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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2266 - חָבַר
1) to unite, join, bind together, be joined, be coupled, be in league, heap up, have fellowship with, be compact, be a charmer
1a1) to unite, be joined
1a2) to tie magic charms, charm
1b1) to unite with, make an ally of
1b2) to unite, join, ally
1c1) to be allied with, be united
1c2) to be joined together
1d) (Hiphil) to join together, pile up (words)
1e) (Hithpael) to join oneself to, make an alliance, league together
Nm) rbh (ההבר HhBR) - I. Bound: II. Company:A group bound together. III. Companion:As bound to another. IV. Spell:As a binding. KJV (23): wide, enchantment, company, fellow, companion, together - Strongs: H2267 (חֶבֶר), H2269 (חֲבַר), H2270 (חָבֵר), H2271 (חַבָּר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָבַר properly to bind, to bind together, (kindred to חָבַל No. I.), see Piel. Hence
(1) to join together, but almost always used intransitively, to be joined together, to adhere (Aram. ܚܒܪܰ, Eth. ኀበረ፡ id.). Exodus 26:3, 28:7 39:4 Ezekiel 1:9, 11 Ezekiel 1:11 used of peoples, to be confederate. Genesis 14:3, כָּל־אֵלֶּה הָֽבְרוּ אֶל־עֵמֶק הַשִּׂדִּים “all these came together as confederates unto the valley of Siddim.” Participle pass. Hosea 4:17, חֲבוּר עֲצַבִּים “allied to idols.”
(2) to bind, to fascinate, spoken of some kind of magic which was applied to the binding of magical knots; Gr. καταδέω, κατάδεσμος; compare Germ. bannen=binden, and other words which signify binding, which are applied to incantations; as Eth. አሠረ፡ Deuteronomy 18:11; Psalms 58:6 (of the incantation of serpents).
(3) to be marked with stripes, or lines, to be variegated; geftreift fehn; Arab. حَبَرَ, whence حِبَرَةُ a striped garment; pass. حُبِرَ to be striped (as the skin), i.e. to be marked with the traces of stripes and blows, see Kamûs, p. 491. Hence חֲבוּרָה a stripe, bruise, and חֲבַרְבֻּרוֹת the spots on the skin of a leopard. Comp. Schult. in Har. Cons. V. p. 156, 157.
(1) to connect, to join together, Exodus 26:6, etc.
(2) to bring into fellowship, to make an alliance. 2 Chronicles 30:26, וַיְחַבְּרֵהוּ עִמּוֹ “and he brought him into alliance with himself,” made a league with him.
Pual חֻבַּר, once חָבַּר (Psalms 94:20).
(1) to be joined together, Exodus 28:7, 39:4. (Ecclesiastes 9:4, קרי.) Psalms 122:3, of Jerusalem when restored, כְּעִיר שֶׁחֻבְּרָה לָהּ יַחְדָּו “as a city which is joined together,” i.e. the ruins of which, and the stones long thrown down and scattered, are again built together.
(2) to be associated with, to have fellowship with. Psal. 94:20, חַיְחָבְרְךָ כִּסֵּא הַוּוֹת “shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee?”
Hiphil, to make, or enter into a confederacy. Job 16:4, אַחְבִּירָה עֲלֵיכֶם בְּמִלִּים “I could make a confederacy with words against you;” ich wollte mich mit Worten gegen euch verbünden. It is a metaphor taken from a warlike alliance. [“To twine, or weave, Job 16:4, ‘I would weave words against you.’ ”]
Hithpael הִתְחַבֵּר and (by a Syriacism) אֶתְחַבֵּר to join in fellowship, to make a league, 2 Chronicles 20:35, 37 2 Chronicles 20:37; Daniel 11:6. The infin. formed in the Syriac manner, is הִתְחַבְּרוּת Daniel 11:23.
Derivatives, see Kal No. 3; also see מַחְבֶּרֶת, מְחַבְּרוֹת, pr.n. חָבוֹר, and the words immediately following.
the Sixth Week after Easter