the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
Click to donate today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #352 - אַיִל
1a) ram (as food)
1b) ram (as sacrifice)
1c) ram (skin dyed red, for tabernacle)
2) pillar, door post, jambs, pilaster
3) strong man, leader, chief
4) mighty tree, terebinth
1012) la (אל AL) AC: Yoke CO: Ox AB: Strength: The pictograph a is a picture of an ox head and also represents its strength. The l is a picture of a shepherd staff and also represents the authority of the shepherd. Combined these two pictographs mean "the strong authority" and can be anyone or thing of strong authority. The yoke is understood as a "staff on the shoulders" (see Isaiah 9:4) in order to harness their power for pulling loads such as a wagon or plow. Hence, the two pictographs can also represent "the ox in the yoke". Often two oxen were yoked together. An older, more experienced ox would be teamed up (yoked) with a younger, less experienced ox. The older ox in the yoke is the "strong authority" who, through the yoke, teaches the younger ox. (eng: all; elk; elephant)
Nm) la (אל AL) - Power: One who holds authority over others such as judges, chiefs and gods. In the sense of being yoked to one another. KJV (245): God, god, power, mighty, goodly, great, idols, strong, unto, with, against, at, into, in, before, to, of, upon, by, toward, hath, for, on, beside, from, where, after, within - Strongs: H410 (אֵל)
Nf1) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Oath:A binding agreement including the curse for violating the oath. II. Oak:The strongest of the woods. KJV (50): oak, elm, teil tree, curse, oath, execration, swearing - Strongs: H423 (אָלָה), H424 (אֵלָה), H427 (אַלָּה)
H) ela (אלה ALH) AC: Swear CO: Yoke AB: ?: The yoking together of two parties. A treaty or covenant binds two parties together through an oath (yoke) . The oath included blessings for abiding by the covenant and curses for breaking the covenant (see de28) . The God of the Hebrews was seen as the older ox that is yoked to his people in a covenant relationship.
cm) efla (אלוה ALWH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hla] KJV (2663): God, god, heathen deity - Strongs: H430 (אֱלֹהִים), H433 (אֱלֹהַּ)
V) lai (יאל YAL) - Yoke: The placing of a yoke on the shoulders to perform work or undertake a task. KJV (19): (vf: Hiphil) content, please, would, taken upon me, began, assayed, willingly - Strongs: H2974 (יָאַל)
M) lia (איל AYL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Strength: Anyone or anything that functions as the "strong authority" is seen as the older ox. Such as a ram or stag deer (the strong leader of the flock or heard) , chief (strong leader of the tribe) , pillar (as the strong support of a building) , oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) .
Nm) lia (איל AYL) - Strong One: Anyone or thing that functions with strength like an ox. This can be a ram or stag (as strong leaders) , chief, pillar (as the strong support of a building) , or oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) KJV (197): ram, post, mighty, tree, lintel, oak, strength, hart - Strongs: H352 (אַיִל), H353 (אֱיָל), H354 (אַיָּל)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 used as food Genesis 31:38 (E) Deuteronomy 32:14 (compare ram of sacrifice, below e.g. Exodus 29:32 compare Leviticus 8:31); as yielding wool 2 Kings 3:4; as tribute 2 Chronicles 17:11; as merchandise Ezekiel 27:21; as gift Genesis 32:15 (E); in simile of leaping, skipping Psalm 114:4 (׳הֶהָרִים רָקְדוּ כְּא) Psalm 114:6; in Daniel's vision, ram with two horns symbolizing kings of Media and Persia Daniel 8:3,4,6,7 (4t. in verse); Daniel 8:20; figurative of rich and powerful in Israel Ezekiel 34:17.
2 slain in ceremony of ratification of convenant between ׳י & Abraham Genesis 15:9 (J); in Abraham's sacrifice Genesis 22:13 (twice in verse) (E); Balaam's sacrifice Numbers 23:1 5t. Numbers 23 (JE); so in ritual (P), ( a) in consecration ceremony of Aaron & his sons Exodus 29:1 15t. Exodus 29 (׳אמִלֻּאִים Exodus 29:22 compare Exodus 29:26; Exodus 29:27; Exodus 29:31) Leviticus 8:2 8t. Leviticus 8 (הַמִּלֻּאִים׳א Leviticus 8:22; Leviticus 8:29 הָעֹלָה׳א Leviticus 8:18); ( b) in guilt-offering (אָשָׁם) Leviticus 5:15,16,18; Leviticus 5:25; Leviticus 19:21,22compare Ezra 10:19 & הַכִּמֻּרִים׳א Numbers 5:8; ( c) burnt-offering (עֹלָה) Leviticus 9:2 & Numbers 15:6,11 & Ezekiel 46:4,5,6,7,11, on day of atonement Leviticus 16:3,5, Pentecost Leviticus 23:18; ( d) peace-offering (שְׁלָמִים) Leviticus 9:4,18,19; beginning of month Numbers 28:11,12,14; compare Numbers 29:2,3; passover Numbers 29:19; Numbers 29:20 compare Ezekiel 45:23,24; day of firstfruits Ezekiel 45:27; Ezekiel 45:28; in 7th month Ezekiel 29:8 18t. Numbers 29; ( e) in law of Nazarite Numbers 6:14,17,19; ( f) in consecration of altar of tabernacle Numbers 7:15 25t. Numbers 7, compare consecration of Ezekiel's temple-altar Ezekiel 43:23,25; ( g) more Generally 1 Samuel 15:22; Isaiah 1:11; Micah 6:7; Job 42:8; Psalm 66:15, also Isaiah 34:6; Isaiah 60:7; at bringing ark to Jerusalem 1 Chronicles 15:26; others occasions 1 Chronicles 29:21; 2 Chronicles 13:9; 29:21,22,32; Ezra 8:35; compare figurative Jeremiah 51:40; Ezekiel 39:18.
3עֹרֹת אֵילִים מְאָדָּמִים rams' skins dyed red, of covering of tabernacle Exodus 25:5; Exodus 26:14; Exodus 35:7,23; Exodus 36:19; compare Exodus 39:34 (all P).
II. אַ֫יִל noun [masculine] projecting pillar or pilaster — ׳א absolute 1 Kings 6:31 (but see below) construct id. Ezekiel 40:14 (but strike out Co):16 (Co better אֵילָיו); אֵיל Ezekiel 41:3, אֵל Ezekiel 40:48; plural אֵילִים Ezekiel 40:14 +; אֵילִם Ezekiel 40:10; suffix אילו Kt Ezekiel 40:9 7t.; אלו Kt Ezekiel 40:29 2t. Qr (in all) אֵילָיו, אֵלָיו; אֵלֵיהֵמָֿה Ezekiel 40:16; — pilaster or projection in wall at each side of entrance (compare Bö Proben, 302; NÄ 927), in Solomon's temple 1 Kings 6:31 (Bö NÄ 525 reads אֵילָם), in Ezekiel's temple Ezekiel 40:9,10 14t. Ezekiel 40..41 + Ezekiel 40:14 a Ew Hi Co אילם compare ᵐ5 B; Ezekiel 40:38 read אילם so Sm Co compare ᵐ5; Ezekiel 40:14 b Co strike out ׳א.
III. [אַ֫יִל?] noun masculine leader, chief (= ram, as leader of flock ? compare Di Exodus 15:15 Ol§142 f Lag BN 170 & see Ezekiel 34:17) — construct אֵל Ezekiel 31:11; plural construct אֵילֵי Exodus 15:15; Ezekiel 17:13 + 2 Kings 24:15 Qr (Kt אולי see אוּל); אֵלֵי Ezekiel 32:21 (strike out Co, see ᵐ5). — leader, chief מוֺאָב׳א Exodus 15:15; הָאָרֶץ׳א Ezekiel 17:13; 2 Kings 24:15 Qr; גּוֺיִם׳א Ezekiel 31:11 (אֵלִים Job 41:17 see below אלה; perhaps אֵלֵיהֶם Ezekiel 31:14 but compare below IV. איל & also אֶל Note 1).
IV. [אַ֫יִל?] noun masculine terebinth (probably as prominent, lofty tree, see Di Genesis 12:6; Genesis 14:6) — construct אֵיל only proper name אֵיל מָּארָן see below; plural אֵילִים Isaiah 1:29; אֵלִים Isaiah 57:5 construct אֵילֵי Isaiah 61:3; suffix אֵלֵיהֶם Ezekiel 31:14 (> strike out Co. see ᵑ9ᵑ8 [Arabic Versions]). — terebinth (compare אֵלָה); as marking idol-shrines Isaiah 1:29; Isaiah 57:5 (so Che Di etc. > gods); figurative of ransomed ones of Zion אֵילֵי הַצֶּדֶק; perhaps of haughty ones Ezekiel 31:14.
(1) a ram, from its curved and twisted horns; see the root אוּל and אִיל, which properly has the sense of rolling, or twisting, Genesis 15:9 pl. אֵילִים Exodus 25:5, and אֵלִים Job 42:8. Intensive of this is אַיָּל.
(2) a term in architecture, crepido portœ, or the projecting ledge surrounding a door at the top and the two sides, often adorned with columns on each side, with a frieze above, with a projection below, die verzierte Ginfaffung der Thür mit Säulenpfoften, Fries und Sockel. 1 Kings 6:31; Ezekiel 41:3 compare Ezekiel 40:9, 21 Ezekiel 40:21, 24 Ezekiel 40:24, 26 Ezekiel 40:26, 29 Ezekiel 40:29, 33 Ezekiel 40:33, 36 Ezekiel 40:36, 37 Ezekiel 40:37, 48 Ezekiel 40:48, 49 Ezekiel 40:49. In pl. אֵילִים crepidines, or projections in front of a building, commonly ornamented with columns or palm trees, between which are spaces occupied by windows, Ezekiel 41:1, 40:10, 14 Ezekiel 40:14, 16 Ezekiel 40:16, 38 Ezekiel 40:38 comp. verses 26 Ezekiel 40:26, 31 Ezekiel 40:31, 34 Ezekiel 40:34, 37 Ezekiel 40:37. The ancient versions sometimes render it posts, sometimes columns; Aquila κρίωμα, as if ram’s-horn-work, i.e. the volutes of columns, especially those of the Corinthian order, elsewhere called κριός; see the copious remarks in Thes. p.43-45. As to the etymology, it is either prop. a projection, prominence, Borfprung, from the root אוּל No. 3, or else, following Aquila, we must regard אַיִל prop. as denoting the capitals of columns, so called from the volutes resembling ram’s horns; hence applied to the whole post or column. Comp. אֵילָם.