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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1800 - דַּל
1) low, poor, weak, thin, one who is low
1081) ld (דל DL) AC: Back and Forth CO: Door AB: ?: The pictograph d is a door. The l is a picture of staff and represents any rod. Combined these pictures mean "the door on the rod". The tent door was hung down as a curtain, covering the entrance to the tent, from a horizontal pole. The door was then moved to the side for going in and out of the tent. (eng: door - an exchange for the d and l)
A) ld (דל DL) AC: ? CO: Door AB: Poor: Any object that dangles such as a bucket that is hung from a rope down a well to retrieve water. The hair hangs from the head. A poor or weak person hangs the head in poverty.
V) lld (דלל DLL) - Brought low: To be brought down low such as the head in humility or a dried up river. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal) brought low, dried up, not equal, emptied, fail, impoverished, thin - Strongs: H1809 (דָּלַל)
2101 Cld Leap
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
דַּל adjective low, weak, poor, thin (especially common in Wisdom literature and poetry) — דַּל Leviticus 14:21 8t., דָּ֑ל Exodus 23:3 17t. + שָדּל Psalm 82:3; דַּלִּים Amos 2:7 17t.; דַּלּוֺת Genesis 41:19; — weak, thin, of kine Genesis 41:19 (E); of Amnon 2 Samuel 13:4; weak, of family of Saul 2 Samuel 3:1 (opposed to חָזֵק) compare Judges 6:15; reduced, poor (opposed to rich) Leviticus 14:21(P) Ruth 3:10 (opposed to עָשִׁיר) Jeremiah 5:4 (opposed to הגדולים, Jeremiah 5:5) Proverbs 28:15; Zephaniah 3:12 (עַם עָנִי וָדָ֑ל); mostly substantive, a poor (man), the poor Exodus 23:3 (JE); opposed to עָשִׁיר Exodus 30:15 (P) Proverbs 10:15; Proverbs 22:16; Proverbs 28:11; opposed to הוֺן Proverbs 19:4; "" אביון 1 Samuel 2:8; Job 5:16; Psalm 72:13; Psalm 82:4; Psalm 113:7; Proverbs 14:31; Isaiah 14:30; Isaiah 25:4; Amos 4:1; Amos 8:6; compare also Job 20:10,19; Proverbs 22:9; Jeremiah 39:10; reduced, weak, helpless ("" עני) Job 34:28; Psalm 82:3("" also יתום), Proverbs 22:22; Proverbs 10:2; Proverbs 11:4; Proverbs 26:6; Amos 2:7; "" אלמנה Job 31:16; opposed to שׁוֺעַ Job 34:19; — compare also Psalm 41:2; Proverbs 19:17; Proverbs 21:13; Proverbs 28:3,8; Proverbs 29:7,14.
דַּל (I) (from the root דָּלָה), pr. something hanging, swinging, hence the leaf of a door as being hung up, and swinging both ways. Once used metaph. the door of the lips, for mouth, Psalms 141:3 (compare Micah 7:5, and πύλαι στόματος, Eurip. Hippol. 882). By far more frequent is fem. דֶּלֶת a door, which see.
(II.) plur. דַּלִּיםִ, fem. דַּלּוֹת feeble (from the root דָּלַל) weak, powerless. 2 Samuel 3:1, “David became continually stronger וּבֵית שָׁאוּל הֹלְכִים וְדַלִּים and the house of Saul grew weaker and weaker;” specially
(a) lean, Genesis 41:19; 2 Samuel 13:4, מַדּוּעַ אַתָּה כָּכָה דַּל “why art thou so lean?”
(b) weak, low, ignoble. Often in plur. דַּלִּים Exodus 23:3 Levit. 14:21 19:15 1 Samuel 2:8; Ruth 3:10; Psalms 41:2, 72:13 Proverbs 10:15, 14:31 19:4 Isaiah 14:30, 25:4 26:6.