the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
Click here to learn more!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #216 - אוֹר
1a) light of day
1b) light of heavenly luminaries (moon, sun, stars)
1c) day-break, dawn, morning light
1f) light of lamp
1g) light of life
1h) light of prosperity
1i) light of instruction
1j) light of face (figuratively)
1k) Jehovah as Israel’s light
1020) ra (אר AR) AC: Order CO: Box AB: ?: Boxes are used to store items and keep them in order. Light is also necessary for order. (eng: order - with the addition of "der" also meaning order in Hebrew)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 light as diffused in nature, light of day Genesis 1:3,4,5 (P) Job 3:9; Job 38:19 +.
2 morning light, dawn, אוֺר הַבֹּקֶר light of the morning Judges 16:2; 1 Samuel 14:36; 1 Samuel 25:34,36; 2 Samuel 17:22; 2 Kings 7:9; Micah 2:1; בֹּקֶר׳א 2 Samuel 23:4 (poem of David); ׳עַדהָֿא Judges 19:26 (compare עַדהַֿבֹּקֶר Judges 19:25); לָאוֺר Job 24:14; מִןהָֿאוֺר עַד מַחֲצִית הַיּוֺם from dawn till mid-day, Nehemiah 8:3 compare Proverbs 4:18.
3 light of the heavenly luminaries; הַלְּבָנָה׳א, "" הַחַמָּה׳א moonlight & sunlight Isaiah 30:26; כּוֺכְבֵי אוֺר stars of light Psalm 148:3; מְאוֺרֵי אוֺר luminaries of light Ezekiel 32:8; אוֺרִים = מְאוֺרִים Psalm 136:7; so עֲלֵיאֿוֺר in sunshine Isaiah 18:4; the sun itself Job 31:26.
4 daylight אוֺר רְשָׁעִים light of the wicked Job 38:15 (their work-day being the night); יוֺם אוֺר a day of light Amos 8:9 (= a clear, sunshiny day).
5 lightning Job 36:32; Job 37:3,11,15 compare Habakkuk 3:11.
6 light of lamp Proverbs 13:9; Jeremiah 25:10; of crocodile's hot breath Job 41:10.
7 light of life חַיִּים׳א Job 33:30; Psalm 56:14; compare אוֺר Job 3:16,20.
8 light of prosperity Job 22:28; Job 30:26; Psalm 97:11; Lamentations 3:2.
9 light of instruction נֵר מִצְוָה וְתוֺרָה אוֺר Proverbs 6:23 the commandment is a lamp and instruction a light; so the Messian. servant is אוֺר גּוֺיִם Isaiah 42:6; Isaiah 49:6; compare עַמִּים׳א Isaiah 51:4; the advent of Messiah is shining of great light Isaiah 9:1 (twice in verse).
10 light of face אוֺר מָּנִים = bright, cheerful face (of men) Job 29:24; betokening king's favour Proverbs 16:15 (compare עֵינַיִם׳א Psalm 38:11); of God = his shining, enlightening, favouring face Psalm 4:7; Psalm 44:4; Psalm 89:16.
11 Yahweh is יִשְׂרָאֵל׳א Isaiah 10:17, as source enlightenment & prosperity; light & salvation Psalm 27:1; light to guide Micah 7:8 compare Psalm 43:3; everlasting light of Zion, instead of sun & moon Isaiah 60:19,20; house of Jacob is to walk in his light Isaiah 2:5.
אוֹר to be or become light, to become bright, Genesis 44:3. Used of the eyes of a faint person when he begins to recover, 1 Samuel 14:27, 29 1 Samuel 14:29. Pret. impers. אוֹר “it is light,” 1 Samuel 29:10. Imperat. אוֹרִי Isaiah 60:1, “shine, be bright;” [“i.e. be surrounded and resplendent with light”].
Niphal נָאוֹר; fut. יֵאוֹר i.q. Kal 2 Samuel 2:32; Job 33:30 לֵאוֹר for לְהֵאוֹר to be made light. Part. נָאוֹר “bright, glorious,” Psalms 76:5.
(1) to lighten, to make light, followed by an acc. Psalms 77:19, 97:4 105:39 (a) עֵינֵי פ״ הֵאִיר “to enlighten any one’s eyes” (which were involved in darkness), i.e. as it were to recall him to life, Psalms 13:4 hence, “to refresh, to gladden,” Proverbs 29:13; Psalms 19:9; Ezra 9:8 comp. Sir_31:17.
(b) הֵאִיר פְּנֵי פ״ “to lighten any one’s countenance,” i.e. to make cheerful, Ecclesiastes 8:1 comp. the synon. נָהַר. הֵאִיר פָּנָיו “to make one’s own face to shine;” “to cause one’s face to shine” is especially used of God as being propitious, Psalms 80:4, Psalms 80:8, 20 Ps8 0:20followed by אֶל Numbers 6:25 עַל Psalms 31:17 בְּ Psalms 119:135 לְ Psalms 118:27 אֵת Psalms 67:2. Once without פָּנִים Psalms 118:27.
(c) to enlighten, i.e. to imbue with wisdom, Psalms 119:130.
(2) to shine, to give light (leuchten, fcheinen), absol. Genesis 1:15 with a dat. Exodus 13:21; Isaiah 60:19.
(3) to kindle, Malachi 1:10; Isaiah 27:11 (comp. Eng. to light and אוּר fire). Arab. أَوَّرَ to kindle. Hence are derived the following words, and also מָאוֹר and מְאוּרָה.
אוֹר m. (once f., Job 36:32 comp. Lehrg. 546), light, -Gen. 1:35 ; Job 3:9, 12:25. Wherein it differs from מָאוֹר is shown by Genesis 1:3 comp. verses 14, 16. Thus אוֹר is light everywhere diffused, such as that of the day, and the sun, while מָאוֹר is properly that which affords light, a luminary, and thus it can take the plural number, which אוֹר does not admit, except in one example, Psalms 136:7, where אוֹרִים stands for מְאֹרִים. Specially it is
(a) morning light, light of day; Nehemiah 8:3, מִן־הָאוֹר עַר מַחֲצִית הַיּוֹם “from morning light unto mid-day;” Job 24:14.
(b) the light of the sun, and the sun itself, Job 31:26, 37:21 Habakkuk 3:4; Isaiah 18:4 comp. φάος, used of the sun, Odyss. γ΄, 335.
(c) light of lightning, and lightning itself; Job 36:32, עַל־כַּפַּיִם כִּסָּה אוֹר “he covers the light of lightning upon his hands,” i.e. he covers his hands with lightning, his hands are red with lightning; Job 37:3, 11 Job 37:11, 15 Job 37:15.
(d) light of life, Job 3:16, 20 Job 3:20 more fully אוֹר חַיִּים Ps. 56:14. Metaphorically
(e) light furnishes an image of good fortune, prosperity, sometimes with the proper sense of light retained, Job 22:28; Isaiah 9:1 sometimes that of prosperity itself, Job 30:26 Psal. 97:11. Isaiah 10:17, Jehovah is called “the light of Israel,” as being the author of their prosperity; comp. Isaiah 60:1, Isaiah 60:3.
(f) light for doctrine, teaching; Isaiah 49:6, אוֹר גּוֹיִם “a light of the Gentiles,” i.e. teacher; Isaiah 51:4, 2:5, “let us walk in the light of Jehovah” (verse Isaiah 51:3); compare Proverbs 6:23, “for the commandment (of God) is like a luminary, and the law is as a light.”
(g) פָּנִים אוֹר light, or brightness of countenance, cheerfulness of countenance, a serene countenance, Job 29:24 (comp. Psalms 104:15); Proverbs 16:15, בְּאוֹר פְּנֵי מֶלֶךְ “when the king’s face shineth,” i.e. when it is cheerful and pleasant; Psalms 4:7, 44:4.