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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1438 - גָּדַע
1) to cut, hew, chop, cut down, hew down, hew off, cut off, cut in two, shave off
1a) (Qal) to hew, chop in two
1b) (Niphal) to be chopped off, be hewn off
1c) (Piel) to cut off or down in two, hew off or down in two
1d) (Pual) to chop down, hew down
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect גָּדַע Lamentations 2:3; וְגָדַעְתִּ֫י 1 Samuel 2:31; Imperfect וָאָגְדַּע Zechariah 11:10,14; Participle passive גְּדוּעָה Isaiah 15:2 (so many editions but) Baer גְּרוּעָה; compare below, גְּדֻעִים Isaiah 10:33; — hew, cut in two, a staff Zechariah 11:10,14; metaphor hew off, an arm 1 Samuel 2:31; horns Lamentations 2:3; hew down, trees Isaiah 10:33; if in Isaiah 15:2 then = shave off (object זקן, beard), but no other indication of this meaning, and true ᵑ0גְּרוּעָה, compare Baer's note & Jeremiah 48:37; see גרע.
Niph`al Perfect נִגְדַּע Judges 21:6 נֶגְדַּע Jeremiah 50:23; 3 feminine singular נִגְדְּעָה Jeremiah 48:25; וְנִגְדְּעָה consecutive Isaiah 22:25; 2 masculine singular נִגְדַּעְתָּ Isaiah 14:12; 3 plural וְנִגְדְּעוּ consecutive Ezekiel 6:6; Amos 3:14; — be hewn off, of altar-horns Amos 3:14, of idols Ezekiel 6:6 ("" נשׁבר); of severance of a tribe from nation Judges 21:6; figurative of king of Babylon Isaiah 14:12; of Babylon as hammer Jeremiah 50:23 ("" נשׁבר); of a minister, under figure of secure peg or pin Isaiah 22:25; of horn of Moab Jeremiah 48:25 ("" נשׁבר).
Pi`el Perfect גִּדַּע 2 Chronicles 34:7, גִּדֵּ֑עַ 2 Chronicles 34:4; Psalm 107:16, וַיְגַדַּע 2 Chronicles 14:2, אֲגַדֵּ֑עַ Psalm 7:5; Isaiah 45:2, וַיְגַדְּעוּ 2 Chronicles 31:1; 3 masculine plural תְּגַדֵּע֑וּן Deuteronomy 7:5; Deuteronomy 12:3; — hew off, down, in two (compare Qal) of Asherîm Deuteronomy 7:5; 2 Chronicles 14:2; 2 Chronicles 31:1, of idols Deuteronomy 12:3 (מְּסִילִים) 2 Chronicles 34:4,7 (חַמָּנִים); figurative horns of wicked Psalm 75:11; bars of iron (i.e. of Babylon's gates) Isaiah 45:2, compare Psalm 107:16.
Pu`al Perfect גֻּדָּ֑עוּ Isaiah 9:9 hew down (of trees).
גָּדַע fut. יִגְדַע.
(1) to cut, to cut down, to prune, prop. trees (see Pual), applied also to the slaughter of men, Isaiah 10:33; Judges 21:6. (Arabic جدع to cut off the hand, nose, ears, أَجدَعُ mutilated. Kindred is גָּזַע, see more under גָּדַד ). Once used of the beard of mourners as cut off, Isaiah 15:2, בָּל־זָקָן גְּרוּעָה “every beard cut off,” or mutilated. In the place where this is copied, Jeremiah 48:37, we read, גְּרוּעָה shorn, but there is no need to regard this as the true reading in Isaiah, though it is found in 80 MSS.; for Jeremiah, as usual, substitutes for a word in little use another appropriate to the purpose. See my Comment on the passage. Comp. Gesch. d. Hebr. Sprache, p. 37, and above in אָשִׁישׁ see p. 85, A.
(2) to break as a rod, Zechariah 11:10, 14 Zechariah 11:14. To break any one’s arm (said of God), 1 Samuel 2:31 and any one’s horn, Lamentations 2:3 (compare Ps. 75:11 ), figuratively for to break his strength, as also in Arabic.
Niphal, to be cut down, Isaiah 14:12, 22:25 also to be broken, of horns, Jeremiah 48:25 of statues, Ezekiel 6:6.
Piel גִּדַּע, with distinct, acc. גִּדֵּעַ to break, to break in pieces, as bars, bolts, 45:2 horns, Ps. 75:11 the statues of idols, Deuteronomy 7:5, 12:3.
Pual, to be cut down as a tree, Isaiah 9:9.
The Derivatives all follow immediately.