמוֹן יָם wealth of the sea, is the wealth of maritime and trans-marine nations (הָאִיִּים) procured by sea voyages; Isaiah 60:5, i.q. שֶׁפַע יַמִּים Deuteronomy 33:19; Job 7:12, הֲיָם אֲנִי אִם תַּנִּין כִּי וגו׳ “am I a sea, or a seamonster, that,” etc., i.e. am I untamed like the sea? Lamentations 2:13, גָּדוֹל כַּיָּם שִׁבְרֵךְ “thy ruin is great like the sea.” Plur. יַמִּים seas, poet. for the sing., e.g. for the prose חוֹל הַיָּם Genesis 32:13, 41:49 poet. is said חוֹל יַמִּים Genesis 49:13; Job 6:3; Judges 5:17; Psalms 78:27. Figuratively and hyperbolically יָם־הַנְּחשֶׁת the sea of brass was the name of the great laver in the inner court of Solomon’s temple, 2 Kings 25:13; 1 Chronicles 18:8. The name of sea is also applied to
(2) a great river, as the Nile, Isaiah 19:5; Nahum 3:8 the Euphrates, Isaiah 27:1; Jeremiah 51:36 pl. of the arms of the Nile, Ezekiel 32:2. (So Arab. يَمُّ and بَحْرُ compare Diod. i. 12, 96. More instances have been given on Isaiah 19:5.)
(3) the west, the western quarter, from the Mediterranean sea being situated to the west of Palestine; רוּחַ יָם the west wind, Exodus 10:19 פְּאַת־יָם the west side, Exodus 27:12, 38:12 יָמָּה westward, Genesis 28:14; Exodus 26:22 (also to the sea, Exodus 10:19, for which there is more frequently הַיָּמָּה); מִיָּם from the west, Genesis 12:8 מִיָּם לְ on the west of any place, Joshua 8:9, 12 Joshua 8:12, 13 Joshua 8:13. Twice (Psalms 107:3; Isaiah 49:12) יָם is joined with the north (צָפוֹן); and on this account some suppose it, at least in these places, to signify the south; but elsewhere, also quarters which are not opposite but near together are spoken of in the same connexion; compare Amos 8:12; Deuteronomy 33:23.
יָם emphat. יַמָּא Ch. the sea. Daniel 7:2,.
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26