the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #215 - אוֹר
1) to be or become light, shine
1a1) to become light (day)
1a2) to shine (of the sun)
1a3) to become bright
1b1) to be illuminated
1b2) to become lighted up
1c1) to give light, shine (of sun, moon, and stars)
1c2) to illumine, light up, cause to shine, shine
1c3) to kindle, light (candle, wood)
1c4) lighten (of the eyes, his law, etc)
1c5) to make shine (of the face)
1020) ra (אר AR) AC: Order CO: Box AB: ?: Boxes are used to store items and keep them in order. Light is also necessary for order. (eng: order - with the addition of "der" also meaning order in Hebrew)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect אוֺר Genesis 44:3 + אֹ֫רוּ 1 Samuel 14:29; Imperfect 3 feminine plural וַתָּאֹרְנָה 1 Samuel 14:27 Qr; Participle אוֺר Proverbs 4:18 (Ges§ 72 R. 1) Imperative feminine singular א֫וֺרִי Isaiah 60:1; Proverbs 4:18; — become light, shine of sun (especially in early morning) Genesis 44:3 (J) 1 Samuel 29:10; Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 60:1; of eyes (owing to refreshment) 1 Samuel 14:27 (Qr) 29.
Niph`al Imperfect וַיֵּאֹר 2 Samuel 2:32; Infinitive לֵאוֺר Job 33:30; Participle נָאוֺר Psalm 76:5 — become lighted up of day-break 2 Samuel 2:32; by light of life, revival Job 33:30; by light of glory, enveloped in light Psalm 76:5.
Hiph`il Perfect וְהֵאִיר Exodus 25:37, etc.; Imperfect יָאִיר Job 41:24 +; יָאֵר Numbers 6:25 +; וַיָּ֫אֶר Psalm 118:27 +, etc.; Imperative הָאֵר Psalm 80:20 +, הָאִ֫ירָה Psalm 31:17 +; Infinitive הָאִיר Genesis 1:15 +; Participle מֵאִיר Proverbs 29:13; מְאִירַת Psalm 19:9; מְאִירוֺת Isaiah 27:11 —
1 give light, of sun, moon & stars Genesis 1:15,17 (P), of moon Isaiah 60:19; of pillar of fire (followed by ל) Exodus 13:21; Exodus 14:20 (both J E) Psalm 105:39; Nehemiah 9:12,19; of scared lamp Exodus 25:37; Numbers 8:2 (both P); figurative of the words of God Psalm 119:130.
2 light up, cause to shine, shine, followed by accusative הֵאִירוּ בְרָקִים תֵּבֵל lightnings lighted up the world Psalm 77:19; Psalm 97:4; absolute הָֹאָרֶץהֵאִירָה מִכְּבֹדוֺ Ezekiel 43:2; the earth shined with his glory (of theophany); of leviathan, which makes path shine behind him Job 42:24; לַיְלָה כַּיּוֺם יָאִיר night shineth as day Psalm 139:12.
3 light a lamp Psalm 18:29; wood Isaiah 27:11; alter (-fire) Malachi 1:10.
4 lighten, of the eyes, הָאִיר עֵינַיִם, subject ׳י, his law, etc. Proverbs 29:13; Psalm 13:4; Psalm 19:9; Ezra 9:8.
5 make shine, of face of God מָּנָיו אֵלֶיךָ׳יָאֵר י Yahweh make his face shine upon thee Numbers 6:25 (priest's blessing), reappearing Psalm 31:17 (followed by עַלֿ), Psalm 67:2 (followed by אֶתֿ), Psalm 80:4; Psalm 80:8; Psalm 80:20; Psalm 119:135 (followed by ב), Daniel 9:17 compare Psalm 4:7; without מָּנִים (followed by ל) Psalm 118:27; once, of face of Prayer of Manasseh , Ecclesiastes 8:1 מָּנָיו חָכְמַת אָדָם תָּאִיר the wisdom of a man lighteth up his face.
אוֹר to be or become light, to become bright, Genesis 44:3. Used of the eyes of a faint person when he begins to recover, 1 Samuel 14:27, 29 1 Samuel 14:29. Pret. impers. אוֹר “it is light,” 1 Samuel 29:10. Imperat. אוֹרִי Isaiah 60:1, “shine, be bright;” [“i.e. be surrounded and resplendent with light”].
Niphal נָאוֹר; fut. יֵאוֹר i.q. Kal 2 Samuel 2:32; Job 33:30 לֵאוֹר for לְהֵאוֹר to be made light. Part. נָאוֹר “bright, glorious,” Psalms 76:5.
(1) to lighten, to make light, followed by an acc. Psalms 77:19, 97:4 105:39 (a) עֵינֵי פ״ הֵאִיר “to enlighten any one’s eyes” (which were involved in darkness), i.e. as it were to recall him to life, Psalms 13:4 hence, “to refresh, to gladden,” Proverbs 29:13; Psalms 19:9; Ezra 9:8 comp. Sir_31:17.
(b) הֵאִיר פְּנֵי פ״ “to lighten any one’s countenance,” i.e. to make cheerful, Ecclesiastes 8:1 comp. the synon. נָהַר. הֵאִיר פָּנָיו “to make one’s own face to shine;” “to cause one’s face to shine” is especially used of God as being propitious, Psalms 80:4, Psalms 80:8, 20 Ps8 0:20followed by אֶל Numbers 6:25 עַל Psalms 31:17 בְּ Psalms 119:135 לְ Psalms 118:27 אֵת Psalms 67:2. Once without פָּנִים Psalms 118:27.
(c) to enlighten, i.e. to imbue with wisdom, Psalms 119:130.
(2) to shine, to give light (leuchten, fcheinen), absol. Genesis 1:15 with a dat. Exodus 13:21; Isaiah 60:19.
(3) to kindle, Malachi 1:10; Isaiah 27:11 (comp. Eng. to light and אוּר fire). Arab. أَوَّرَ to kindle. Hence are derived the following words, and also מָאוֹר and מְאוּרָה.
אוֹר m. (once f., Job 36:32 comp. Lehrg. 546), light, -Gen. 1:35 ; Job 3:9, 12:25. Wherein it differs from מָאוֹר is shown by Genesis 1:3 comp. verses 14, 16. Thus אוֹר is light everywhere diffused, such as that of the day, and the sun, while מָאוֹר is properly that which affords light, a luminary, and thus it can take the plural number, which אוֹר does not admit, except in one example, Psalms 136:7, where אוֹרִים stands for מְאֹרִים. Specially it is
(a) morning light, light of day; Nehemiah 8:3, מִן־הָאוֹר עַר מַחֲצִית הַיּוֹם “from morning light unto mid-day;” Job 24:14.
(b) the light of the sun, and the sun itself, Job 31:26, 37:21 Habakkuk 3:4; Isaiah 18:4 comp. φάος, used of the sun, Odyss. γ΄, 335.
(c) light of lightning, and lightning itself; Job 36:32, עַל־כַּפַּיִם כִּסָּה אוֹר “he covers the light of lightning upon his hands,” i.e. he covers his hands with lightning, his hands are red with lightning; Job 37:3, 11 Job 37:11, 15 Job 37:15.
(d) light of life, Job 3:16, 20 Job 3:20 more fully אוֹר חַיִּים Ps. 56:14. Metaphorically
(e) light furnishes an image of good fortune, prosperity, sometimes with the proper sense of light retained, Job 22:28; Isaiah 9:1 sometimes that of prosperity itself, Job 30:26 Psal. 97:11. Isaiah 10:17, Jehovah is called “the light of Israel,” as being the author of their prosperity; comp. Isaiah 60:1, Isaiah 60:3.
(f) light for doctrine, teaching; Isaiah 49:6, אוֹר גּוֹיִם “a light of the Gentiles,” i.e. teacher; Isaiah 51:4, 2:5, “let us walk in the light of Jehovah” (verse Isaiah 51:3); compare Proverbs 6:23, “for the commandment (of God) is like a luminary, and the law is as a light.”
(g) פָּנִים אוֹר light, or brightness of countenance, cheerfulness of countenance, a serene countenance, Job 29:24 (comp. Psalms 104:15); Proverbs 16:15, בְּאוֹר פְּנֵי מֶלֶךְ “when the king’s face shineth,” i.e. when it is cheerful and pleasant; Psalms 4:7, 44:4.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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