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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2608 - κατάγνυμι

Transliteration
katágnymi
Phonetics
kat-ag'-noo-mee
Origin
from (G2596) and the base of (G4486)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to break
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1438 ‑ גָּדַע (gaw‑dah');  1758 ‑ דִּישׁ (doosh, dosh, deesh);  4272 ‑ מָחַץ (maw‑khats');  5181 ‑ נָחַת (naw‑khath');  5221 ‑ נָכָה (naw‑kaw');  7291 ‑ רָדַף (raw‑daf');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (5)
Matthew
2
John
3
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (4)
Matthew
1
John
3
BSB (4)
Matthew
1
John
3
ESV (4)
Matthew
1
John
3
WEB (4)
Matthew
1
John
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατ-άγνῡμι,

inf. -ύναι [] Th. 4.11, Pl. Phdr. 265e; καταγνύω Eub. 107.14, X. Oec. 6.5; late pres. κατάσσω, κατεάσσω (qq. v.): fut. κατάξω Eup. 323: aor. κατέαξα Hom., etc. (v. infr.); Ion. κατῆξα Hp. Epid. 5.26; 3 sg. subj. κατάξει SIG 38.37 (Teos, v B.C.); part. κατάξας (Dobree for κατεάξας) Lys. 3.42, Plu. 2.526b (v.l. κατεάξας, κατάγξας); opt. καυάξαις = καϝϝάξαις for κατ-ϝάξαις, Hes. Op. 666, 693: Pass., κατάγνῠμαι Hp. Fract. 45, Art. 67, Ar. Pax 703: impf. κατεάγνυτο Epicur. Nat. 113G.: aor. 2 κατεάγην [prob. ] Ar. V. 1428, subj. κατ-ᾱγῶ (contr. fr. κατᾰ-ϝᾰγ-) Id. Fr. 604, prob. in Id. Ach. 928, opt. κατᾱγείην ib. 944; part. καταγείς [prob. ] IG 2.1673.33, 39, al., later κατᾰγέντος APl. 4.187: fut. καταγήσομαι Cat.Cod. Astr. 8(4).129: pf. κατέᾱγα, Ion. κατέηγα Hp. Art. 67 (in pass. sense); part. κατεαγώς, written κατειαγώς IG 22.1673.55, contr. κατηγώς Phoenix5.1: pf. Pass. κατέαγμαι Luc. Tim. 10, Paus. 8.46.5, Artem. 5.32: aor. 1 κατεάχθην LXX Jeremiah 31:25(48).25; inf. καταχθῆναι Arist. PA 640a22; part. καταχθείς Anon.Lond. 26.52, D.Chr. 11.82.--The forms κατέαξα, κατεάγην led the copyists to insert the ε in unaugmented forms, as κατεάξας Lys. l.c., κατεαγῇ Hp. Art. 50, κατεαγῆναι Pl. Grg. 469d, and such forms were in use in later Gr., as κατεάξει Matthew 12:20, κατεαγῶσιν John 19:31, κατέαξαν BGU 908.25 (ii A.D.):

I

1. break in pieces, shatter, κατά θ' ἅρματα ἄξω Il. 8.403; ἄξονα Hes. Op. 693; τὸ (sc. ἔγχος) γὰρ κατεάξαμεν Il. 13.257; νέα μέν μοι κατέαξε Ποσειδάων Od. 9.283, cf. Hes. Op. 666; εἴ τινες μαχεσάμενοι ἔτυχον ἀλλήλων κατάξαντες τὰς κεφαλάς Lys. 3.42; κατάξειέ τις αὐτοῦ μεθύων τὴν κεφαλήν Ar. Ach. 1166 cod. R (v.l. τῆς κεφαλῆς, cf. οὐ γὰρ κατάξει τῆς κεφαλῆς τὰ ῥήματα Eup. 323, κατῆξε τῶν πλευρέων Hp. Epid. 5.26, v. sub fin.); κατάξω τὴν κεφαλήν, ἄνθρωπέ, σου Men. Sam. 173; γυνὴ κατέαξ' ἐχῖνον Ar. V. 1436; Ναξίαν ἀμυγδάλην κατᾶξαι Phryn. Com.68; τὰς ἀμυγδαλᾶς.. κάταξον τῇ κεφαλῇ σαυτοῦ λίθῳ Ar. Fr. 590: metaph., break up into species, μὴ κ. μηδὲ κερματίζειν τὴν ἀρετήν Pl. Men. 79a.

2. weaken, enervate, πατρίδα θ', ἢν αὔξειν Χρεὼν καὶ μὴ κατᾶξαι E. Supp. 508; τὰς ψυχὰς καταγνύουσι X. Oec. 6.5: abs. in pf. part. κατεαγώς effeminate, D.H. Comp. 18, Ath. 12.524f; αὐλητὴς τῶν κ. Plu. Dem. 4; κ. μουσική S.E. M. 6.14.

II Pass. with pf. Act., to be broken, δόρατα κατεηγότα Hdt. 7.224; ὀστέα Hp. Fract. 8; κληΐς Id. Art. 14; περὶ δ' ἐμῷ κάρᾳ κατάγνυται τὸ τεῦχος S. Fr. 565.3; κατέαγεν ἡ Χύτρα Ar. Th. 403; esp. καταγῆναι τὴν κεφαλήν have one's head broken, And. 1.61, Lys. 3.14; τὴν κεφαλὴν κατεαγέναι D. 54.35: Com., στάμνου κεφαλὴν κατεαγότος Ar. Pl. 545; τὸ κρανίον E. Cyc. 684; τὸ σκάφιον Ar. Fr. 604; κατεαγέναι or κατάγνυσθαι τὰ ὦτα, of pugilists, Pl. Grg. 515e, Prt. 342b; τὴν κλεῖν κατεαγώς D. 18.67: also c. gen. partit. (οὐ πᾶσαν τὴν κεφαλὴν ἀλλὰ μέρος τι αὐτῆς Hdn. Philet. p.448 P.), τῆς κεφαλῆς κατέαγε περὶ λίθῳ πεσών Ar. Ach. 1180; κατεάγη τῆς κ. Id. V. 1428; τῆς κ. καταγῆναι (-εαγῆναι, -εαγέναι codd.) δεῖν Pl. Grg. 469d; κατέαγα τοῦ κρανίου Luc. Tim. 48: metaph., to be shattered, of an argument, Epicur. l. c.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατ -άγνυμι ,

[in LXX for H5181 pi., etc.;]

to break: c. acc rei, Matthew 12:20 (LXX), John 19:31-33.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The curious forms κατεάξω, etc. (Blass Gr. p. 52, Rader-macher Gr. p. 69 f.) can now be illustrated from BGU III. 908.25 (time of Trajan) κατέαξαν ἐνίων οἰκιῶν τὰς θύρας, P Flor II. 185.7 (A.D. 254) τὰ δὲ κανθήλεια (";pack-saddles";) . . κατεαγμένα καὶ ἄχρηστα : cf. ib. 175.7 (A.D. 255) and Syll 588.10 (c. B.C. 180) κατεαγότες. The subst. occurs bis in connexion with a wound in the head, BGU II. 647.12 f, (A.D. 130) ὑπὲρ τὸν ἀριστερὸν κρόταφον τῆς κεφαλῆς τραῦμα κατέαγμα ἐπὶ βάθους, ἐν ᾧ εὗρον μι [κρ ]ὰ κατεάγματα λ [ ]θ [ο ]υ : cf. P Amh II. 93.19 (A.D. 181) ἐὰν δέ τις ἐπισκευῆς ἢ ἀνοικοδομῆς ἢ καταιάγματος ξυλικῶν ἢ ἀργαλίων ὁμοίως ὄντων πρὸ (l. πρὸς) σὲ τὸν Στοτοῆτιν, ";if any repairs or rebuilding or breakage of wood-work or tools occur you, Stotoëtis, shall be responsible"; (Edd.). See also Moult on Gr. ii. § 83. 1.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταγεγραμμέναι καταγεγραμμένων κατάγραψον καταγράψω κατάξας κατάξεις κάταξον κατεαγωσιν κατεαγώσιν κατεαγῶσιν κατεαξαν κατέαξαν κατεαξει κατεάξει κατεάχθη κατέγραψας κατέγραψε kateagosin kateagôsin kateagōsin kateagō̂sin kateaxan katéaxan kateaxei kateáxei
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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