the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2530 - חָמַד
1) to desire, covet, take pleasure in, delight in (verb)
1a) (Qal) to desire
1b) (Niphal) to be desirable
1c) (Piel) to delight greatly, desire greatly
2) desirableness, preciousness (noun feminine)
V) dmh (ההמד HhMD) - Desire: To want something that is pleasant out of desire or lust. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) desire, covet, delight, pleasant, beauty, lust, delectable - Strongs: H2530 (חָמַד)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳ח Psalm 68:17; Proverbs 12:12; חָֽמְדוּ Proverbs 1:22; וְחָֽמְדוּ consecutive Micah 2:2; חֲמַדְתֶּם Isaiah 1:29; Imperfect יַחְמֹד Exodus 34:24; 2 masculine singular תַּחְמֹד Exodus 20:16 (twice in verse) + 3t. (including Proverbs 6:25 jussive); suffix וָאֶחְמְדֵם Joshua 7:21; וְנֶחְמְדֵ֫הוּ Isaiah 53:2; Passive participle חֲמוּדוֺ Psalm 39:12; Job 20:20, חֲמוּדֵיהֶם Isaiah 44:9; — desire:
a. in bad sense of inordinate, ungoverned, selfish desire, followed by accusative Exodus 20:17 (twice in verse) (E) = Deuteronomy 5:18 ( Deuteronomy 5:18 b has תִּתְאַוֶּה), Exodus 34:24 (JE) Deuteronomy 7:25; Joshua 7:21 (JE) Micah 2:2; Proverbs 12:12; of lustful desire Proverbs 6:25.
b. = take pleasure in, of idolatrous tendency Isaiah 1:29, so participle plural חֲמוּדֵיהֵם Isaiah 44:9 their delightful things (things in which they delight, see also Isaiah 44:11 and Bev JPhoenician xvii. 1888. p. 126); לֵצִיםלָצוֺן חָֽמְדוּ Proverbs 1:22 how long do scorners delight in scoring.
c. less often in good sense, said of God לְשִׁבְתּוֺ׳הָהָר חָמַד א, poetic Psalm 68:17; object the suffering servant of ׳י, Isaiah 53:2 no beauty in him, that we should desire him (choose him, be drawn toward him); passive participle collective חֲמוּדוֺ Psalm 39:12 his desired things, i. e. chosen, choice, desirable (see Niph`al); so probably Job 20:20.
Niph`al Participle נֶחְמָד Genesis 2:9 2t.; הַנֶּחֱמָדִים Psalm 19:11; — desirable: ׳עץ נלְמַרְאֶה Genesis 2:9, לְהַשְׂכִּיל׳נ Genesis 3:6, מִזָּהָב׳הַנֶּח Psalm 19:11 which are more desirable than gold; אוֺצָר נֶחְמָד Proverbs 21:20 desirable, i.e. costly treasure.
Pi`el Perfect 1 singular delight greatly וְיָשַׁ֫בְתִּי׳בְּצִלּוֺ ח Song of Solomon 2:3 in his shadow I greatly delighted and sate, i.e. sate with great delight.
[חֲמוּדָה] noun feminine desirableness, preciousness — Plural absolute חֲמוּדוֺת Daniel 9:23; חֲמוּדֹת Ezra 8:37; חֲמֻדוֺת 2 Chronicles 20:25 4t.; חֲמֻדֹת Genesis 27:15; construct חֲמֻדוֺת Daniel 11:43; — desirable, choice things i.e. garments Genesis 27:15 ("" בגדים); compare Daniel 11:38 ("" אבןיקרה), Daniel 11:43 (חֲמֻדוֺת מִצְרַיִם); = precious things Ezra 8:27 (as gold); ׳כלי ח 2 Chronicles 20:25; ׳לֶחֶם ח Deuteronomy 10:3; of man only ׳אִישׁחֿ Daniel 10:11,19, and, without אישׁ, אָ֫תָּה׳ח Daniel 9:23 thou art a precious treasure (on construction see Dr§ 189,2; see Bev and compare negative חמד Isaiah 53:2).
חָמַד fut. יַחְמֹד and יֶחְמַד, whence נֶחְמְדֵהוּ, Isaiah 53:2
(1) to desire, to covet, Exodus 20:17, 34:24 Micah 2:2.
(2) to delight in any thing, Psalms 68:17; Isaiah 1:29, 53:2 Proverbs 12:12, with the addition of a dat. of benefit לוֹ Proverbs 1:22. Part. חָמוּד something to be desired, something desirable, hence that which is dearest to one, Job 20:20; Psalms 39:12. חֲמוּדֵיהֶם Isaiah 44:9, “their delight,” i.e. idols (comp. Daniel 11:37).
Niphal, participle נֶחְמָד
(1) desirable, hence pleasant, agreeable, Genesis 2:9, 3:6.
(2) precious, Psalms 19:11; Proverbs 21:20.
Piel, i.q. Kal No. 1. Song of Solomon 2:3, בְּצִלּוֹ חִמַּדְתִּי וְיָשַׁבְתִּי “I desire to sit down in his shadow.” Lehrgeb. § 222, 1 note.
Hence מַחְמָד, מַחְמֹד, and the words immediately following.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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