the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2974 - יָאַל
1) to begin, make a beginning, show willingness, undertake to do, be pleased, be determined
1a1) to agree to, show willingness, acquiesce, accept an invitation, be willing
1a2) to undertake
1a3) to resolve, be pleased, be determined
1012) la (אל AL) AC: Yoke CO: Ox AB: Strength: The pictograph a is a picture of an ox head and also represents its strength. The l is a picture of a shepherd staff and also represents the authority of the shepherd. Combined these two pictographs mean "the strong authority" and can be anyone or thing of strong authority. The yoke is understood as a "staff on the shoulders" (see Isaiah 9:4) in order to harness their power for pulling loads such as a wagon or plow. Hence, the two pictographs can also represent "the ox in the yoke". Often two oxen were yoked together. An older, more experienced ox would be teamed up (yoked) with a younger, less experienced ox. The older ox in the yoke is the "strong authority" who, through the yoke, teaches the younger ox. (eng: all; elk; elephant)
A) la (אל AL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Oath: The power of the oxs muscles to perform work.
Nm) la (אל AL) - Power: One who holds authority over others such as judges, chiefs and gods. In the sense of being yoked to one another. KJV (245): God, god, power, mighty, goodly, great, idols, strong, unto, with, against, at, into, in, before, to, of, upon, by, toward, hath, for, on, beside, from, where, after, within - Strongs: H410 (אֵל)
Nf1) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Oath:A binding agreement including the curse for violating the oath. II. Oak:The strongest of the woods. KJV (50): oak, elm, teil tree, curse, oath, execration, swearing - Strongs: H423 (אָלָה), H424 (אֵלָה), H427 (אַלָּה)
bf1) eila (אליה ALYH) - Fat-tail: The fat part of a sheeps rump considered an Eastern delicacy. KJV (5): rump - Strongs: H451 (אַלְיָה)
if1) elat (תאלה TALH) - Curse: KJV (1): curse - Strongs: H8381 (תַּאֲלָה)
jm) nfla (אלונ ALWN) - Oak: The strongest of the woods. KJV (17): plain, oak - Strongs: H436 (אֵלוֹן), H437 (אַלּוֹן)
H) ela (אלה ALH) AC: Swear CO: Yoke AB: ?: The yoking together of two parties. A treaty or covenant binds two parties together through an oath (yoke) . The oath included blessings for abiding by the covenant and curses for breaking the covenant (see de28) . The God of the Hebrews was seen as the older ox that is yoked to his people in a covenant relationship.
V) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Sw (vf: Paal, Hiphil) |kjv: swear, curse, adjure, lament - Strongs: H421 (אָלָה), H422 (אָלָה)
Nm ) ela (אלה ALH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Aramaic only] KJV (95): god - Strongs: H426 (אֱלָהּ)
cm) efla (אלוה ALWH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hla] KJV (2663): God, god, heathen deity - Strongs: H430 (אֱלֹהִים), H433 (אֱלֹהַּ)
J) lfa (אול AWL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Strength: The strength of the ox.
Nm) lfa (אול AWL) - Strength: KJV (2): mighty, strength - Strongs: H193 (אוּל)
L) lai (יאל YAL) AC: ? CO: Yoke AB: ?: The placing of the yoke upon the shoulders to perform a task.
V) lai (יאל YAL) - Yoke: The placing of a yoke on the shoulders to perform work or undertake a task. KJV (19): (vf: Hiphil) content, please, would, taken upon me, began, assayed, willingly - Strongs: H2974 (יָאַל)
M) lia (איל AYL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Strength: Anyone or anything that functions as the "strong authority" is seen as the older ox. Such as a ram or stag deer (the strong leader of the flock or heard) , chief (strong leader of the tribe) , pillar (as the strong support of a building) , oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) .
Nm) lia (איל AYL) - Strong One: Anyone or thing that functions with strength like an ox. This can be a ram or stag (as strong leaders) , chief, pillar (as the strong support of a building) , or oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) KJV (197): ram, post, mighty, tree, lintel, oak, strength, hart - Strongs: H352 (אַיִל), H353 (אֱיָל), H354 (אַיָּל)
Nf1) elia (אילה AYLH) - Strong One: The feminine form of anyone or thing that functions with strength. KJV (8): hind - Strongs: H355 (אַיָּלָה)
Nf3) tflia (אילות AYLWT) - Strength: KJV (1): strength - Strongs: H360 (אֱיָלוּת)
mm) nlia (אילנ AYLN) - Tree: [Aramaic only] KJV (6): tree - Strongs: H363 (אִילָן)
pm) mlia (אילמ AYLM) - Arch: The arch is the strongest architectural design for an entry through a building or wall. KJV (15): arch - Strongs: H361 (אֵלַמָּה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Hiph`il shew willingness, be pleased, determine, undertake to do anything (and do it) (see Ki Thes; Arabic is take refuge with, escape, hasten to a place; compare II. אול be in front of, Nö MBAK 1880. 775; Sabean ואל in proper name מואלת DHM Epigr. Denkm. 53; perhaps As âlû, accept, Lyon Sargontexte 72) —
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הוֺאִיל Hosea 5:11 2t.; 2 masculine singular הוֺאַלְתָּ 1 Chronicles 17:27; 1 singular הוֺאַלְתִּי Genesis 18:27,31; 1 plural הוֺאַלְנוּ Joshua 7:7; Imperfect וְיֹאֵל Job 6:9 (jussive); וַיּ֫וֺאֶל Exodus 2:21 4t.; וַיֹאֶל 1 Samuel 17:39 (but see below); Imperative הוֺאֵל 2 Samuel 7:29; 2 Kings 5:23; הוֺאֶלנָֿא Judges 19:6; ה֫וֺאֶל נָא 2 Kings 6:3; הוֺאִ֫ילוּ Job 6:28; —
1 shew willingness to do anything, accept an invitation, acquiesce, followed by infinitive וַי֫וֺאֶל משֶׁה לָשֶׁבֶת אֶתהָֿאִישׁ Exodus 2:21 (JE) and Moses was willing to dwell with the man (and did so), = Judges 17:11 (of Levite); elsewhere following by finite verb; וְלוּ הוֺאַלְנוּ וַנֵּשֶׁב Joshua 7:7 and would that we had been willing and had stayed; especially imperative, followed by imperative: הוֺאֶלנָֿא וְלִין Judges 19:6 be willing and spend the night (kindly accept my invitation) see Ges§ 110. 2a, R 2; 120. 2a, 2 Kings 6:3 and (no וְ) 2 Kings 5:23; הוֺאִילוּ פְֿנוּבִֿי Job 6:28i.e. be good enough to look upon me.
2 more actively, voluntarily undertake to do anything (and do it), followed by infinitive: Genesis 18:27 I have undertaken to speak = Genesis 18:31 (both J); Song of Solomon 1Samuel 17:39 ᵑ0, but read וַ֫יֵּלֶא, and he laboured vainly, for וַיֹאֶל, so ᵐ5, Gei Urschrift, 377 We Dr (compare also v b לֹא אוּכַל לָלֶכֶת בָּאֵלֶּה); followed by finite verb הוֺאִיל משֶׁה בֵּאֵר Deuteronomy 1:5i.e. Moses took upon himself to expound the law.
3 more actively still, be pleased, determine on one's own responsibility, resolve, followed by infinitive: Joshua 17:12 (JE) = Judges 1:27 but the Canaanites were determined (shewed a determination) to remain in this territory (= persisted in dwelling there); Judges 1:35 the Amorites persisted in dwelling in Har-Heres, etc.; followed by finite verb, of irreligious action, הואיל הָלַךְ Hosea 5:11 Ephraim persisted, he walked after vanity (read שׁוא for צו, see Che); elsewhere only of the divine good pleasure: followed by infinitive 1 Samuel 12:22 ׳י hath been pleased to make you a people for himself; 1 Chronicles 17:27; followed by finite verb הוֺאֵל וּבָרֵךְ 2 Samuel 7:29 be pleased and bless the house of thy servant; וְיֹאֵל אֱלוֺהַּוִידַכְּאֵנִי Job 6:9 and that Eloah would be pleased and crush me! (see Ges§ 120, 2 a Da Synt. § 83 b).
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יָאַל prop. וָאַל unused in Kal, to be foolish, i.q. אָוַל which see. [“The primary idea appears to be that of perverseness, i.q. עָוַל.”]
Niphal נוֹאַלּ to be foolish, Numbers 12:11; Jeremiah 5:4 to act as a fool, Isaiah 19:13. Jeremiah 50:36, חֶרֶב אֶל־הַבַּדִּים וְנֹאָלוּ “the sword (is) upon the lying (prophets), and they shall act as fools” (comp. הוֹלֵל Job 12:17; Isaiah 44:25).
יָאַל unused in Kal, kindred to אוּל, אִיל Arab. أَوِلَ to go before, to be first. [In Thes. the meaning of this root is given “properly to will, to wish.”]
Hiphil הוֹאִיל to begin [“to wish, to will,” Thes.], Deuteronomy 1:5; Hosea 5:11; Joshua 17:12, וַיּוֹאֶל הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָשֶׁבֶת בָּאָרֶץ “and the Canaanites began to dwell together (to set their feet) in the land.” Judges 1:27, 35 Judges 1:35. Sometimes it is used with a more emphatic sense, to undertake, to endeavour, Genesis 18:27, 31 Genesis 18:31 also of him who yields to the prayers of others, and does something, to be willing, to be pleased to do something, Judges 17:11, 19:6, הוֹאֶלּ־נָא וְלִין “be content now, and lodge.” Exodus 2:21; 2 Samuel 7:29; 2 Kings 5:23; Job 6:9, 28 Job 6:28. Construed with a gerund after it, Joshua 17:12; Judges 1:35 or with a finite verb sometimes joined by a conjunction (Judges 19:6 ), sometimes without one, ἀσυνδετῶς (Deuteronomy 1:5; Hosea 5:11). [Note in Ges. add. all these passages are referred to the idea of to will, to wish, either in the sense of undertaking what is wished, as Genesis 18:27, 31 Genesis 18:31; Joshua 17:12; Judges 1:27, 35 Judges 1:35; 1 Samuel 17:39 or in the sense of being willing to yield to another, as Job 6:28; 2 Kings 6:3.]
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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