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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2281 - θάλασσα

Transliteration
thálassa
Phonetics
thal'-as-sah
Root Word (Etymology)
probably prolonged from (G251)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
None
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. the sea
    1. used of the sea in general
    2. used specifically of the Mediterranean Sea or the Red Sea
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 339 ‑ אִי (ee);  3220 ‑ יָם (yawm);  3225 ‑ יָמִין (yaw‑meen');  4310 ‑ מִי (me);  8486 ‑ תֵּמָן (tay‑mawn', tay‑mawn');  8585 ‑ תְּעָלָה (teh‑aw‑law');  8658 ‑ תַּרְשִׁישׁ (tar‑sheesh');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (92)
Matthew 17
Mark 19
Luke 3
John 9
Acts 10
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Jude 1
Revelation 26
NAS (91)
Matthew 16
Mark 19
Luke 3
John 9
Acts 10
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Jude 1
Revelation 26
HCS (91)
Matthew 16
Mark 19
Luke 3
John 9
Acts 10
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Jude 1
Revelation 26
BSB (91)
Matthew 16
Mark 19
Luke 3
John 9
Acts 10
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Jude 1
Revelation 26
ESV (86)
Matthew 15
Mark 18
Luke 3
John 9
Acts 10
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 25
WEB (94)
Matthew 17
Mark 19
Luke 3
John 9
Acts 11
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 3
James 1
Jude 1
Revelation 26
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

θάλασσα

[θᾰ], Att. θᾰλᾰμ-ττα IG 12.57 (but θάλασσα 22.236 (338/7 B.C.)), ἡ: —

1. sea, Il. 2.294, etc.: freq. of the Mediterranean sea, ἥδε ἡ θ. Hdt. 1.1, 185, 4.39, etc.; ἡ παρ' ἡμῖν θ. Pl. Phd. 113a; ἡ θ. ἡ καθ' ἡμᾶς Plb. 1.3.9; ἡ ἐντὸς καὶ κ. ἡ. λεγομένη θ. Str. 2.5.18; ἡ ἔσω θ. Arist. Mu. 393b29; ἡ ἔξω θ., of the Ocean, Id. Mete. 350a22; ἡ Ἀτλαντικὴ θ. Id. Mu. 392b22; ἡ μεγάλη θ. Plu. Alex. 73; of a salt lake, Arist. Mete. 351a9; ἐς θάλασσαν τὴν τοῦ Εὐξείνου πόντου Hdt. 2.33; πέλαγος θαλάσσης A.R. 2.608; κατὰ θάλασσαν by sea, opp. πεζῇ, Hdt. 5.63; opp. κατὰ γῆς, Th. 7.28 codd.; κατά τε γῆν καὶ κατὰ θ. Pl. Mx. 241a; χέρσον καὶ θ. ἐκπερῶν A. Eu. 240; τῆς θ. ἀνθεκτέα ἐστί one must engage in maritime affairs, Th. 1.93; οἱ περὶ τὴν θ. sea -faring men, Arist. HA 598b24, cf. Pol. 1291b20; θ. καὶ πῦρ καὶ γυνὴ — τρίτον κακόν Men. Mon. 231, cf. 264: metaph., κακῶν θ a sea of troubles, A. Th. 758 (lyr.); ὁ Κρὴς τὴν θ. (sc. ἀγνοεῖ), of pretended ignorance, Suid.

2. sea-water, ἔστω ἐν χαλκῷ ἡ θ. Hp. Coac. 427, cf. Diph.Siph. ap. Ath. 3.121d, Moschio ib. 5.208a, Plb. 16.5.4, Dsc. 2.83.

3. well of salt water, said to be produced by a stroke of Poseidon's trident, in the Acropolis at Athens, Hdt. 8.55; θ. Ἐρεχθηΐς Apollod. 3.14.1.

4. channel, LXX 1 Kings 18:32.

5. χαλκῆ θ. laver, ib. 2 Samuel 8:8.

6. θ. κοίλη wooden theatre, Paus.Gr. Fr. 208 (= Com.Adesp. 864). For the Lacon. form σάλασσα, v. θαλασσομέδων.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θάλασσα (cf. Buttmann, 7), θαλάσσης, (akin to ἅλς (better, allied to ταράσσω etc., from its tossing; cf. Vanicek, p. 303); the Sept. for יָם) (from Homer down), the sea; (on its distinction from πέλαγος see the latter word);

a. universally: Matthew 23:15; Mark 11:23; Luke 17:2, 6; Luke 21:25; Romans 9:27; 2 Corinthians 11:26; Hebrews 11:12; James 1:6; Jude 1:13; Revelation 7:1-3, etc.; ἐργάζεσθαι τήν θαλασσην (see ἐργάζομαι, 2 a.), Revelation 18:17; τό πέλαγος τῆς θαλάσσης (see πέλαγος, a.), Matthew 18:6; joined with γῆ and οὐρανός it forms a periphrasis for the whole world, Acts 4:24; Acts 14:15; Revelation 5:13; Revelation 10:6 (L WH brackets); (Haggai 2:7; Psalm 145:6 (); Josephus, Antiquities 4, 3, 2; (contra Apion 2, 10, 1)); among the visions of the Apocalypse a glassy sea or sea of glass is spoken of; but what the writer symbolized by this is not quite clear: Revelation 4:6; Revelation 15:2.

b. specifically used (even without the article, cf. Winers Grammar, 121 (115); Buttmann, § 124, 8b.) of the Mediterranean Sea: Acts 10:6, 32; Acts 17:14; of the Red Sea (see ἐρυθρός), ἐρυθρᾷ θάλασσα, Acts 7:36; 1 Corinthians 10:1; Hebrews 11:29. By a usage foreign to native Greek writings (cf. Aristotle, meteor. 1, 13, p. 351a, 8 ὑπό τόν Καυκασον λίμνη ἥν καλοῦσιν οἱ ἐκεῖ θαλατταν, and Hesychius defines λίμνη: θάλασσα καί ὠκεανός) employed like the Hebrew יָם (e. g. Numbers 34:11), by Matthew, Mark, and John (nowhere by Luke) of the Lake of Γεννησαρέτ (which see): θάλασσα τῆς Γαλιλαίας, Matthew 4:18; Matthew 15:29; Mark 1:16; Mark 7:31 (similarly Lake Constance,der Bodensee, is called mare Suebicum, the Suabian Sea); τῆς Τιβεριάδος, John 21:1; τῆς Γαλιλαίας τῆς Τιβεριάδος (on which twofold genitive cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 3 N. 3; (Buttmann, 400 (343))), John 6:1; more frequently simply θάλασσα: Matthew 4:15, 18; Matthew 8:24, 26f, 32; Matthew 13:1, etc.; Mark 2:13; Mark 3:7; Mark 4:1, 39; Mark 5:13, etc.; John 6:16-19, 22, 25; John 21:7. Cf. Furrer in Schenkel ii. 322ff; (see Γεννησαρέτ).


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θάλασσα , -ης , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3220;]

the sea: Matthew 23:15, Mark 11:23, Luke 21:25, Romans 9:27, Hebrews 11:12, James 1:6, Judges 1:13, Revelation 7:1, al.; τὸ πέλαγος τῆς θ . (v. Tr., ut infr.), Matthew 18:6; ὁ οὐρανὸς κ . ἡ γῆ κ . ἡ θ ., of the whole world, Acts 4:24, al. (Haggai 2:7); θ . ὑαλίνη , Revelation 4:6; Revelation 15:2; of the Mediterranean, Acts 10:6; Acts 10:32; Acts 17:14; of the Red Sea, ἐρυθρὰ θ ., Acts 7:36, 1 Corinthians 10:1-2, Hebrews 11:20; of an inland lake (as Heb. H3220), θ . τ . Γαλιλαίας , Matthew 4:18; Matthew 15:29, Mark 1:16; Mark 7:31; τ . Τιβεριάδος , John 21:1; τ . Γ . τ . T., John 6:1; of the same, simply ἡ θ ., Matthew 4:15, Mark 2:13, al.

SYN.: πέλαγος G3989, the vast expanse of open water"; θ ., "the sea as contrasted with the land" (Tr., Syn., xiii).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU II. 423.7 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 90) εὐχαριστῶ τῷ κυρίῳ Σεράπιδι, ὅτι μου κινδυνεύσαντος εἰς θάλασσαν (cf. 2 Corinthians 11:26) ἔσωσε, P Oxy VII. 1067.29 (iii/A.D.) ἀγόρασόν μοι ὀψαρίδιον ἐκ τῆς θαλάσσης (cf. John 21:10), and from the inscrr. Michel 372.11 (ii/B.C.) ἐργα [ζ ]όμενός τε κατὰ θάλασσαν ἐργασίαν, ib. 521.10 (ii/B.C.) κατὰ γῆς καὶ κατὰ θαλάσσας. For references to ἡ ἐρυθρὰ θάλασσα, as in Ac 7.86, Hebrews 11:29, cf. P Grenf I. 9.3 (iii/B.C.) ἐρ ]υθρᾶι θαλάσσηι, OGIS 186.5 (B.C. 62) ὁ συγγενὴς καὶ ἐπιστράτηγος καὶ στρατηγὸς τῆς Ἰνδικῆς καὶ Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης, ib. 190.9 (B.C. 51) ἐπὶ τῆς Ἰνδικῆς καὶ Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης : cf. also the intr. to P Ryl 11. 66 (late ii/B.c.). For the adj. θαλάττ (–σσ –)ιος, see P Oxy 1. 87.7 (A.D. 342) θαλαττίου ναυκληρίου, ";a sea-going vessel,"; ib. X. 1288.6 (iv/A.D.) εἰς διαγραφὴν πλύου θαλασσίας τιτ ̣έσματος (l. πλοίου θαλασσίου τελέσματος ̣ (?) ) (τάλ.) θ ̄, ";in payment for a sea-vessel, for charges 9 tal."; (Edd.), and for ἐπιθαλάσσιος, P Rev Lxciii . 5 (B.C. 258) ἐπιθαλασσίαν. In 3 Kings 18.32, 35, 38 θάλασσα is used = ";channel,"; doubtless because of its similarity in sound to the Heb. תְּעָלָה : see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 37

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θαλασσα θάλασσα θάλασσά θαλάσσαις θαλασσαν θαλάσσαν θάλασσαν θαλάσσας θαλασση θαλάσση θαλάσσῃ θάλασση θαλασσης θαλάσσης θαλασσών θάλλει θάλλουσα θαλπιώθ thalassa thálassa thalassan thálassan thalasse thalassē thalássei thalássēi thalasses thalassēs thalásses thalássēs
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