the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07925 - שָׁכַם
1) to rise or start early
1a1) to rise early, make an early start
1a2) early (as adverb)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁכַם not used in Kal.
(1) to rise early in the morning, either with addition of בַּבֹּקֶר Genesis 19:27, 20:8 28:18 32:1 or without it, Genesis 19:2; Exodus 32:6; Joshua 8:14. (Pr. perhaps to put a load on camels and other beasts, which nomadic tribes do very early in the morning, denom. from שְׁכֶם, Eth. ሰከመ፡ to put a load on the shoulders, Matthew 23:4 comp. Ch. שְׁרָא, καταλύω.) Followed by לְּ to get up early to any place, Song of Solomon 7:13. When joined with another verb it is for the adv. early. Hosea 6:4, טַל מַשְׁכִּים הֹלֵךְ “the dew disappearing early.” Hosea 13:3. Hence inf. absol. הַשְׁכֵּם adv. early. Proverbs 27:14.
(2) figuratively, to do earnestly, or urgently. Jeremiah 7:13, אֲדַבֵּר אֲלֵיכֶם הַשְׁכֵּם וְדַבֵּר “I have spoken to you earnestly.” Jeremiah 11:7,-וְהָעֵד כִּי הָעֵד הֲעִידֹתִי הַשְׁכֵּם “for I have most earnestly testified;” 7:25 25:3 26:5 32:33 35:14, 15 Jeremiah 35:15, 44:4 2 Chronicles 36:15; Zephaniah 3:7, הִשְׁכִּימוּ הִשְׁחִיתוּ עֲלִילוֹתָם “they earnestly acted wickedly.” Once inf. in the Ch. form אַשְׁכֵּם for הַשְׁכֵּם Jeremiah 25:3. For Jeremiah 5:8, see under שָׁכָה.