the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #168 - אֹהֶל
1a) nomad’s tent, and thus symbolic of wilderness life, transience
1b) dwelling, home, habitation
1c) the sacred tent of Jehovah (the tabernacle)
1104) le (הל HL) AC: Shine CO: Star AB: Distant: The pictograph e is a picture of a man with his arms raised looking at a great sight. The l is a shepherd staff representing the idea of "toward" as the staff is used to move a sheep toward a direction. Combined these letters mean "a looking toward something" such as the looking toward a light in the distance. The stars have always been used to guide the traveler or shepherd to find his home or destination.
Nm) le (הל HL) - I. These:Designating a group that is with the speaker. In the sense of looking toward a sight. [Hebrew and Aramaic; The short form " e " is used as a prefix meaning "look" and translated as "the".] [df: la hla]II. Toward:A moving to or toward something to be with it as the ox moves toward a destination. [df: la] KJV (69): these, those, this, thus, who, so, such, some, same, other, which, another, whom, they, them - Strongs: H411 (אֵל), H412 (אֵל), H413 (אֶל), H428 (אֵלֶּה), H429 (אֵלֶּה)
V) lle (הלל HLL) - Shine: To shine through ones actions or words. KJV (165): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Pual, Piel, Participle) praise, glory, boast, mad, shine, foolish, commended, rage, celebrate - Strongs: H1984 (הָלַל)
gm) lefa (אוהל AWHL) - Tent: The shining light of the campfire next to the tent in the distance is a guide for those returning home late just as a star is used as a guide. KJV (345): tabernacle, tent, dwelling - Strongs: H168 (אֹהֶל)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 tent of nomad Song of Solomon 1:5; Jeremiah 6:3; Jeremiah 49:29; ׳ישֵׁב א dweller in tents Genesis 4:20; Genesis 25:27 (J); אָהֳלֵי מִקְנֶה tents of cattle 2 Chronicles 14:14; of soldier 1 Samuel 17:54 compare Dr, Jeremiah 37:10; 1 Kings 8:66 לְאֹהָלֶיךָ, ישׂראל, exclamation, to thy tents, Israel ! 1 Kings 12:16 (twice in verse) compare 2 Chronicles 10:16; 2 Samuel 20:1 (but compare Dr, 1 Samuel 17:54); of pleasure-tent on house-top 2 Samuel 16:22 (= bridal-tent, bridal pavilion, compare חֻמָּה Psalm 19:5; Joel 2:16 see RS Kinship 168).
2 dwelling, habitation; Psalm 91:10 לְאֹהָלֶ֑ךָ home (literally to thy tents, plural) Judges 19:9 (after הלך); ׳אבֵּיתִי habitation of my house Psalm 132:3 compare Daniel 11:45; דוד׳א habitation or palace of David where throne erected Isaiah 16:5; בַת צִיּוֺן׳א h. of daughter of Zion (= Jerusalem) Lamentations 2:4; אָהֲלֵי יַעֲקֹב Jeremiah 30:18; Malachi 2:12 ("" מִשְׁכָּן); יְהוּדָה׳א Zechariah 12:7 ("" בית דוד); רְשָׁעִים׳א h. of wicked Job 8:22, compare רֶשַׁע׳א Psalm 84:11, יְשָׁרִים׳א Proverbs 14:11; שֹׁחַד׳א Job 15:34; צַדִּיקִים׳א Psalm 118:15; אֱדוֺם׳א = Edom itself, Psalm 83:7 compare קְדָר׳א Psalm 120:5 כוּשָׁן׳א Habakkuk 3:7.
3 the sacred tent used in worship of God; הָאֹהֶל the tent; מוֺעֵד׳א tent of meeting of God with his people (tent of congregation or assembly Ges MV and others) According to E Moses so called the tent which he used to pitch without the camp, afar off, into which he used to enter, & where God spake with him face to face, Exodus 33:7-11Numbers 12:5,10; Deuteronomy 31:14,15; J seems to have same conception of an ׳מ׳א outside the camp, Numbers 11:24,26; D has no allusion to such a tent; P mentions it 131t. as ׳מ׳א; 19t. as הָאֹהֶל (compare Ezekiel 41:1) & הָעֵדוּת׳א, tent of the testimony Numbers 9:15; Numbers 17:22; Numbers 17:23; Numbers 18:2 (as containing ark & tables of the testimony) compare 2 Chronicles 24:6; this tent sometimes confounded with the מִשְׁכָּן but distinguished in ׳מ׳מִשְׁכַּן א Exodus 39:32; Exodus 40:2,6,29, compare 1 Chronicles 6:17; הַמִּשְׁכָּן וְהָאֹהֶל Numbers 3:25; אֶתהַֿמִּשְׁכָּן וְאֶתאָֿהֳלוֺ Exodus 35:11; tent was of three layers of skins, goatskins, ramskins, & tachash skins, each layer of eleven pieces stretched in form of a tent, covering & protecting the מִשְׁכָּן, which was in form of parallelopip. ( Exodus 26). An אֹהֶל מוֺעֵד was at Shilo 1 Samuel 2:22 (omitted ᵐ5; see Dr) compare Psalm 78:60, called יוֺסֵף׳א Psalm 78:67. The Mosaic ׳מ׳א was later at Gibeon 2 Chronicles 1:3,6,13; courses of ministry arranged for service at ׳מ׳א 1 Chronicles 6:17; 1 Chronicles 23:32 compare 1 Chronicles 9:19 (׳הָא), 1 Chronicles 9:21; 1 Chronicles 9:23 (׳בֵּית הָא); David erected an אֹהֶל for ark on Mt. Zion 2 Samuel 6:17; 1 Chronicles 15:1; 1 Chronicles 16:1; 2 Chronicles 1:4; Joab fled for refuge to יהוה׳א 1 Kings 2:28-30; sacred oil brought from ׳הָא 1 Kings 1:39; the מוֺעֵד׳א was taken up into temple 1 Kings 8:4 2 Chronicles 5:5; ׳י had not previously dwelt in a בַּיִת, but had gone מֵאֹהֶל אֶלאֹֿהֶל from tent to tent, from one to another, 1 Chronicles 17:5, compare 2 Samuel 7:6; יהוה׳א ("" בַּיִת & הַר קֹדֶשׁ) is refuge & dwelling-place of righteous, Psalm 15:1; Psalm 27:5; Psalm 27:6; Psalm 61:5 (compare Psalm 90:1).
אֹהֶל with suffix אָהֳלִי, אָהָלְךָ (ŏhŏlchג), with ה parag. אֹהֱלָה; pl. אֹהָלִים (by a Syriacism, for אֳהָלִים; Lehrg. p. 152, 572); with pref. בָּאֳהָלִים Judges 8:11; Jeremiah 35:7, 10 Jeremiah 35:10 const. אָהֳלֵי, with suff. אֹהָלָיו, אֹהָלֶיךָ-אָהֳלֵיכֶם.
(1) a tent, a tabernacle, Genesis 9:27, etc.; מוֹעֵד אֹהֶל “the tent of the congregation,” commonly called the tabernacle of the covenant, i.e. the moveable and portable temple of the Israelites in the desert, which is described Exo 26:1-37 and 36 called also simply הָאֹהֶל 1 Kings 1:39. With regard to the tabernacle, when אֹהֶל is distinguished from מִשְׁכָּן, אֹהֶל is the outer covering of the tent, of twelve curtains of goats’ hair, placed above the dwelling-place (מִשְׁכָּן), i.e. ten interior curtains which rested on the boards, Exodus 26:1, Exodus 26:7, 36:8, 14 Exodus 36:14, 19 Exodus 36:19.
(2) a house, or habitation of any kind; Isaiah 16:5, אֹהֶל דָּוִד “the house of David;” 1 Kings 8:66; Jeremiah 4:20; Lamentations 2:4. Poet. Psalms 132:3, אִם אָבֹא בֵּאֹהֶל בֵּיתִי “I will not enter into the habitation of my house.”
(3) Specially of the temple, Ezekiel 41:1.
(4) [Ohel], pr.n. of a son of Zerubbabel, 1 Chronicles 3:20.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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