the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5181 - נָחַת
1) to go down, descend
1a1) to go down, descend
1a2) to descend, descend into (chastisement) (figuratively)
1b) (Niphal) to come down into, penetrate
1c) (Piel) to cause to descend, press down, stretch (a bow)
1d) (Hiphil) to bring down
V) thn (נההת NHhT) - Descend: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (15): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel) broken, come down, enter, stick fast, settle, press, carry, place, lay, depose - Strongs: H5181 (נָחַת), H5182 (נְחַת)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 3 masculine singular יֵחַת Jeremiah 21:13; 3 feminine singular תֵּ֫חַת Proverbs 17:10, וַתִּנְחַת Psalm 38:3; 3 masculine plural יֵחַ֑תּוּ Job 21:13 (forms יֵחַת, יֵחַתּוּ see also חתת); —
1 go down, descend, to attack Jeremiah 21:13; into Sh®°ôl Job 21:13.
2 figurative descend in chastisement Psalm 38:3 (hand of ׳י; ""
Niph`al see below); followed by בְּ descend into i.e. make impression on, Proverbs 17:10 (of reproof).
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine plural נִחֲתוּ followed by בְּ = penetrate Psalm 38:3, (of arrows of ׳י).
Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive וְנִחַת 2 Samuel 22:35 (see Ges§ 145. 7); = 3 feminine singular וְנִחֲתָה Psalm 18:35; Infinitive absolute נַחֵת Psalm 65:11; — cause to descend = press down, according to most, in קֶשֶׁת נְחוּשָׁה זְדֹעֹתָ֑י׳וְנ 2 Samuel 22:35 = Psalm 18:35 so that my arms press down, stretch, a bow of bronze, but dubious; Bu conjecture Hiph`il יַנְחִת; HPS וַיָּ֫שֶׁת and makes my arms a bow of bronze; of pressing down, smoothing out, furrows of land Psalm 65:11.
Hiph`il Imperative הַנְחַת Joel 4:11 thither bring down thy heroes, ׳י! (on form compare Ges§ 64 R. 3 Kö i. 314 f.).
[נְחֵת] verb descend (ᵑ7 Syriac; see Biblical Hebrew (in poetry, and late)); —
Pe`al Participle נָחִ֑ת Daniel 4:10; Daniel 4:20 (both מִןשְֿׁמַיָּא).
Haph`el deposit, ב location: Imperfect 2 masculine singular תַּחֵת (K§ 42, b)) Ezra 6:5 (Gu Hpt reads 3 masculine plural); Imperative masculine singular אֲחֵת (K§ 15 d)) Ezra 5:15 (accusative of thing); Passive participle plural מְהַחֲתִין Ezra 6:1 (were) deposited.
Hoph`al (W CG 225) be deposed: Perfect 3 masculine singular הָנְחַת Daniel 5:20 (מִןכָּֿרְסֵא).
נָחַת fut. יִנְחַת Psalms 38:3, and יֵחַת Proverbs 17:10, to descend; a root of frequent use in the Aramean, i.q. Hebr. יָרַד, in the Old Test. only found in poetry (perhaps a secondary root springing from the noun נַחַת); Jerem. 21:13, מִי־יֵחַת עָלֵינוּ “who shall come down against us?” who shall oppose us? Psalms 38:3, וַתִּנְחַת עָלַי יָדֶֽךָ “and thy hand came down upon me,” chastising me; plur. יֵחַתּוּ Job 21:13, for יֵחָתוּ with Dag. euphon.; compare Lehrg. p. 85. Trop. Proverbs 17:10, תֵּחַת גְּעָרָה בְמֵבִין “correction goes down into (the mind of) the prudent” comp. Proverbs 18:8, 26:22 ); תֵּחַת is penacute; comp. Lehrg. § 51, 1, note 1.
Niphal נִחַת i.q. Kal Psalms 38:3, כִּי־חִצֶּיךָ נִחֲתוּ בִי “for thy arrows come down upon me,” they pierce me.
Piel נִחַת to press down.
(a) a bow, i.e. to bend it, Psalms 18:35.
(b) furrows, i.e. to smooth down (spoken of rain), Psalms 65:11.
Hiphil, to prostrate. Imp. הַנְחַת Joel 4:11 [taken in Thes. as meaning to lead down].
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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